Arista Records LLC et al v. Lime Wire LLC et al
DECLARATION of Mark Gorton (Public Version) in Opposition re: 242 MOTION for Preliminary Injunction Freezing Defendants' Assets.. Document filed by Mark Gorton, Lime Group LLC, Lime Wire LLC, M.J.G. Lime Wire Family Limited Partnership. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A)(Klausner, Tonia Maria)
Arista Records LLC et al v. Lime Wire LLC et al
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
ARISTA RECORDS et al., Plaintiffs,
CaseNo. 06-CV -5936 (KW) ECF CASE
LIME WIRE LLC, et al., Defendants.
DECLARATION OF MARK GORTON IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANTS' OPPOSITION TO PLAINTIFFS' MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION FREEZING DEFENDANTS' ASSETS I, Mark Gorton, declare as follows: 1. My name is Mark Gorton. I have personal knowledge of the facts set forth herein
and, if called as a witness, I could and would testify competently to them. BACKGROUND 2. I was born in 1966 and grew up in Oradell, New Jersey. I went to public school
in Oradell and graduated valedictorian of my high school class. I then went to Yale University where I studied electrical engineering. I always enjoyed math and science, and I pursued engineering at the suggestion of my father. I graduated in 1988 and went to Stanford University where I received a master's degreein electrical engineering. 3. I focused my engineering studies on circuits and control systems, which entailed a
knowledge of mathematics and had a number of applications in, for example, robotics and aircraft mechanics. My studies also involved digital signal processing which involves the use of computer algorithms to analyze and measure signals using mathematical techniques.
After Stanford, I went to work for Martin Marietta which is now part of Lockheed
Martin. I worked in a division that was tasked with developing sophisticated electronics that would be used for electronic battlefield scenarios. Among other things, I worked with a group of engineers to develop a modem for the U.S. Air Force that could work in the face of enemy signal jamming. 5. I left Martin Marietta after two years and went to pursue an MBA at Harvard
Business School. I had always been interested in business, and I believed that business school was a good way to make the transition from engineering to business. After graduation in 1993, I decided to move to New York City to work as a trader in the fixed income proprietary trading group at Credit SuisseFirst Boston ("CSFB"). 6. My background in engineering and mathematics was good training for trading of
financial instruments, particularly complex derivatives. For example, bonds involve a known series of cash flows over time and their valuation requires a mathematical discipline, building quantitative models and conducting historical studies on fluctuation of prices. I was successful in my trading and out of a number of traders in our group, I was the most profitable trader and the most consistently profitable trader over the course of about four years. My earnings from CSFB formed the basis for my capital which I have compounded over time through my investing. INVOLVEMENT 7. IN BUSINESSES OTHER THAN LIME WIRE
In early 1998, I left CSFB to form Tower ResearchCapital LLC ("Tower
Research"). I was interested in pursuing a variety of trading strategiesthat I wasn't able to do within CSFB, where traders in the fixed income department were not allowed to trade stocks. I invested my earnings from CSFB alongside Alistair Brown, a colleague and fellow engineer.
We rented a loft in Greenwich Village and plugged in our computers to start trading. We also engaged an accountant and a lawyer to help us structure the hedge funds and management company to begin Tower Research,which was founded in March 1998. 8. Tower Researchis a financial servicesfirm specializing in quantitative trading
and investment strategies.
Tower Researchalso became registered as a commodity trading advisor and
commodity pool operator regulated by the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission_ Tower currently employs nearly. investment professionals worldwide, including portfolio managers,operations,
accounting, IT systems,software infrastructure, legal and compliance. 11.
So Alistair and I founded Lime Brokerage LLC to pursue this business opportunity. 12. Lime Brokerage LLC was formed in 2000. Lime Brokerage is an SEC-registered
broker-dealer in 37 U.S. states and territories that offers super fast, very high throughput market accessto computerized traders. Today Lime Brokerage has approximately. offices in New York, Waltham, MA and Jersey City, NJ. . Lime Brokerage executestrades on behalf of approximately brokers in order to support its customers' trading. 13. time. 377 Tower Realty LLC was created in 2000 and was fully funded by me at that and it maintains capital accounts at clearing employees. It has
In 2005 a college friend of mine, Dr. Richard Kim, and I were discussing how he
spent over 3 hours each day filling out medical paperwork. Dr. Kim expressedfrustration that such a large part of his time was spent doing repetitive paperwork. After much discussion, we decided that his expertise and understanding of the medical system and my software development expertise could be combined to help make his and other doctors' lives more efficient, so together, we decided to pursue this business opportunity that ultimately became Lime Medical LLC. Lime Medical is a software company that provides software to hospitals, medical practices, and doctors. We launched Lime Medical LLC with the intention of producing a software product that would help doctors deal with the large amount of paperwork that comes with their jobs. After 4 years in development, Lime Medical recently rolled out iPatient to the Sutter hospital system in California, and we are now in the processof rolling out the product to
other hospitals. Lime Medical now has 3 employees and is looking to grow. Lime Medical is not yet cash flow positive and dependsupon me through entities in which I have an interest for continued funding. To date, approximately _ me and/or entities in which I have an interest. 15. Through my experience managing many software projects, I noticed over the has been invested in Lime Medical by
years that some software teams spent years struggling to produce very little while other teams were able to produce good working products in a matter of days or weeks.
I perceived there was an opportunity to allow people to share a wide variety of
open source websites, and I formed Lime Labs LLC with the intention of building a suite of tools to allow people to do just that. 16. Lime Labs LLC was formed in 2006. Contained within Lime Labs are several
discrete yet interconnected software projects. Lime Bits is an easyto use website building tool that allows people to share websites and pieces of websites. The intent is to foster a community of website developers who virtually collaborate to create a rich set of tools with which to construct website. Lime Labs also offers people hosting, domain name registration (LimeDomains) and free application installation (LimeApps) in order to further make it easier for people to create and manage websites. Lime Labs also provides certain software development services to Lime Wire. Lime Labs has offices in New York City and in Noida, India. Altogether it has about 100 employees. It is still in product development mode, is not yet profitable, and is primarily dependentupon me (either directly or through entities in which I have
an interest) for its funding. To date, approximately
has been invested in Lime
Labs by me and/or entities in which I have an interest. Based on historical funding needs, I
estimate that absent continued funding Lime Labs
In addition to founding and working with businessesin various sectors, I also am,
and have been for some time, deeply involved with several not-for-profit organizations. OpenPlans 18. In 1999, I founded The Open Planning Project (currently d/b/a OpenPlans), a
501(c)(3) organization located in New York, New York, and with a staff of approximately 45. OpenPlans has several areas of focus. The Livable Streets Initiative within OpenPlans advocates for greener more sustainable forms of transportation, reducing traffic, and transforming our streets to safer pedestrian oriented places. Projects, including Streetsblog (streetsblog.org) and Streetfilms (streetfilms.org), are building a powerful movement for livable streets. Today, the Streetsblogsreach more than 175,000 monthly readers,and Streetfilms have been viewed online more than 2.5 million times. Attached hereto as Exhibit A is an article describing, among other things, the Livable Streets Initiative work of OpenPlans. 19. The Civic Works division of OpenPlans is focused on getting govenunent to open
their data and software systems. The open government movement is in its embryonic stage, and OpenPlans is a key player helping to catalyze a profound change in how our governments function. When government agencies free their data, advocates, companies,developers, and regular citizens can make use of these data to make smart decisions and improve neighborhoods. OpenPlans has helped municipal agenciesin places like San Francisco and New York make their
data public in accessible and useful ways through initiatives like Open311 (open311.org) and NY Transit Data (nytransitdata.org). 20. The OpenGeo project at OpenPlans started and continues to develop GeoServer,
an open source mapping engine that opens data in standard formats. It's been downloaded over 400,000 times, and is used in production by hundreds of government agencies,NGO's, and companies saving them millions of dollars. Major users of the software include the state of Massachusetts,Portland's main transit agency, New York City, San Francisco, the national mapping agencies of France, Spain, UK, Norway, Finland, Brazil, Guatemala, Italy, Denmark, and the Netherlands, the World Bank, the Gates Foundation, the United Nations (WHO, WFP, FAO, UNDP and more), European Union's JRC,University of Virginia, Duke, Penn State, the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, the Ocean Biogeographic Information System, OpenCongress,DigitalGlobe, Infoterra, NOAA, and many others. 21. Since its founding, I have always been OpenPlans' largest contributor.
Other Charitable Activities 22. In addition to supporting organizations that I have founded, I support a number of
organizations in the sustainabletransportation and livable streetsmovement.
. In each of the past 6 years, my contributions have made up between _ of Transportation Alternatives budget. I also
fund the Tri-State Transportation Campaign and the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP). These also are organizations devoted to encouraging people in cities to walk, ride their bicycles, or use mass transit as alternatives to driving, and to making cities more livable.
In addition to supporting the cause of greener transportation, I have also been
supporting groups focused on improving the state of governance in New York State. In 2010, I have made donations to a variety of not-for-profit organizations including NYPIRG, Common CauseNew York, and the Brennan Center for Justice. MY INVESTMENTS 24. Since completing businessschool, I have been an active investor. Over the last
decademy trading and investments have done well, and I have been fortunate to have made significant returns. For the most part, and other than to start new businessesand make charitable contributions, I have re-invested the gains on my investments. Together with my wife Jody, I only own one home in which we live with our 4 children. The bulk of my wealth has come from my investing and trading activities. 25. Since approximately August of2003, I have received approximately_,
either directly or indirectly, from Lime Wire LLC. I understand that taking into account my interests in investment distributions to Lime Group and Lime Wire FLP, that amount increasesto
Neither I nor any entity in which I hold an interest has received a distribution
from Lime Wire LLC since February of2008. Since that time, Lime Wire's profits have largely been re-invested in a separatebusinessunit referred to as LimeWire Store, which is an on-line music service offering licensed downloads of digital sound recordings, in the aim of working collaboratively with the recording industry.
ENTITIES NAMED BY PLAINTIFFS I have reviewed the list of entities defined by Plaintiffs as "Defendant Affiliates"
in their proposed Preliminary Injunction Freezing Defendants' Assets. To my knowledge, a number of the entities listed as Defendant Affiliates no longer exist including, A&M Roadhouse, Lime OverseasFund, Ltd., Lime Capital Management Administrators, LLC, Lime Fund LLC, Tower ResearchCapital Holdings Inc., and Lime Capital Management LLC. 28. Although, Lime Lock LLC uses the Lime name, I am only tangentially involved
in Lime Lock LLC. Lime Lock LLC is founded and run by Alexander Zehnbacht. I indirectly own a. 29. interest in · of Lime Lock.
Six of the entities listed by Plaintiffs --
-- are some of the private investment funds managed by Tower Research on behalf of numerous investors.
Plaintiffs have included several Family Limited Partnershipsin their list of
"Defendant Affiliates." For each of these, I am a limited partner with between a interest. NO DISSIPATION OF ASSETS 31. For many years, my accountantssuggestedthat I talk to an attomey about estate
and tax planning measuresdue to the breadth of my assets. In or around January of2005, I finally took their advice. Following those discussions,my attomeys began setting up several family limited partnerships to which we agreed a portion of my and my immediate family's assetswould be transferred. Although the formal organization of the M.J.G. Lime Wire Family Limited Partnership was completed in June of2005, the structure and assetsto be contributed -9-
was decided long before then. The establishment of the L W FLP was completed months before the RIAA sent a cease and desist letter regarding the LimeWire 32. software.
While in 2005 I transferred many of my assets into limited partnerships for estate
and tax planning purposes, I also maintained, and continue to maintain a significant portion of my assets outside of the FLPs. My wife and I jointly own a brownstone in Manhattan which we purchased in 2005 for $4.8 million, approximately $17 million. and we maintain three bank accounts in New York holding
I also hold in my own name several direct investments worth
another approximately 33.
I have never "secreted" or otherwise transferred any of my assets in an effort to in this case or anyone else. I do invest indirectly in some offshore
hide them from the plaintiffs
hedge funds as part of my ordinary investing activities, and I have indirect ownership interests in entities that own subsidiaries in other countries, as part of their normal business activities. But I
have no personal off-shore bank accounts, and have never set up any off-shore entities to hold my personal assets. Other than the offshore hedge fund investments, all of my assets are maintained within the United States.
PROPOSED ASSET FREEZE
I have reviewed the Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction to Freeze
Defendants' Assets. I do not believe there is any reason to freeze any portion of my assets since I have not and have no intention to hide my assets or otherwise make them unavailable for payment of any judgment against me in this action. Indeed, as I have for the past 12 years, my plan is to continue growing my assets through continued investments. 35. A strict freeze of my assets has the potential to destroy value and reduce the I have made significant
potential amount that any creditor could collect from me. Historically
profits investing my assets. If any of my assets are frozen, I will lose the opportunity to invest
my capital at which historically I have been successful. By restricting my ability to continue funding Lime Labs and Lime Medical, I will likely lose my entire investments in these companies, and the chance that these start-up companies will reach profitability will be eliminated. A half completed project without funding has no value, but a company that reaches the stage of being cash flow positive has ongoing value. In addition, an assetfreeze on either Lime Brokerage LLC or Tower ResearchCapital LLC or any of its investment funds has the potential to be damaging to these companies
My wife Jody and I share a credit card which we use like most people in this
country for many regular expensessuch as purchasing food and clothing, household supplies, and normal everyday living. Prohibiting the use of any credit card issued to me singly or jointly with my wife for any purpose would cause extreme and unnecessaryinconvenience to my family. Having to get approval from a fiscal agent for any payment, including purchasesof food and clothing for ourselves and our children, would be very time consuming, burdensome,and would be a hardship for our averagedaily lives. 37. In the event that the Court determines that an order freezing a portion of my assets
is appropriate, I respectfully requestthat the Court enter an order specifying an amount of assets to be frozen. I can then identify for the Court assetsto be frozen that are equal in value to the specified amount but that, if frozen, would have the least negative impact on my family and the businessesand not-for-profits I regularly work with. I declare under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United Statesof America that the foregoing is true and correct.
Executedin New York, NY on June30, 2010.