Perry et al v. Schwarzenegger et al

Filing 331

RESPONSE in Support re 311 MOTION to Intervene filed byMartin F. Gutierrez, Dennis Hollingsworth, Mark A. Jansson, Gail J. Knight, ProtectMarriage.com - Yes on 8, A Project of California Renewal, Hak-Shing William Tam. (Cooper, Charles) (Filed on 12/30/2009)

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Perry et al v. Schwarzenegger et al Doc. 331 Case3:09-cv-02292-VRW Document331 Filed12/30/09 Page1 of 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 COOPER AND KIRK, PLLC Charles J. Cooper (DC Bar No. 248070)* ccooper@cooperkirk.com David H. Thompson (DC Bar No. 450503)* dthompson@cooperkirk.com Howard C. Nielson, Jr. (DC Bar No. 473018)* hnielson@cooperkirk.com Nicole J. Moss (DC Bar No. 472424)* nmoss@cooperkirk.com Peter A. Patterson (OH Bar No. 0080840)* ppatterson@cooperkirk.com 1523 New Hampshire Ave. N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 Telephone: (202) 220-9600, Facsimile: (202) 220-9601 LAW OFFICES OF ANDREW P. PUGNO Andrew P. Pugno (CA Bar No. 206587) andrew@pugnolaw.com 101 Parkshore Drive, Suite 100, Folsom, California 95630 Telephone: (916) 608-3065, Facsimile: (916) 608-3066 ALLIANCE DEFENSE FUND Brian W. Raum (NY Bar No. 2856102)* braum@telladf.org James A. Campbell (OH Bar No. 0081501)* jcampbell@telladf.org 15100 North 90th Street, Scottsdale, Arizona 85260 Telephone: (480) 444-0020, Facsimile: (480) 444-0028 ATTORNEYS FOR DEFENDANT-INTERVENORS DENNIS HOLLINGSWORTH, GAIL J. KNIGHT, MARTIN F. GUTIERREZ, HAK-SHING WILLIAM TAM, MARK A. JANSSON, and PROTECTMARRIAGE.COM YES ON 8, A PROJECT OF CALIFORNIA RENEWAL * Admitted pro hac vice UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA KRISTIN M. PERRY, SANDRA B. STIER, PAUL CASE NO. 09-CV-2292 VRW T. KATAMI, and JEFFREY J. ZARRILLO, Plaintiffs, CITY AND COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO, Plaintiff-Intervenor, v. ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, in his official capacity as Governor of California; EDMUND G. BROWN, JR., in his official capacity as Attorney General of California; MARK B. HORTON, in his DEFENDANT-INTERVENORS' MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF PROPOSED INTERVENORS' MOTION TO INTERVENE Date: January 21, 2010 Time: 10:00 a.m. Judge: Chief Judge Vaughn R. Walker Location: Courtroom 6, 17th Floor Trial Date: January 11, 2010 DEFENDANT-INTERVENORS' MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF PROPOSED INTERVENORS' MOTION TO INTERVENE CASE NO. 09-CV-2292 VRW Dockets.Justia.com Case3:09-cv-02292-VRW Document331 Filed12/30/09 Page2 of 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 official capacity as Director of the California Department of Public Health and State Registrar of Vital Statistics; LINETTE SCOTT, in her official capacity as Deputy Director of Health Information & Strategic Planning for the California Department of Public Health; PATRICK O'CONNELL, in his official capacity as Clerk-Recorder for the County of Alameda; and DEAN C. LOGAN, in his official capacity as Registrar-Recorder/County Clerk for the County of Los Angeles, Defendants, and PROPOSITION 8 OFFICIAL PROPONENTS DENNIS HOLLINGSWORTH, GAIL J. KNIGHT, MARTIN F. GUTIERREZ, HAKSHING WILLIAM TAM, and MARK A. JANSSON; and PROTECTMARRIAGE.COM YES ON 8, A PROJECT OF CALIFORNIA RENEWAL, Defendant-Intervenors. Additional Counsel for Defendant-Intervenors ALLIANCE DEFENSE FUND Timothy Chandler (CA Bar No. 234325) tchandler@telladf.org 101 Parkshore Drive, Suite 100, Folsom, California 95630 Telephone: (916) 932-2850, Facsimile: (916) 932-2851 Jordan W. Lorence (DC Bar No. 385022)* jlorence@telladf.org Austin R. Nimocks (TX Bar No. 24002695)* animocks@telladf.org 801 G Street NW, Suite 509, Washington, D.C. 20001 Telephone: (202) 393-8690, Facsimile: (202) 347-3622 * Admitted pro hac vice DEFENDANT-INTERVENORS' MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF PROPOSED INTERVENORS' MOTION TO INTERVENE CASE NO. 09-CV-2292 VRW Case3:09-cv-02292-VRW Document331 Filed12/30/09 Page3 of 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Defendant-Intervenors hereby support the motion to intervene filed by Proposed Intervenors County of Imperial of the State of California, Board of Supervisors of Imperial County, and Isabel Vargas in her official capacity as Deputy Clerk/Deputy Commissioner of Civil Marriages for the County of Imperial ("Proposed Intervenors"). ARGUMENT Proposed Intervenors properly emphasize the importance of ensuring appellate review of the issues presented by this case, regardless of how they are resolved by this Court. There can be no question that these issues are of the utmost importance. Hanging in the balance are the definition and structure of marriage--arguably our most venerable and vitally important social institution--and the validity of a referendum in which millions of Californian voters, exercising their state constitutional rights, sought to resolve these questions through the democratic process. Also at issue is the constitutional standard governing claims of discrimination brought by gays and lesbians. These issues are profoundly important not just to the parties here, but to tens of millions of people throughout California and indeed the Nation. Although this case has the potential to definitively resolve these weighty issues, it also has the potential to resolve almost nothing while generating enormous uncertainty across California. The Government Defendants who are currently parties to the lawsuit have all taken positions that are either agnostic regarding, or affirmatively hostile to, the constitutionality of Proposition 8. It has thus fallen to Defendant-Intervenors to defend this important constitutional provision. But because the standing of Defendant-Intervenors to appeal from a ruling holding Proposition 8 unconstitutional has been called into question (see Doc. # 148 at 15), the very real possibility exists that none of the current parties to this case would be both willing and able to appeal such a ruling by this Court (or to seek Supreme Court review of such a ruling by the Court of Appeals). The result could be total confusion. Proposed Intervenors are undoubtedly right that this Court's judgment would not bind non-parties and would lack controlling precedential effect. See Doc # 311 at 17-18; see also 18 JAMES WM. MOORE ET AL., MOORE'S FEDERAL PRACTICE 134.02[1][d] (3d ed. 2009) ("A decision of a federal district court judge is not binding precedent in either a different judicial district, the same judicial district, or even upon the same judge in a different 1 DEFENDANT-INTERVENORS' MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF PROPOSED INTERVENORS' MOTION TO INTERVENE CASE NO. 09-CV-2292 VRW Case3:09-cv-02292-VRW Document331 Filed12/30/09 Page4 of 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 case."). Thus, an unappealable ruling by this Court against Proposition 8 would obligate the clerks in Alameda and Los Angeles counties to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples, but would not obligate other clerks to do the same. Indeed, given the California Supreme Court's ruling in Lockyer v. City and County of San Francisco, 95 P.3d 459 (Cal. 2004), it is by no means certain that other clerks would be free to disregard Proposition 8 absent a binding judgment, or at least a precedential ruling, holding it unconstitutional. To be sure, this Court might also enjoin the Governor, Attorney General, and other state defendants to direct county clerks across California to issue licenses to same-sex couples. But that would likely precipitate dozens of declaratory judgment actions--either in state superior courts or other federal district courts--by state officials seeking to enforce, or by county clerks seeking to resist, such directives in the numerous counties like Imperial where Proposition 8 passed overwhelmingly. See Doc. # 311-1 at 5 (describing 70% support for Prop. 8 in Imperial County). This Court's ruling would not control those cases. The consequence--perhaps for years--could be a patchwork of conflicting marriage standards in California's numerous counties. Nothing could be further from this Court's oft-stated intentions. The Court has repeatedly expressed its understanding that "this case is only touching down in this court, that it will have life after this Court, and what happens here, in many ways, is only a prelude to what is going to happen later" on appeal. July 2, 2009 Transcript of Hearing at 12:2-7. Accordingly, this Court has indicated that its "objective in this proceeding, as much as any other objective, is the preparation of a record which will allow appellate review of th[e] issue[s]" in this case. December 16, 2009 Transcript of Hearing at 114:13-21. It would be a colossal waste of time and resources--party, attorney, and judicial--if the extensive proceedings in this Court turn out to be a "prelude" to nothing more than an unappealable ruling that results in confusion and separate, additional litigation on the questions at issue here. Simply put, Proposed Intervenors are plainly correct that the issues presented by this case undoubtedly warrant definitive resolution by the Court of Appeals and perhaps even the Supreme Court. The proposed intervention should be granted because it seeks only to ensure appellate standing so as to foreclose an inconclusive outcome that no one should want. Since Proposed 2 DEFENDANT-INTERVENORS' MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF PROPOSED INTERVENORS' MOTION TO INTERVENE CASE NO. 09-CV-2292 VRW Case3:09-cv-02292-VRW Document331 Filed12/30/09 Page5 of 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Intervenors do not seek to actively participate in discovery or trial and will likely adopt the Defendant-Intervenors' post-trial legal arguments (Doc # 311 at 9-10), no party has been prejudiced by the timing of the proposed intervention. Accordingly, the motion is timely under the flexible standards governing intervention. As Proposed Intervenors demonstrate, it is well established that even post-trial intervention can be timely when the object is to ensure appellate review. See Doc # 311 at 13 (citing cases); see also, e.g., Pellegrino v. Nesbit, 203 F.2d 463, 46566 (9th Cir. 1953) ("Intervention should be allowed even after a final judgment where it is necessary to preserve some right which cannot otherwise be protected [such as] the right to appeal from the judgments entered on the merits by the District Court."). And there can be no doubt that the Proposed Intervenors satisfy the additional requirements for intervention. Indeed, the passive or outright hostile positions of the Government Defendants are plainly inadequate to represent Proposed Intervenors' interests in a definitive and timely resolution of Proposition 8's constitutionality. CONCLUSION For these reasons and those stated in the motion to intervene, Proposed Intervenors' motion should be granted. Dated: December 30, 2009 COOPER AND KIRK, PLLC ATTORNEYS FOR DEFENDANT-INTERVENORS DENNIS HOLLINGSWORTH, GAIL J. KNIGHT, MARTIN F. GUTIERREZ, HAK-SHING WILLIAM TAM, MARK A. JANSSON, AND PROTECTMARRIAGE.COM YES ON 8, A PROJECT OF CALIFORNIA RENEWAL By: /s/Charles J. Cooper Charles J. Cooper 3 DEFENDANT-INTERVENORS' MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF PROPOSED INTERVENORS' MOTION TO INTERVENE CASE NO. 09-CV-2292 VRW