Willoughby v. Simpson
MEMORANDUM ORDER: DENYING petitioner's 59 MOTION for Leave to File Supplemental Reply. Signed by Judge David L. Bunning on 11/28/12.(KJR)cc: COR
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY
CIVIL ACTION NO. 08-179-DLB
THOMAS L. SIMPSON, Warden
*** *** *** ***
This matter is before the Court on Petitioner’s Motion for Leave to Supplement
Reply/Response to Respondent’s Answer/Motion for Summary Judgment in light of
Martinez v. Ryan (Doc. # 59). The motion has been fully briefed (Docs. # 60, 61) and is
ripe for consideration. For the following reasons, Petitioner’s motion is denied.
Although Petitioner’s motion is styled as a motion for leave to supplement his reply,
Petitioner actually presents two requests to the Court. First, Petitioner seeks leave to
supplement his reply to provide additional briefing on his ineffective assistance of trial
counsel claim. In the tendered supplement (Doc. # 59-2), Petitioner relies on Martinez v.
Ryan, 132 S.Ct. 1309 (2012), to argue that his initial post-conviction counsel’s ineffective
assistance serves as cause to excuse the otherwise defaulted ineffective assistance of trial
counsel claim. In related fashion, Petitioner’s also moves the Court to “hear evidence”
before determining whether to excuse the procedurally defaulted ineffective assistance of
trial counsel claim. However, Martinez v. Ryan has no relevance to Petitioner’s ineffective
assistance of trial counsel claim because, as the parties now agree, the claim is not
procedurally defaulted. (See Docs. # 60 at 4, 61 at 3-4).
A claim is procedurally defaulted if the “habeas petitioner fails to obtain consideration
of [the] claim by a state court, either due to the petitioner’s failure to raise the claim before
the state courts while state-court remedies are still available or due to a state procedural
rule that prevents the state courts from reaching the merits of the petitioner’s claim . . . .”
Seymour v. Walker, 224 F.3d 542, 549-50 (6th Cir. 2000) (citing Wainwright v. Sykes, 433
U.S. 72, 90, 94-87 (1977); Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 275-78 (1971)). Here,
Petitioner’s ineffective assistance of trial counsel claim is not procedurally defaulted
because he presented the claim in a post-conviction motion pursuant to Rcr. 11.42, which
was adjudicated on its merits by the circuit judge and on appeal by the Kentucky Supreme
Court. Willoughby v. Commonwealth, No. 2005-SC-0115-MR, 2006 WL 3751392, at **1,
3-7 (Ky. Dec. 21, 2006). In a nine-page opinion, the Kentucky Supreme Court divided
Petitioner’s ineffective assistance of counsel claim into three sub-claims, and then applied
the standard announced in Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668 (1984) to each subclaim. Willoughby, 2006 WL 3751392, at **3-7. The court ultimately concluded that
Petitioner “was not denied any of his federal or state constitutional rights to effective
assistance of counsel . . .” and, therefore, affirmed the trial court’s merits-based ruling. Id.
Because Petitioner’s ineffective assistance of trial counsel claim was adjudicated on
its merits by the state court, Martinez v. Ryan has no relevance to this Court’s adjudication
of the claim on habeas review. In Martinez v. Ryan, the Supreme Court addressed the
limited question of “whether ineffective assistance in an initial-review collateral proceeding
on a claim of ineffective assistance at trial may provide cause for a procedural default in
a federal habeas proceeding.” 132 S.Ct. 1309, 1315 (2012). That issue simply has no
bearing on Petitioner’s ineffective assistance of trial counsel claim. As a result, Petitioner’s
motion for leave to file a supplemental reply to address the applicability of Martinez v. Ryan
to his ineffective assistance of counsel claim is denied.
Likewise, Martinez does not offer any justification for the Court to allow Petitioner
to submit additional evidence in support of his ineffective assistance of counsel claim.
When a claim has been adjudicated on its merits by the state court, the federal habeas
court is limited to examining the record before the state court in determining whether the
adjudication “resulted in” a decision that was contrary to, or “involved” an unreasonable
application of, established law. Cullen v. Pinholster, 131 S.Ct. 1388, 1398 (2011).
Although Petitioner argues that his post-conviction counsel was ineffective in failing to fully
develop his ineffective assistance of trial counsel claim, the Martinez decision does not
modify the holding in Pinholster; therefore, this federal habeas court is limited to reviewing
the state-court record in adjudicating his claim. See Halvorsen v. Parker, No. 08-484-DLB,
2012 WL 5866595, at *2-3 (E.D. Ky. Nov. 19, 2012). Any evidence submitted in support
of the ineffective assistance of counsel claim cannot be considered and, therefore,
expanding the record would be futile. As a result, Petitioner’s request to expand the record
is also denied. Accordingly,
IT IS ORDERED that Petitioner’s Motion for Leave to Supplement Reply/Response
to Respondent’s Answer/Motion for Summary Judgment in light of Martinez v. Ryan (Doc.
# 59) is hereby denied.
This 28th day of November, 2012.
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