"The Apple iPod iTunes Anti-Trust Litigation"

Filing 48

Compendium of Non-Federal Authorities in Support of plaintiff's motion for leavr to file a 2nd amended complaint filed byThomas William Slattery. (cv, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 3/17/2006)

"The Apple iPod iTunes Anti-Trust Litigation" Doc. 48 Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page1 of 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 John C. Gorman, #91515 GORMAN & MILLER, P.C. 210 North Fourth Street, Suite 200 San Jose, CA 95112 (408) 297-2222 (phone) (408) 297-2224 (fax) Attorneys for Plaintiff HELIO MEDICAL SUPPLIES, INC. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 HELIO MEDICAL SUPPLIES, INC., a California corporation; 11 Plaintiff, 12 v. 13 UPC MEDICAL SUPPLIES, INC., a 14 California corporation, d.b.a. United Pacific 15 Company; 16 17 18 Defendant. Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO SEPARATE STATEMENT OF DISPUTED DISCOVERY REQUESTS; REQUEST FOR SANCTIONS Date: Time: Place: Sept. 30, 2003 10:00 a.m. Ct. 5 Hon. Patricia V. Trumbull Plaintiff Helio Medical Supplies, Inc. ("Helio") submits the 19 following separate statement of disputed document requests in 20 opposition to the motion to compel filed by defendant UPC Medical 21 Supplies, Inc. ("UPC") seeking further document responses and 22 interrogatory answers from Helio. 23 24 DOCUMENTS REQUESTS AND RESPONSES IN DISPUTE 25 DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 1: 26 All documents supporting your allegation that Helio 27 contracts for the photographing, developing and other production 28 of the product photographs and layouts appearing in all of 1 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Dockets.Justia.com Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page2 of 13 1 Helio's catalogs during the relevant dates. 2 RESPONSE TO DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 1: 3 Responding party objects that this request is vague, 4 irrelevant, overbroad, unduly burdensome, oppressive, harassing, 5 and unlimited as to time. Plaintiff is prepared to meet and 6 confer with defendant about this request. 7 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 8 This document request is moot as the requested documents 9 have already been produced. 10 Following the parties' meet and confer session on July 15, 11 2003, Helio agreed to make these documents available for inspection 12 and copying by UPC. However, Gorman indicated that compilation of 13 the requested documents would involve a substantial effort as many 14 of the materials date back almost 10 years. Helio's counsel, John 15 Gorman, subsequently informed UPC's counsel, Ksenya Medvedev, by 16 phone that these materials were available. 17 On August 6, 2003, Gorman sent Medvedev an e-mail reciting 18 that "I have previously advised you on multiple occasions that 19 Helio's documents are available to be reviewed at my office in 20 San Jose. (I did not promise to mail the documents to you). You 21 indicated that you would plan to make arrangements to inspect the 22 documents but have never done so. 23 and available for you to inspect. The documents are still here I am still waiting for you to 24 let me know when you want to look at Helio's documents." 25 On August 14, 2003, Gorman faxed Medvedev a letter stating 26 that "Helio's documents are and have been available for your 27 review in San Jose, yet UPC has never availed itself of the 28 opportunity to conduct such an inspection." 2 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page3 of 13 1 UPC's counsel finally made arrangements to have a professional 2 copy service, Ikon, make photocopies of Helio's documents on August 3 28, 2003. 4 5 DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 2: 6 All documents showing costs associated with the production UPC now has copies of all of the pertinent materials. 7 of all photographs which you allege UPC has misappropriated from 8 Helio. 9 RESPONSE TO DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 2: 10 Responding party objects that this request is vague, 11 irrelevant, overbroad, unduly burdensome, oppressive, harassing, 12 and unlimited as to time. Plaintiff is prepared to meet and 13 confer with defendant about this request. 14 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 15 These materials were included among the materials produced The documents had been available for See discussion concerning 16 to UPC on August 28, 2003. 17 UPC to review since late July 2003. 18 Document Request No. 1. 19 20 DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 18: 21 All documents which form the basis for Helio's entitlement 22 to an award of attorney's fees as alleged in the Complaint. 23 RESPONSE TO DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 18: 24 Helio objects that this request is vague, ambiguous, 25 overbroad, unduly burdensome, oppressive, harassing, and fails to 26 specify the documents being sought with reasonable particularity. 27 Without waiver of these objections, Helio states that its prayer 28 for attorneys' fees is statutory, not based on a contractual 3 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page4 of 13 1 agreement. 2 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 3 4 Helio's objections are well taken. It is not clear what documents are being sought by UPC as UPC seems to be 5 the wording of this request is unduly vague. 6 trying to elicit the stautory basis upon which Helio is 7 requesting legal fees, yet this is not an interrogatory. In any 8 event, the Lanham Act provides for recovery of attorneys' fees in 9 "exceptional cases." 15 U.S.C. 1117(a). Attorneys' fees are 10 also recoverable under state law doctrines such as "private 11 attorney general" and "tort of another" theories. There are no 12 "documents" that Helio can produce that say this -- other than 13 perhaps a copy of a statute or case law. 14 function of a document request. 15 The only other documents that might potentially bear on That is not a proper 16 Helio's "entitlement to attorneys' fees" would be the billing 17 records of Helio's counsel. Such materials are not relevant to 18 the issues presently before the court and are protected by the 19 attorney-client privilege and the work product doctrine (as they 20 would reveal what legal work and research has been undertaken). 21 22 DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 19: 23 All documents relating to any sale forecast, budget and/or 24 business plan for Helio and products sold by Helio for any period 25 prepared by or for Helio during the relevant period. 26 RESPONSE TO DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 19: 27 Responding party objects that this request is vague, 28 compound, irrelevant, overbroad, unduly burdensome, oppressive, 4 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page5 of 13 1 harassing, calls for trade secrets, and is unlimited as to time. 2 Plaintiff is prepared to meet and confer with defendant about 3 this request. 4 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 5 Helio's counsel agreed to look into whether Helio has any According to Helio's management, it does not 6 such documents. 7 utilize sales forecasts or budgets and thus has no responsive 8 documents. Helio is willing to provide a supplemental response 9 to this effect. 10 11 DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 21: 12 Documents sufficient to identify all of Helio's customers, 13 whether current or prospective, relations with whom you allege 14 have been interfered with by UPC. 15 RESPONSE TO DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 21: 16 Responding party objects that this request is vague, 17 irrelevant, overbroad, unduly burdensome, oppressive, harassing, 18 calls for trade secrets, and fails to specify the documents being 19 sought with reasonable particularity. In addition, this request This is a 20 appears to call for confidential trade secrets. 21 document request, not an interrogatory. 22 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 23 Helio does not know what this document request is supposed Helio has no documents listing the customers with If that is what UPC wants, 24 to be seeking. 25 which UPC has supposedly interfered. 26 there are no responsive documents. 27 Moreover, this document request is not relevant. It is not 28 necessary for a plaintiff to identify the specific customers who 5 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page6 of 13 1 were misled by the defendant's false advertising: "Such evidence 2 is not a sine qua non of a Lanham Act claim, but rather goes to 3 the quantum of proof." Grant Airmass Corp. v. Gaymar Industries, Cf., Mishawaka 4 Inc., 645 F. Supp. 1507, 1514 (S.D.N.Y. 1986). 5 Rubber & Woolen Manufacturing Co. v. S.S. Kresge Co., 316 U.S. 6 203 (1942)(plaintiff not required to prove that particular 7 customers would have bought from plaintiff but for defendant's 8 misconduct; all of the infringer's sales are presumed to be 9 attributable to the infringement unless rebutted by evidence 10 produced by the defendant). This appears to be another attempt 11 by UPC to use a document request as if it were an interrogatory. 12 That is not proper. 13 Finally, to the extent that this request can be read as calling 14 for production of Helio's entire customer list (an interpretation 15 not articulated by UPC), that would also be irrelevant and calls for 16 trade secret information. 17 18 DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 23: 19 Any documents and things, including, but not limited to, 20 product samples, packaging, purchase orders, products received 21 and/or ordered, supporting your allegation that products 22 delivered by UPC are different from "inauthentic," or of lesser 23 quality than the products shown in UPC's catalogs. 24 RESPONSE TO DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 23: 25 All such documents and materials have been identified and 26 produced as part of Helio's Initial Disclosure or are available 27 for inspection as the offices of Gorman & Miller, P.C. 28 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 6 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page7 of 13 1 Helio acquired a sample of each imitation product and 2 produced the pertinent invoice as part of its Initial Disclosure. 3 The actual product samples and shipping boxes were produced for 4 inspection on August 28, 2003, at which time Ikon took digital 5 photographs of the various products and shipping containers. 6 Such items had been available for inspection by UPC's See discussion concerning Document 7 counsel since late July 2003. 8 Request No. 1. 9 10 DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 25: 11 All correspondence and documents to or from you concerning 12 any communications regarding UPC or the present action. 13 RESPONSE TO DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 25: 14 Responding party objects that this request is vague, 15 unclear, overbroad, unduly burdensome, oppressive, and harassing. 16 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 17 This request is overbroad and improper to the extent that it 18 calls for all communications about the "present action" (which 19 could potentially call for attorney-client privileged materials 20 and work product). Aside from these types of documents, Helio 21 produced all documents in its possession that relate to UPC on 22 August 28, 2003. 23 24 DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 27: 25 Documents identifying Helio's source of all the Helio's Thus, this request is now moot. 26 Products, including the name and address of each such source. 27 RESPONSE TO DOCUMENT REQUEST NO. 27: 28 Responding party objects that this request is vague, 7 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page8 of 13 1 overbroad, unduly burdensome, oppressive, harassing, calls for 2 work product, calls for trade secrets, and fails to specify the 3 documents being sought with reasonable particularity. 4 document request, not an interrogatory. 5 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 6 Once again, UPC appears to be trying to use a document If UPC wants to know the identities This is a 7 request as an interrogatory. 8 of the various vendors from which Helio has acquired the products 9 that are in dispute, that may well be appropriate. However, it 10 is patently unreasonable for UPC to demand that Helio produce 11 every document that relates to every one of these vendors. No 12 good cause exists for requiring that Helio undertake such an 13 unreasonable burden. 14 If read literally, this request would require Helio to 15 produce countless documents extending over a period of more than 16 10 years. Moreover, some of the vendors in question supply 17 multiple items to Helio that have nothing to do with the pirated 18 artwork. The burden of trying to retrieve every invoice, 19 purchase order, email, fax, product catalog, etc. that mentions 20 any comapany that has supplied the disputed goods to Helio is 21 grossly excessive and unreasonable. 22 23 INTERROGATORIES AND RESPONSES IN DISPUTE 24 INTERROGATORY NO. 2: 25 Describe in detail how Helio has suffered and is suffering 26 damage, as alleged in the Complaint, including a statement of the 27 dollar amount of such damages and the exact manner in which such 28 damages were calculated. 8 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page9 of 13 1 RESPONSE TO INTERROGATORY NO. 2: 2 Helio objects that this question calls for expert discovery. Helio 3 Helio has already provided UPC with an expert report. 4 notes that UPC has not yet provided its sales and financial 5 information to Helio and that the expert report is subject to 6 amendment. 7 Without waiver of these objections, Helio states that UPC is 8 diverting sales from Helio by falsely claiming to sell the same 9 products as Helio. 10 Every diverted sale is a loss to Helio. Customers are also being given the false impression that UPC 11 offers the same goods as Helio but at lower prices, thereby 12 leading customers to switch their allegiance to UPC. In reality, 13 UPC is substituting different and inferior goods even though it 14 is depicting Helio's products in the UPC catalog. This also 15 injures Helio's reputation as customers come to believe that the 16 products in question are not of good quality. 17 UPC's theft of Helio's artwork also damages Helio because it 18 saves a competitor, UPC, the time and expense of developing UPC's 19 own artwork. 20 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 21 Helio submits that it has provided a full, complete, and Helio has described in 22 meaningful answer to this interrogatory. 23 detail why and how it believes it has been damaged and has also 24 referred UPC to the damage report of its retained expert, Robert 25 Sherwin. 26 Sherwin's extensive expert report was served on June 20, 2003. 27 UPC conducted Sherwin's deposition on August 22, 2003 and has now 28 had a chance to explore the basis for Sherwin's opinions and damage 9 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page10 of 13 1 calculations. 2 Helio further notes that UPC's sales records had not yet been 3 produced to Helio's counsel at the time that this interrogatory was 4 propounded. Such records support a disgorgement remedy. If and 5 when the amount of the disgorgement claim is quantified, Helio would 6 be happy be provide a supplemental response. 7 8 INTERROGATORY NO. 3: 9 Describe and identify all facts, evidence and documents that 10 support your contention that UPC has violated the Lanham Act, 15 11 U.S. C. 1125. 12 RESPONSE TO INTERROGATORY NO. 3: 13 Helio objects to this interrogatory as being overbroad, 14 unduly burdensome, oppressive, harassing, and calling for work 15 product and legal analysis. In addition, this interrogatory is 16 compound as it actually asks for three types of information. 17 Without waiver of these objections, Helio states that UPC 18 has stolen artwork published by Helio in its catalog and 19 reprinted such artwork in catalogs distributed by UPC. The 20 stolen artwork depicts products offered for sale by Helio, 21 several of which are proprietary to Helio. When customers order 22 the products in questions, UPC does not ship the product depicted 23 but instead substitutes a different and inferior product. UPC 24 has never been authorized to use Helio's artwork or sell any of 25 Helio's proprietary products. 26 UPC's theft of Helio's artwork also damages Helio because it 27 unfairly saves UPC and its management and staff the time and 28 expense of developing its own artwork. 10 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page11 of 13 1 See also Responses to Interrogatory Nos. 1 and 2. 2 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 3 This interrogatory is facially compound and improper to the What 4 extent that it calls for disclosure of "evidence." 5 "evidence" Helio will use to prove a particular point is a matter 6 of work product. 7 Notwithstanding the validity of its objections, Helio 8 submits that it has acted in good faith and provided a full, 9 complete, and meaningful answer to this interrogatory. Helio's 10 answer clearly explains how and why Helio believes that UPC has 11 violated the Lanham Act. 12 [Helio also notes that it has incorporated by reference its 13 response to Interrogatory No. 1, which enumerates the product 14 names and model numbers of each of the products sold by UPC using 15 pirated artwork.] 16 17 INTERROGATORY NO. 9: 18 Identify each photograph that you allege UPC has 19 misappropriated from Helio. 20 RESPONSE TO INTERROGATORY NO. 9: 21 Helio objects that this interrogatory is overbroad, unduly 22 burdensome, oppressive, harassing, and calls for work product. 23 Helio's catalogs have been produced to UPC as part of its Initial 24 Disclosure and are equally available to all parties. The 25 products in question are identified in response to Interrogatory 26 No. 1. 27 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 28 Notwithstanding its inclusion of objections, Helio has fully 11 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page12 of 13 1 answered this interrogatory. Every one of the products in 2 question is listed in Helio's response to Interrogatory No. 1. 3 Moreover, Helio produced copies of its catalogs and UPC's 4 catalogs containing the stolen artwork as part of its Initial 5 Disclosure. 6 7 INTERROGATORY NO. 10: 8 Identify the source or sources of each Helio's Product. 9 RESPONSE TO INTERROGATORY NO. 10: 10 Helio objects that this interrogatory is vague, compound, 11 irrelevant, overbroad, unduly burdensome, oppressive, harassing, 12 and calls for trade secrets. This question has no possible Helio states that 13 relevance as to the nonproprietary products. 14 it is the source of the proprietary products as identified in 15 response to Interrogatory No. 8. 16 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 17 This interrogatory was propounded prior to the entry of a Helio agreed that upon entry of a protective 18 protective order. 19 order, it would provide a supplemental response identifying the 20 suppliers of the disputed products. Rather than wait for Helio's 21 supplemental response to be provided, UPC proceeded to needlessly 22 file this motion to compel. 23 24 INTERROGATORY NO. 11: 25 Identify each statement made or disseminated by UPC which 26 you allege in Paragraph 19 of the Complaint to be untrue or 27 misleading. 28 RESPONSE TO INTERROGATORY NO. 11: 12 Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT Case5:05-cv-00037-JW Document89 Filed12/21/06 Page13 of 13 1 See Response to Interrogatory No. 3. 2 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 3 Helio's response is proper. Helio's complaint elates to use 4 of stolen artwork. Its response to Interrogatory No. 3 explains 5 the basis for Helio's claim and further references to responses 6 to Interrogatories Nos. 1 (explaining how Helio was damaged) and 7 2 (listing each of the products as to which UPC stole Helio's 8 artwork). 9 10 INTERROGATORY NO. 13: 11 Identify the basis for Helio's contention that it has 12 standing to assert the Fourth Cause of Action in the Complaint, 13 including in the identification the statutory or judicial 14 authority. 15 RESPONSE TO INTERROGATORY NO. 13: 16 The basis is Cal. Health & Safety Code 110390. UPC has 17 violated this statute. Both Helio and the public have been 18 damaged by UPC's conduct. 19 HELIO'S RESPONSE: 20 Helio's response is full and complete. The statutory basis 21 for the claim asserted in the fourth cause of Action is identified. 22 This is the question posed by UPC. 23 24 25 26 27 28 13 By GORMAN & MILLER, P.C. JOHN C. GORMAN Attorneys for Plaintiff Helio Medical Supplies, Inc. Plaintiff's Response to Separate Statement of Disputed Discovery Request, Case No. C02-03860 JW PVT