Allstate Life Insurance Company v. Robert W. Baird & Co. Inc., et al.
ORDER granting the 691 Motion for Summary Judgment of Wells Fargo Bank NA. Signed by Judge G Murray Snow on 9/13/13.(REW)
1 WO 2 3 4 5 6 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA 8 9 10 Lead Case No. CV-09-08162-PCT-GMS In Re: Allstate Life Insurance Company Litigation 11 Consolidated with: No. CV-09-8174-PCT-GMS ORDER 12 13 14 15 Pending before the Court is the Motion for Summary Judgment of Third-party 16 Defendant/Cross-Defendant/Cross-Claimant Wells Fargo Bank, NA (the “Trustee”). 17 (Doc. 691.) The Trustee moves to dismiss the Town of Prescott Valley’s counterclaim 18 against it for indemnification. 19 On November 18, 2011, the Court dismissed the Town’s counterclaim for 20 indemnification against Wells Fargo for claims asserted against the Town “related to the 21 omission of material facts from the Official Statements.” (Doc. 433 at 10.) 22 Indemnification “is an all or nothing proposition damage-wise, and hence should be an all 23 or nothing proposition fault-wise.” Transcon Lines v. Barnes, 17 Ariz. App. 428, 435, 24 498 P.2d 502, 509 (Ct. App. 1972). The Court reasoned: If the factfinder agrees that the Town is not responsible for the contents of these statements, the Town will not be liable for any such negligent omission. If, on the other hand, the Town is held liable for the omissions in the Official Statements, it will be because the factfinder determined that the Town and the Trustee shared the responsibility for creating the Official Statements. And if the Town 25 26 27 28 1 and Trustee shared the responsibility for creating the Official Statements, then they would also share any fault for the alleged omissions. 2 3 (Doc. 433 at 11.) Thus, because indemnification is only available to “one who pays 4 damages but is without personal fault,” Transcon Lines, 498 P.2d at 511, the Town could 5 not seek indemnification against the Trustee. The Town could not “be both without 6 personal fault and at the same time liable for the omissions in the Official Statements.” 7 (Doc. 433 at 11.) 8 However, the Court denied the Motion to Dismiss as to the Town’s 9 indemnification claim “related to the Town’s alleged failure to deliver certain pledged tax 10 revenues to the Bondholders.” (Id.) This is because the Town plead that it was obligated 11 to make periodic payments of the tax revenues, but that it was the Trustee’s duty to 12 ensure that a system was in place so that the Town could timely budget for and thus pay 13 the pledged tax revenues. Under this theory, the Town could be held liable to its failure to 14 meet its obligation but still be wholly without fault, as its inability to pay would be due 15 solely to the Trustee’s failure to ensure the existence of the system. 16 The Trustee now moves for summary judgment on the second indemnification 17 claim, asserting that there are no claims against the Town in which the Town could be 18 held liable and also wholly without fault. (Doc. 693 at 1.) The Trustee argues that the 19 only claims left against the Trustee are based on the Town’s “active participation in the 20 issuance of a misleading OS and its non-disclosures in 2005.” (Id. at 4.) The Town’s 21 liability on these claims rises and falls with the Town’s fault in the situation—these 22 claims that the Trustee was actively involved in the fraudulent statements underlying this 23 litigation do not allow for a holding that the Town is both liable and without fault.1 24 25 1 26 27 28 The Town also appears to be arguing that any wrongdoing alleged by Plaintiffs would constitute only passive negligence, as opposed to active negligence, though it fails to make the argument expressly. However, the “continued viability” of the distinction between active and passive negligence “is very much in doubt,” particularly with regard to claims of common law (as opposed to contractual) indemnification. Herstam v. Deloitte & Touche, LLP, 186 Ariz. 110, 118, 919 P.2d 1381, 1389 (Ct. App. 1996). -2- 1 The Town objects to this characterization of the claims against it, arguing that the 2 Plaintiffs’ claims against the Town still stem from the allegation that it “missed or could 3 ‘evade’ payments.” (Doc. 863 at 3.) It asserts that any claims regarding the Town making 4 misleading statements regarding the pledge of tax revenues “cannot be actionable without 5 harm resulting from nonpayment of TPT Revenues. (Id. at 6.) Furthermore, the Town 6 argues that to the extent the Plaintiffs’ claims are based on the Town’s involvement in 7 defects in the drafting of the Bond Documents, the evidence will show that the Town was 8 not responsible, and thus it can still maintain a claim of indemnification against the 9 Trustee. (Id. at 5.) 10 In Reply, the Trustee disclaims any causes of action against the Trustee based on 11 nonpayment of TPT Revenues. (Doc. 916 at 3.) The Trustee states that it only brought 12 two claims against the Town for missed payments of TPT Revenues: a breach of contract 13 and reformation claim based on alleged nonpayment in November 2007, which was 14 dismissed by the Court in its 2010 Motion to Dismiss Order (Doc. 212 at 52–54) and 15 another breach of contract claim based on an April 2011 payment, against which the 16 Town has filed a Motion for Summary Judgment that the Trustee does not oppose. (Doc. 17 913 at 3.) The Trustee also points to the Plaintiffs’ separate Motion for Summary 18 Judgment against the Town’s other counterclaims, in which Plaintiffs stated that they 19 would not seek any damages from the Town based on TPT payments made in the past or 20 that will be made in the future. (See Doc. 696 at 6–9.) Thus, “the Town no longer faces 21 liability stemming from non-payment of TPT Revenues.” (Doc. 913 at 4.) 22 Based on the Trustee’s representations in its pleadings, the Court finds that there 23 are no longer any claims against the Town on which it can be found both liable and 24 wholly not at fault. The Town’s second indemnification claim originally survived the 25 motion to dismiss because it alleged an obligation on the part of the Town that could be 26 breached without any wrongdoing by the Town. Now that Plaintiffs have no claims based 27 on the Town’s breach of that obligation, the reasoning in the November 18 Order no 28 longer holds. -3- 1 The Town’s argument that any claim against it for defects in the pledge of TPT 2 Revenues necessarily involves the nonpayment of TPT Revenues misses the point. It 3 does not, in fact, appear that Plaintiffs seek any damages or rescission based on the 4 nonpayment of TPT Revenues; rather, they seek recovery on the ground that defects in 5 the drafting of the Bond Documents created misstatements or omissions in the OS, which 6 led to the devaluation of their Bonds, regardless of whether any payments of TPT 7 Revenues were missed. Moreover, nonpayment of TPT Revenues as a mere element in a 8 claim is insufficient to give rise to a claim for indemnification; the Trustee must show 9 that a holding could issue which would result in it being held liable for an action for 10 which it was entirely without fault. 11 Nor does the Town’s argument that evidence will show its lack of responsibility 12 for the misstatements or omissions in the OS hold water. Though the Town might 13 successfully show its lack of involvement in the alleged fraudulent activities at hand, this 14 would simply mean that it is wholly without fault, in which case the Plaintiffs would not 15 be able to recover from it, and its claim of indemnification would be moot. If the Town 16 fails to successfully show its lack of involvement, then a finding against it would require 17 a finding of wrongdoing, in which case the indemnity claim would be foreclosed. 18 Because the Town has shown no facts that it could “be both without personal fault and at 19 the same time liable,” the Trustee’s Motion for Summary Judgment is granted. 20 IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the Motion for Summary Judgment (Doc. 21 691) of Wells Fargo Bank, NA is GRANTED. 22 Dated this 13th day of September, 2013. 23 24 25 26 27 28 -4-