The Authors Guild, Inc. et al v. Hathitrust et al
DECLARATION of Bernt Hugenholtz in Opposition re: 81 MOTION for Summary Judgment.. Document filed by Hathitrust. (Petersen, Joseph)
1 Family Name:
2 First Name:
3 Date of Birth:
23 august 1955
5 Civil Status:
6 Education / Professional Studies:
Master of laws, University of Groningen
Visiting scholar, University of California, Los Angeles
Doctor of law (cum laude), University of Amsterdam
7 Membership of Professional Bodies:
Vice-chairman, Vereniging voor Auteursrecht (Dutch chapter of ALAI) ; Founder,
Vereniging voor Media- en Communicatierecht (Dutch Association for Media and
Communications Law (VMC); General Editor, Information Law Series, Kluwer Law
International; Member, Scientific Council, Max Planck Institute, Munich; Member, Advisory
Committee, CIPIL, Cambridge University; Member, Board of Editors, Journal of World
Intellectual Property (JWIP); Member, Association Internationale pour la Protection pour la
Protection de la Propriété Industrielle (AIPPI) ; Member, Association for Teaching and
Research in Intellectual property (ATRIP).
8 Present Position:
Director, Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam, Faculty of Law
Professor of Intellectual Property Law, University of Amsterdam, Faculty of Law
Professor II, University of Bergen, Faculty of Law
9 Key Qualifications:
Prof. Hugenholtz is a leading expert in the field of Information Law. He is the author of
numerous books, published articles, book chapters, reports and studies, and the co-author of
European Copyright Law (2006) and International Copyright (2010). He has acted as a
consultant to the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), the European
Commission, the European Parliament and several national governments, and has produced
studies for the European Commission, the European Parliament, WIPO, UNESCO and
various Dutch government agencies. He is a member of the Dutch Copyright Committee that
advises the Minister of Justice of the Netherlands. He is a regular invited speaker at
international conferences, including the annual Fordham Conferences on International
Intellectual Property Law & Policy. Prof. Hugenholtz teaches courses on International and
European copyright law at the University of Amsterdam, the Munich IP Law Centre, the
University of Bergen (Norway), Monash University (Melbourne), and occasionally at other
universities. Prof. Hugenholtz is also an adjunct-judge at the Court of Appeals in Arnhem.
10 Professional Experience Record:
1984 - present
1990 - 1998
1992 - present
2008 - present
Legal Advisor, Ministry of Culture, Dept. of Radio, Television and
Press, Rijswijk (legal and policy matters in the field of media and
Professor of Intellectual Property Law, University of Amsterdam,
Institute for Information Law
Advocate (attorney, specialized in IP law), Stibbe, Amsterdam
Director, Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam,
Fritt Ord Professor, University of Bergen, InfoMedia Institute
Professor II, University of Bergen, Faculty of Law
(with A. W. Hins) The Law of International Telecommunications in the Netherlands, Nomos,
(with E.J. Dommering (eds.) ), Protecting Works of Fact: Copyright, Freedom of Expression
and Information Law, Information Law Series, Vol. 1, Kluwer, Deventer/Boston 1991.
(with W.F. Korthals Altes, E.J. Dommering, and J.J.C. Kabel, eds. ), Information Law
towards the 21st Century, Information Law Series, Vol. 2, Kluwer, Deventer/Boston 1992.
(ed.), The Future of Copyright in a Digital Environment. Proceedings of the Royal Academy
Colloquium organised by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences (KNAW) and the
Institute for Information Law (Amsterdam 6-7 July 1995), Information Law Series, Vol. 4,
Kluwer, The Hague/London/Boston 1996.
(ed.), Copyright and Electronic Commerce. Legal aspects of electronic copyright
management, Information Law Series, Vol. 8, Kluwer, The Hague/London/Boston 2000.
(with L. Guibault, eds.) The Future of the Public Domain - Identifying the Commons in
Information Law, The Hague, Kluwer Law International, 2006 (377 pages) .
(with T. Dreier, eds.), European Copyright Law, Concise IP Series, vol. 2, Kluwer Law
International 2006 (ISBN 90-411-2384-9), 476 p.
(with Paul Goldstein), International Copyright. Principles, Law, and Practice, Second Edition,
New York: Oxford University Press 2010, ISBN 9780199737109, 592 pp.
Selected articles and book chapters (English)
Copyright Aspects of Data Banks, Rapport néerlandais, ALAI Congrès 1989, L’informatique
et le droit d’auteur, Cowansville (Québec) 1990, p. 390-397.
More extensive listings of publications in Dutch and English are available at
http://www.ivir.nl/medewerkers/hugenholtz.html and http://www.ivir.nl/staff/hugenholtz.html.
‘Convergence and divergence in intellectual property law: the case of the Software Directive’,
in: W.F. Korthals Altes, E.J. Dommering, P.B. Hugenholtz, J.J.C. Kabel (red.), Information
law towards the 21st century, Deventer/Boston: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers 1992,
‘Database protection in the EC’, AIPPI XXXVe Congrès - Tokyo 1992, Annuaire 1992/III,
Zurich: AIPPI 1992, p. 341-343.
‘Copyright, document delivery and the information superhighway’, in: Nordic Conference on
Copyright Issues, Proceedings of a conference organised by NORDINFO, Espo (Finland)
1995, p. 119-129.
‘Adapting copyright to the information superhighway’, in: P.B. Hugenholtz (ed.), The future
of copyright in a digital environment, Den Haag/London/Boston: Kluwer Law International
1996, p. 81-102.
Copyright Problems of Multimedia. Licensing in the digital era, IRIS Legal observations of
the European Audiovisual Observatory, 1995 Special issue, p. 27-33.
Copyright and Databases, Report on the Netherlands, in: M. Dellebeke (ed.), Copyright in
cyberspace, ALAI Study Days, Amsterdam, 4-8 June 1996, Amsterdam: Otto Cramwinckel
1997, p. 491-497.
‘Fierce Creatures. Copyright Exemptions: Towards Extinction?’, keynote speech,
IFLA/IMPRIMATUR Conference, Rights, Limitations and Exceptions: Striking a Proper
Balance, Amsterdam, 30-31 October 1997.
Implementing the Database Directive, in: Jan J.C. Kabel and Gerard J.H.M. Mom (eds.),
'Intellectual Property and Information Law', The Hague/London/Boston: Kluwer Law
International 1998, p. 183-200.
‘Electronic Rights and Wrongs in Germany and The Netherlands’, Columbia - VLA Journal of
Law and the Arts 1998, Vol. 22, No. 2, p. 151-159.
‘Code as Code, or the End of Intellectual Property as We Know It’, Maastricht Journal of
European and Comparative Law1999, Vol. 6, no. 3, p. 308-318.
‘Copyright and its Limitations in the Digital Environment’, paper presented at UNESCO
INFOethics 2000 Conference, Paris, 14 November 2000.
Copyright, Contract and Code: What Will Remain of the Public Domain?, 26 Brooklyn
Journal of International Law , p. 77-90.
Copyright and Freedom of Expression in Europe, to appear in: Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss,
Harry First & Diane Leenheer Zimmerman (eds.), Innovation Policy in an Information Age,
Oxford: Oxford University Press (2000).
‘The Great Copyright Robbery. Rights allocation in a digital environment’, paper presented at
conference A Free Information Ecology in a Digital Environment Conference, New York
University School of Law, 2 April, 2000.
‘Why the Copyright Directive is Unimportant, and Possibly Invalid’, European Intellectual
Property Review 2000, p. 501-502.
‘Chronicle of The Netherlands. Dutch copyright law 1995-2000’, Revue Internationale du
Droit d’Auteur 2001 (187), p. 111-175.
(with Stephen M. Maurer & Harlan J. Onsrud) , ‘Europe’s database experiment’, Science,
Vol. 294, 26 October 2001, p. 789-790.
‘Copyright and Freedom of Expression in Europe’, in: N. Elkin-Koren & N.W. Netanel (eds.),
The Commodification of Information, Information Law Series, Vol. 11, The
Hague/London/New York: Kluwer Law International 2002, p. 239-263.
(with M.J. Davison), ‘Football fixtures, horseraces and spin-offs: the ECJ domesticates the
database right’, European Intellectual Property Review, 2005-3, p. 113-118.
‘Abuse of Database Right. Sole-source information banks under the EU Database Directive’,
in: Howard Shelanski, Francois Leveque (eds.), Antitrust, Patents and Copyright,
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar 2005, p. 203-219.
(with N. Helberger, N. Dufft & S.J. van Gompel) ‘Never Forever: Why Extending the Term
of Protection for Sound Recordings is a Bad Idea’, European Intellectual Property Review,
2008-5, p. 174-181.
(with N. Helberger) ‘No Place Like Home for Making a Copy: Private Copying in European
Copyright Law and Consumer Law’, Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 22, 2007 no. 3,
(with R.L. Okediji) ‘Contours of an International Instrument on Limitations and Exceptions’,
in: Neil W. Netanel (ed.), The Global Development Agenda. Global Intellectual Property and
Developing Countries, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2008, p. 473-497.
(with Stef van Gompel) ‘The Orphan Works Problem. The copyright conundrum of digitizing
large-scale audiovisual archives, and how to solve it’, Popular Communication - The
International Journal of Media and Culture, 2010-1, p. 61-71
‘Audiovisual Archives across Borders. Dealing With Territorially Restricted Copyrights’, in:
Digitisation and Online Exploitation of Broadcasters’ Archives, IRIS Special p. 49-54
‘Chronicle of the Netherlands.Dutch copyright law, 2001-2010’, Revue Internationale du
Droit d’Auteur (RIDA), No. 226, Octobre 2010, p. 280-349
‘Limits, limitations and exceptions to copyright under the TRIPS Agreement’. in: Carlos M.
Correa (ed.), Research Handbook on the Protection of Intellectual Property under WTO
Rules. Intellectual property in the WTO, Vol. I, p. 319-342.
‘Codes of Conduct and Copyright Enforcement in Cyberspace’, in: Irini A. Stamatoudi (ed.),
Copyright Enforcement and the Internet, Information Law Series, Vol. 21, Alphen aan den
Rijn: Kluwer Law International: 2010, p. 303-320
Selected studies and reports (English)
Intellectual Property Rights on the Information Superhighway, Report to the European
Commission (DG XV), 1994.
(with Dirk J.G. Visser), Copyright Problems of Electronic Document Delivery, Study
prepared for the European Commission (DG XIII), 1995.
Legal project lead, IMPRIMATUR (Intellectual Multimedia Property Rights Model And
Terminology for Universal Reference), multidisciplinary project on Digital Rights
Management, European Commission, 4th Framework program, 1995-1999.
(with K.J. Koelman) ‘Online Service Provider Liability for Copyright Infringement. Study
prepared for WIPO Workshop on Service Provider Liability’, Genève: WIPO 1999.
Copyright Aspects of Caching, Digital Intellectual Property Practice Economic Report
(DIPPER), Study prepared for the European Commission, 1999.
(with R.B. Bakels), ‘The patentability of computer programs’, study commissioned by the
European Parliament, 2002.
(with L.M.C.R. Guibault; assisted by M.A.R. Vermunt & M. Berghuis), ‘Study on the
conditions applicable to contracts relating to intellectual property in the European Union’,
study commissioned by the European Commission, 2002.
(with L.M.C.R. Guibault and S.M. van Geffen) ‘The Future of Levies in a Digital
Environment’, study commissioned by Business Software Alliance, March 2003
(with L. Guibault), Copyright contract law: towards statutory regulation? Study conducted on
commission for the department of Scientific Research and Documentation Centre (WODC) of
the Dutch Ministry of Justice, August 2004.
(with Mireille van Eechoud et al.) The Recasting of Copyright & Related Rights for the
Knowledge Economy, report to the European Commission, DG Internal Market, November
2006, 308 p.
(with L. Guibault, G. Westkamp, T. Rieber-Mohn, et al.) Study on the Implementation and
Effect in Member States' laws of Directive 2001/29/EC on the Harmonisation of Certain
Aspects of Copyright and Related Rights in the Information Society, report to the European
Commission, DG Internal Market, February 2007.
(with R.L. Okediji) ‘Conceiving an International Instrument on Limitations and Exceptions to
Copyright’, study supported by the Open Society Institute (OSI), March 2008.
(with M.R.F. Senftleben) ‘Fair use in Europe. In search of flexibilities’, Amsterdam,
(with C.A. Jasserand), ‘Using Copyright to Promote Access to Public Sector Information: A
Comparative Survey’, Part III of a study commissioned by WIPO on Using Copyright to
Promote Access to Information and Creative Content, Geneva, 2012.
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