Arista Records LLC et al v. Lime Wire LLC et al
RULE 56.1 STATEMENT. Document filed by M.J.G. Lime Wire Family Limited Partnership, Lime Group LLC, Mark Gorton, Greg Bildson. (Baker, Charles)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK ARISTA RECORDS LLC; ATLANTIC RECORDING CORPORATION; BMG MUSIC; CAPITOL RECORDS, INC.; ELEKTRA ENTERTAINMENT GROUP INC.; INTERSCOPE RECORDS; LAFACE RECORDS LLC; MOTOWN RECORD COMPANY, L.P.; PRIORITY RECORDS LLC; SONY BMG MUSIC ENTERTAINMENT; UMG RECORDINGS, INC.; VIRGIN RECORDS AMERICA, INC.; and WARNER BROS. RECORDS INC., Plaintiffs, v. LIME GROUP LLC; LIME WIRE LLC; MARK GORTON; GREG BILDSON, and M.J.G. LIME WIRE FAMILY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP Defendants. STATEMENT OF MATERIAL FACTS PURSUANT TO LOCAL RULE 56.1(a) IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANTS GREG BILDSON, MARK GORTON, LIME GROUP LLC, AND M.J.G. LIME WIRE FAMILY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT Of counsel: Lauren E. Handler SDNY (LEH 6908) PORZIO, BROMBERG & NEWMAN, P.C. 100 Southgate Parkway P.O. Box 1997 Morristown, NJ 07962-1997 (973) 538-5146 (Facsimile) (973) 889-4326 (Telephone) email@example.com Charles S. Baker (CB1365) Joseph D. Cohen (JC3017) Susan K. Hellinger (SH8148) PORTER & HEDGES, LLP 1000 Main Street, 36th Floor Houston, Texas 77002 (713) 226-6000 (Telephone) (713) 228-1331 (Facsimile) firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Attorneys for Defendants
CIVIL ACTION NO. 06 CV. 5936 (GEL)
Pursuant to Rule 56.1(a) of the Local Rules of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, Defendants Lime Group LLC ("LG"), Mark Gorton ("Gorton"), Greg Bildson ("Bildson"), and the M.J.G. Lime Wire Family Limited Partnership ("FLP") contend that there is no genuine issue to be tried with respect to the following material facts: A. GREG BILDSON ("BILDSON") 1. Bildson is the Chief Technology Officer ("CTO") and the former Chief
Operating Officer "(COO") of LW. Declaration of Gregory L. Bildson ("Bildson Decl.") at ¶ 2. 2. Bildson has been the CTO since the Fall of 2000, and was the COO from
May, 2001 to May, 2008. Id. 3. Bildson is one of many software developers at LW who, among other
things, have assisted in the development of the software program called "LimeWire." Id. 4. While Bildson was employed at LW, one of his responsibilities was to
assist in the development of the LimeWire software application. Id. at ¶ 3. 5. Bildson is not the chief software developer of the LimeWire software
application. Id. at ¶ 2. 6. Originally, a software developer by the name of Chris Rohrs was hired to
write the code for the first version of LimeWire, which he did in 2000. Id. 7. The initial team of software developers at LW included Bildson, Chris
Rohrs, Adam Fisk, Sumeet Thadani, Rob Soule, Anurag Singla, and Tarun Kapoor. Id. at ¶ 4.
Over the years, the LW software development team has changed. Id.
Today, LW's client development team is comprised of more than 10 software developers. Id. 9. There has never been one single person at LW that has led the
development of the LimeWire software. Id. at ¶ 5. 10. The development of LimeWire has been fairly spread out among all of
LW's software developers. Id. 11. With respect to making decisions relating to changes in the features or
functionality of LimeWire, LW's approach has typically been team-based. Id. 12. Like the other developers at LW, Bildson has written certain areas of the
underlying code of the LimeWire program. Id. at ¶ 6. 13. Bildson's principal contribution with respect to LimeWire has been on the
LimeWire Pro purchase system, as well as early contributions to the user interface and features such as magnet link handling. Id. 14. Bildson has never assisted in the preparation of any forecasts, budgets or
financial statements relating to LW. Id. at ¶ 7. 15. 8. 16. Bildson has never had the right or ability to supervise or control what is or Bildson has never had any ownership interest in either LW or LG. Id. at ¶
is not done at LW, especially with respect to the distribution of the LimeWire software. Id. 17. Bildson never knowingly assisted any person to commit copyright
infringement, including any LimeWire user. Id. at ¶ 9.
Bildson has not had any involvement in what LimeWire users use the
software for. Id. 19. Bildson does not have the right or ability to supervise or control what
LimeWire users do with the software. Id. 20. With the exception of a few rare occasions, Bildson has had no direct
contact, including technical support, with LimeWire users. Id. at ¶ 11. 21. Bildson has never provided any technical assistance to any LimeWire
user, nor has he ever assisted any Lime Wire user to directly infringe any copyrights. Id. 22. Bildson does not have any knowledge of what LimeWire users are
searching for or downloading at any given time. Id. B. MARK GORTON ("GORTON") 23. Mark Gorton is the Chairman of LW and LG. Declaration of Mark Gorton
("Gorton Decl.") at ¶ 2. 24. 25. Gorton was previously the Chief Executive Officer of LW until 2006. Id. Gorton is not a salaried employee of either LW or LG, and does not
presently own a direct interest in either LW or LG. Id. 26. 27. At one point in time, Gorton owned a majority interest in LG. Id. Gorton never had any specific direct contact or conversation with any
LimeWire user in the context of their use of LimeWire. Id. at ¶ 8. 28. Gorton never knowingly provided any technical support or assistance to
any LimeWire user. Id. 29. Gorton never obtained specific, actual knowledge of what LimeWire users
were searching for or downloading. Id.
During the time that Gorton was the CEO of LW, he had very little day-to-
day interactions with LW personnel. Id. at ¶ 10. C. LIME GROUP LLC ("LG") 31. LG is a limited liability management company that provides various
services to several entities with which Gorton is associated, including LW. Gorton Decl. at ¶ 3; Declaration of Jesse Rubenfeld ("Rubenfeld Decl.") at ¶ 3; Declaration of Elizabeth Weiner ("Weiner Decl.") at ¶ 3. 32. At one time, LG owned approximately 87% of LW, but that has not been
the case since the Summer of 2005. Gorton Decl. at ¶ 3; Rubenfeld Decl. at ¶ 3. 33. 34. Currently, LG has 11 employees. Weiner Decl. at ¶ 3. During the time that LG owned an interest in LW, it received periodic
cash distributions from LW, as did the other members of LW. Gorton Decl. at ¶ 5. 35. LG was strictly a silent membership holder in LW, and never had any
direct or indirect input over, or even a voice in, any decision made at LW. Id. 36. To the extent that Gorton ever made any decisions at LW, he did so in his
capacity as LW's CEO, not as a representative of LG. Id. 37. The services that LG provides to these various companies, including LW,
have varied over time. Rubenfeld Decl. at ¶ 4. 38. The services that LG provides have generally included accounting,
maintenance of books and records, and preparation of financial statements. Id.; Weiner Decl. at ¶ 4. 39. ¶ 4. LG has also provided reception and cleaning services. Rubenfeld Decl. at
On the occasions that LG employees have provided services to LW, LW
reimburses LG for these services. Id.; Weiner Decl. at ¶ 4. 41. ¶ 3. 42. LW has its own set of books and records that are kept separate from LG LG is and always has been a separate company from LW. Gorton Decl. at
and any other entity. Rubenfeld Decl. at ¶ 5; Weiner Decl. at ¶ 5. 43. LW maintains its own checking accounts and does not commingle its
assets with LG. Gorton Decl. at ¶ 4; Rubenfeld Decl. at ¶ 5; Weiner Decl. at ¶ 5. 44. LW also prepares its own separate financial statements. Rubenfeld Decl.
at ¶ 5; Weiner Decl. at ¶ 5. 45. Since the tax year 2001, LW has never filed consolidated tax returns with
LG or any other entity. Rubenfeld Decl. at ¶ 5; Weiner Decl. at ¶5. 46. LG does not own or operate any servers associated whatsoever with the
use of the LimeWire software application. Weiner Decl. at ¶ 6; Bildson Decl. at ¶ 13. 47. No LG employee has ever contributed to the development of LimeWire.
Bildson Decl. at ¶ 13. 48. No LG employee has ever assisted or knowingly had direct contact with
any LimeWire users. Bildson Decl. at ¶ 11; Gorton Decl. at ¶ 9. C. M.J.G. LIME WIRE FAMILY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP ("FLP") 49. For many years, Gorton's accountants and tax advisors had recommended
that Gorton consider a variety of estate planning measures. Gorton Decl. at ¶ 6. 50. Eventually Gorton took their advice and met with Kenneth Rubinstein, an
attorney, on January 7, 2005, in order to discuss his estate planning options. Id.
Gorton retained Mr. Rubinstein and his firm to assist him with estate and
tax planning matters. Id. 52. As part of their estate planning advice, in the Summer of 2005, Gorton's
attorneys set up five separate family limited partnerships at the same time, including the FLP. Id.; Ex. 1 to Gorton Decl. 53. Gorton is the general partner of the FLP. Ex. 1 to Gorton Decl. There are
four limited partners in the FLP: Gorton, Jody Gorton, Mira Eve Gorton, and Zachary Kaleb Gorton. Id. 54. The FLP now owns the interest in LW that was previously held by LG.
Gorton Decl. at ¶ 6; Ex. 1 to Gorton Decl. 55. The FLP paid for the LW membership interest in an arms-length
transaction that closed on June 30, 2005. Id.; Weiner Decl. at ¶ 7; Ex. 1 to Gorton Decl. 56. The FLP now receives the periodic cash distributions from LW that
previously would have been paid to LG. Gorton Decl. at ¶ 6. 57. LG was solvent at the time of the transfer of the LW interest to the FLP
and has remained solvent through today. Weiner Decl. at ¶ 7. 58. Gorton did not conceive of this plan to use family limited partnerships in
order to avoid any potential legal exposure to the Plaintiffs in this lawsuit or anyone else. Id. at ¶ 7. 59. At the time Gorton established the FLP, he did not believe that he or LW
would be sued for copyright infringement. Id. 60. The first time Plaintiffs ever threatened Gorton with legal action was by a
letter dated September 13, 2005. Id.; Ex. 2 to Gorton Decl.
Dated: July 18, 2008.
Respectfully Submitted, Of counsel: Lauren E. Handler SDNY (LEH 6908) PORZIO, BROMBERG & NEWMAN, P.C. 100 Southgate Parkway P.O. Box 1997 Morristown, NJ 07962-1997 (973) 538-5146 (Facsimile) (973) 889-4326 (Telephone) email@example.com ____/s/__________________ Charles S. Baker (CB1365) Joseph D. Cohen (JC3017) Susan K. Hellinger (SH8148) PORTER & HEDGES, LLP 1000 Main Street, 36th Floor Houston, Texas 77002 (713) 226-6000 (Telephone) (713) 228-1331 (Facsimile) firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Attorneys for Defendants
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE This is to certify that the foregoing pleading was filed by means of the Court's ECF system on the 18th day of July, 2008. Accordingly, it is assumed that all counsel of record received notice of this filing from the ECF system. Lead counsel, listed below, will also receive a courtesy copy via Federal Express. Katherine B. Forrest Teena-Ann V. Sankoorikal Cravath, Swaine & Moore, LLP Worldwide Plaza 825 Eighth Avenue New York, NY 10019-7475 (212) 474-1000 (212) 474-3700 (fax) Kenneth L. Doroshow Karyn A. Temple Recording Industry Association of America 1025 F Street, NW, 10th Floor Washington, DC 20004 (202) 775-0101 (202) 775-7253 (fax)
____________/s/________________ Charles S. Baker