Whitefish Credit Union v. Johnson et al
ORDER ADOPTING FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS - granting 4 Motion to Remand and Plaintiff's request for an award of fees and costs (doc. 5) is DENIED. Signed by Judge Dana L. Christensen on 11/1/2012. (APP, ) Copy mailed to Pltfs this date.
CIefk, u.s DiItricI Court
DiItricI or MonIaIIa
IN 1HE UNITED STATES DIS1RICT COURT
FOR 1HE DIS1RICT OF MONT ANA
WHITEFISH CREDIT UNION,
SANDRA R. JOHNSON, et aI.,
This foreclosure action was commenced in state court in February 201 L
The Johnsons removed the case to federal court in September 2012 alleging
diversity and federal question jurisdiction. Plaintiff Whitefish Credit Union
moved to remand for lack of subject matter jurisdiction and failure to comply with
the procedural requirements of the federal removal statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1441.
United States Magistrate Judge Jeremiah C. Lynch entered Findings and
Recommendations on the motion to remand on October 3,2012. The parties did
not file objections to the Findings and Recommendation, and so have waived the
right to de novo review. 28 U.S.c. § 636(b)(I). The Findings and
Recommendations are instead reviewed for clear error. McDonnell Douglas Corp.
v. Commodore Bus. Mach., Inc., 656 F.2d 1309,1313 (9th Cir. 1981). Clear error
exists if the Court is left with a "definite and firm conviction that a mistake has
been committed." United States v. Syrax, 235 F.3d 422, 427 (9th Cir. 2000).
Judge Lynch found that the Johnsons have not met their burden of
establishing that this Court has diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 nor
federal question jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1331. He found that the Plaintiff's
motion to remand should be granted because Defendants did not meet their burden
of establishing subject matter jurisdiction for purposes of removal to federal court.
Further, he found that the Plaintiffs request for an award of attorney fees and
costs pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 144 7(c) should be denied due to Defendants' status
as pro se litigants and their reasonable belief that removal was appropriate.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED:
1. Judge Lynch's Findings and Recommendation (doc. 14) are adopted in
2. Plaintiffs motion to remand (doc. 4) is GRANTED. Plaintiffs request
for an award offees and costs (doc. 5) is DENIED.
The Clerk of Court is directed to remand this case to the Montana Twentieth
Judicial District Court, Lake County, Montana.
DATED this..L day of November 012.
Dana L. Christensen, Distr ct Judge
United States District Court