Sandmeirer v. Co. Division of Wildlife
ORDER of DISMISSAL. Complaint and action are dismissed. Leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal is denied without prejudice, by Judge Lewis T. Babcock on 5/21/12. (gmssl, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 12-cv-01262-BNB
TERRY R. SANDMEIER,
CO. DIVISION OF WILDLIFE, now known as Co. Park & Wildlife,
ORDER OF DISMISSAL
Plaintiff, Terry R. Sandmeier, has filed pro se a Complaint (ECF No. 2) in which
he contends that Defendant has violated his rights under the United States Constitution.
He seeks damages as relief.
Mr. Sandmeier has been granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to
28 U.S.C. § 1915 in this action. Pursuant to § 1915(e)(2)(B)(iii), the Court must dismiss
any claims in which Mr. Sandmeier is seeking monetary relief from a defendant who is
immune from such relief. For the reasons stated below, the Court will dismiss the
Complaint pursuant to § 1915(e)(2)(B)(iii).
The Court must construe the Complaint liberally because Mr. Sandmeier is not
represented by an attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Hall v.
Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). If the Complaint reasonably can be read
“to state a valid claim on which the plaintiff could prevail, [the Court] should do so
despite the plaintiff’s failure to cite proper legal authority, his confusion of various legal
theories, his poor syntax and sentence construction, or his unfamiliarity with pleading
requirements.” Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110. However, the Court should not be an advocate
for a pro se litigant. See id.
Mr. Sandmeier alleges that he was ticketed by a Colorado Division of Wildlife
officer while guiding a client on a hunt in 2006. Mr. Sandmeier ultimately was charged
with three offenses in the County Court of Clear Creek County, Colorado. On May 15,
2007, he entered a guilty plea to hunting out of season and the other charges were
dismissed. Mr. Sandmeier apparently claims in this action that his rights under the
United States Constitution were violated because the potential penalties for the charges
that were dismissed were so severe that they constitute cruel and unusual punishment
and denied him due process. Construing the Complaint liberally, it appears that Mr.
Sandmeier asserts his claims against Defendant pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Although the precise claims Mr. Sandmeier is asserting against Defendant are
not entirely clear, it is clear that Mr. Sandmeier may not sue Defendant in this action
pursuant to § 1983. Defendant is a division within the Colorado Department of Natural
Resources. See Colo. Rev. Stat. § 24-1-124(3)(k)(II)(A). As a result, Defendant is
protected by Eleventh Amendment immunity. See Will v. Michigan Dep’t of State
Police, 491 U.S. 58, 66 (1989).
“It is well established that absent an unmistakable waiver by the state of its
Eleventh Amendment immunity, or an unmistakable abrogation of such immunity by
Congress, the amendment provides absolute immunity from suit in federal courts for
states and their agencies.” Ramirez v. Oklahoma Dep’t of Mental Health, 41 F.3d 584,
588 (10th Cir. 1994). The State of Colorado has not waived its Eleventh Amendment
immunity, see Griess v. Colorado, 841 F.2d 1042, 1044-45 (10th Cir. 1988), and
congressional enactment of 42 U.S.C. § 1983 did not abrogate Eleventh Amendment
immunity. See Quern v. Jordan, 440 U.S. 332, 340-345 (1979). Therefore, Mr.
Sandmeier’s claims will be dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(iii).
Furthermore, the Court certifies pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any
appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith and therefore in forma pauperis
status will be denied for the purpose of appeal. See Coppedge v. United States, 369
U.S. 438 (1962). If Plaintiff files a notice of appeal he also must pay the full $455
appellate filing fee or file a motion to proceed in forma pauperis in the United States
Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit within thirty days in accordance with Fed. R. App.
P. 24. Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that the Complaint and the action are dismissed pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(iii) because Plaintiff is seeking relief from a Defendant who is
entitled to immunity. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal is
denied without prejudice to the filing of a motion seeking leave to proceed in forma
pauperis on appeal in the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.
DATED at Denver, Colorado, this
BY THE COURT:
s/Lewis T. Babcock
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, Senior Judge
United States District Court