Liggon et al v. Bank of America Mortgage
MEMORANDUM OPINION Dismissing the Complaint for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, and Denying the Motion for Emergency Injunctive Relief (D.I. 7 ). Signed by Judge Richard G. Andrews on 9/24/2012. (nms)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF DELAWARE
STEWART LIGGON, et al.,
Civ. No. 12-827-RGA
BANK OF AMERICA MORTGAGE,
Stewart Liggon, Elizabeth Liggon, Minors S, D & K, Voorhees, New Jersey, ProSe
September ~lf. 2012
Plaintiffs Stewart Liggon, Elizabeth Liggon ("Liggon"), and Minors S, 0 & K
("Plaintiffs") filed this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332 asserting jurisdiction by
reason of diversity of the parties and discrimination in the mortgage loan process. They
appear pro se and Elizabeth Liggon has been granted leave to proceed in forma
pauperis. (0.1. 6.) The Court proceeds to review and screen the Complaint pursuant to
28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(b).
Liggon has prepared the pleadings before the Court. Plaintiffs allege
discriminatory acts during the "mortgage loan process, mortgage refinance process,
modification process, trespassing and stealing Plaintiffs' belonging from home." (0.1.
2.) They seek retention of their home "free and clear, replacement of all property
stolen." (/d.) In addition, Liggon recently filed a motion for emergency injunctive relief.
This Court must dismiss, at the earliest practicable time, certain in forma
pauperis actions that are frivolous, malicious, or fail to state a claim upon which relief
may be granted. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). The Court must accept all factual
allegations in a complaint as true and take them in the light most favorable to a pro se
plaintiff. See Phillips v. County of Allegheny, 515 F.3d 224, 229 (3d Cir. 2008). An
action is frivolous if it "lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact." Neitzke v.
Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i), a court may
dismiss a complaint as frivolous if it is "based on an indisputably meritless legal theory"
or a "clearly baseless" or "fantastic or delusional" factual scenario. Neitzke, 490 U.S. at
The legal standard for dismissing a complaint for failure to state a claim pursuant
to§ 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) is identical to the legal standard used when ruling on Rule 12(b)(6)
motions. See Tourscher v. McCullough, 184 F.3d 236, 240 (3d Cir. 1999). However,
before dismissing a complaint or claims for failure to state a claim upon which relief
may be granted pursuant to the screening provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1915, the Court
must grant Liggon leave to amend the complaint, unless amendment would be
inequitable or futile. See Grayson v. Mayview State Hosp., 293 F.3d 103, 114 (3d Cir.
A well-pleaded complaint must contain more than mere labels and conclusions.
See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009); Bell At/. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544
(2007). The assumption of truth is inapplicable to legal conclusions or to "[t]hreadbare
recitals of the elements of a cause of action supported by mere conclusory statements."
Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678. When determining whether dismissal is appropriate, the court
conducts a two-part analysis. Fowler v. UPMC Shadyside, 578 F.3d 203, 210 (3d Cir.
2009). First, the factual and legal elements of a claim are separated. /d. The Court
must accept all of the complaint's well-pleaded facts as true, but may disregard any
legal conclusions. /d. at 210-11.
Second, the Court must determine whether the facts alleged in the complaint are
sufficient to show that the plaintiff has a "plausible claim for relief." Fowler, 578 F.3d at
211. In other words, the complaint must do more than allege the plaintiffs entitlement
to relief; rather, it must "show" such an entitlement with its facts. /d. A claim is facially
plausible when its factual content allows the Court to draw a reasonable inference that
the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged. See Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678. The
plausibility standard "asks for more than a sheer possibility that a defendant has acted
unlawfully." /d. "Where a complaint pleads facts that are 'merely consistent with' a
defendant's liability, it 'stops short of the line between possibility and plausibility of
'entitlement to relief."' /d. (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570).
Because Liggon proceeds pro se, the pleading is liberally construed and the
Complaint, "however inartfully pleaded, must be held to less stringent standards than
formal pleadings drafted by lawyers." Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007)
(internal quotation marks omitted).
The Complaint contains scant, vague, and conclusory allegations. The
Complaint does not indicate where the real estate at issue is located, who owns the real
estate, what took place to cause Liggon to allege "discrimination" in a conclusory
manner, or when the alleged discriminatory conduct took place. The Complaint as it is
now pled fails to meet the pleading requirements of Twombly and Iqbal.
Similarly, Liggon failed to provide sufficient information for this Court to
determine if injunctive relief is appropriate. Four factors govern the Court's decision
whether to issue a preliminary injunction. To obtain an injunction, Plaintiffs must
demonstrate (1) that they are reasonably likely to prevail eventually in the litigation and
(2) that they are likely to suffer irreparable injury without relief. See Tenafly Eruv Ass'n,
Inc. v. Borough of Tenafly, 309 F.3d 144, 157 (3d Cir. 2002). If these two threshold
showings are made then the Court considers, to the extent relevant, (3) whether an
injunction would harm Defendant more than denying relief would harm Plaintiffs and (4)
whether granting relief would serve the public interest. /d. Liggon has not
demonstrated that injunctive relief is appropriate. Therefore, the Court will deny the
motion (D.I. 7).
For the above reasons, the Court will dismiss the Complaint for failure to state a
claim upon which relief may be granted pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).
Plaintiff will be given leave to file an Amended Complaint and to cure any pleading
defects. The Court will deny the Motion for Emergency Injunctive Relief (D. I. 7).
An appropriate order will be entered.