Moss et al v. Nellis et al
ORDER granting 47 Motion to Intervene. (SEE ORDER FOR DETAILS) Signed by Magistrate Judge Dennis Howell on 9/5/12. (nll)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA
BRYSON CITY DIVISION
WILLIAM J. MOSS, III, JUDY R.
PAMELA S. NELLIS, WILLIAM R.
NELLIS, and THE BIRCHES OF
WILDCAT CLIFFS, LLC, NELLIS
Defendants and Third Party Plaintiffs, )
LE BON TEMPS ROULE’, LLC d/b/a
APPALACHIAN GOLF CARS, LLC
and WILLIAM TYNDAL,
The matter is before the Court upon a motion made by a third party, that
being Judith Tyndal to allow her to intervene as a Plaintiff in this action pursuant
to Rule 24(b)(1)(B) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. In the motion, the
movant states that all parties in this action consent to the intervention of the
movant Tyndal. Having carefully considered the motion, the brief in support of
the motion and the records in this cause, the Court will allow the motion of Ms.
Tyndal to intervene as a party plaintiff in this matter. (#47)
FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS
Procedural Background. The original plaintiffs, William J. Moss,
III and July R. Moss filed a Complaint (#1) on February 10, 2012 against the
original defendants Pamela S. Nellis, William R. Nellis, The Birches of Wildcat
Cliff, LLC, and Nellis Realty, LLC.
In the Complaint, the original plaintiffs
allege they were riding as passengers in a golf cart and while doing so were
injured as a result of the negligent operation of the golf cart by the defendant
Pamela S. Nellis and which golf cart was owned by one or more of the other
defendants. (Compl. #1, ¶¶ 9-26) The movant now contends that she was also a
passenger in the golf cart, she was injured in the same accident, and she seeks to
present her complaint in this matter and be named as a party plaintiff. (#47-1)
Discussion. Rule 24(b)(1)(B) states as follows:
(b) Permissive Intervention.
In General. On timely motion, the court may permit
anyone to intervene who:
has a claim or defense that shares with the main
action a common question of law or fact.
Delay or Prejudice. In exercising its discretion, the
court must consider whether the intervention will unduly
delay or prejudice the adjudication of the original parties’
Notice and Pleading Required. A motion to intervene must
be served on the parties as provided in Rule 5. The motion
must state the grounds for intervention and be accompanied by
a pleading that sets out the claim or defense for which
intervention is sought.
In Citizens For an Orderly Energy Policy, Inc., et al., v. County of Suffolk,
101 F.R.D. 497 (E.D.N.Y., 1984), the District Court set forth the requirements for
Under Rule 24(b)(2), there are three requirements for permissive
a question of law or fact in common between the applicant’s
claim or defense and the main action; and
a determination that the intervention will not “unduly delay or
prejudice the adjudication of the rights of the original parties.”
Considering whether or not the movant Tyndal’s application is timely, the
Court must consider four factors:
Length of time during which the proposed intervenor knew or
reasonably should have know of its interest in the case before it petitioned for leave
Degree of prejudice to the existing parties as a result of the posed
intervenor’s failure to move to intervene as soon as it knew or reasonably should
have known of its interest;
extent of prejudice to the proposed intervenor if its position is denied;
the presence of unusual circumstances militating either for or against a
determination that the application is timely.
Walker v. Jim Dandy Co., 747 F.2d 1360, 1365 (11 th Cir. 1984)
It appears from the pleadings in this matter the movant Tyndal knew or
reasonably knew of the Complaint of the plaintiffs in this matter when her husband
was served with a Third-Party Complaint (#16) in this action on April 23, 2012.
It appears from those pleadings the movant Tyndal’s husband was also riding in
the golf cart at the time of the alleged accident and may have been assisting in its
operation. The movant Tyndal filed her original Motion to Intervene (#39) which
was denied without prejudice by this Court on July 27, 2012. (#42) The movant
Tyndal thereafter renewed her Motion to Intervene on August 13, 2012. (#47).
It does not appear there is a high degree of prejudice to the presently existing
parties as a result of the proposed intervention of the movant Tyndal or movant
Tyndal’s failure to move to intervene as soon as she knew or reasonably could
have known of the existence of the pleadings in this matter. Additionally, it is
alleged the parties have all consented to the intervention of the movant Tyndal.
From the pleadings in this matter, it appears that the movant Tyndal and her
husband filed a Complaint in the Superior Court of Macon County, North Carolina
on April 18, 2012 concerning injuries they sustained in the golf cart accident which
they allege was caused by the same defendants in this case. It would thus appear to
the undersigned that there could be two actions in regard to the same accident, one
pending in Macon County Superior Court and the other one being in the United
States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina. As a result, there
could be some prejudice to the movant Tyndal if she were not allowed to intervene
in this case and to have the entire dispute decided in one court.
The undersigned does not find the presence of any unusual circumstances
militating either for or against a determination that the application is timely. In
Nationwide Mutual Fire Insurance Co. v. Waddell, 2005 WL 2319698 (M.D. Ga.
2005), a seven month delay after a plaintiff filed its Complaint was found not to
defeat the timeliness requirement. That motion was filed only three months before
the end of discovery. No significant discovery has taken place in the instant action.
A Pretrial Order and Case Management Plan was issued in this matter on August
17, 2012. It appears the movant Tyndal has made a timely application.
It appears there are common questions of fact between the movant Tyndal’s
proposed Complaint and the main action as all of the allegations contained in the
proposed Complaint and the allegations contained in the main action arise out of
one accident involving the same golf cart in which the original plaintiffs, the
movant Tyndal, and her husband were all riding as passengers.
The undersigned has made an examination of the file so as to make a
determination that intervention will not unduly delay or prejudice the adjudication
of the rights of the original parties. It is well settled that the principal
consideration in either granting or denying an application for permissive
intervention is whether the intervention will unduly delay or prejudice the
adjudication of the rights of the original parties.
Citizens For an Orderly Energy
Policy, Inc., et al., v. County of Suffolk, 101 F.R.D. 497 (E.D.N.Y., 1984) It does
not appear that allowing the intervention of the movant Tyndal will unduly delay
or prejudice the adjudication of the rights of any of the original parties in this
matter. As stated above, the parties have agreed to the intervention of the movant
As a result of the foregoing, the undersigned has determined to allow the
motion to intervene (#47).
IT IS, THEREFORE, ORDERED that:
The Motion to Intervene as Plaintiff (#47) is ALLOWED and the
movant Judith Tyndal is hereby made and designated as an intervenor plaintiff to
The caption of this action shall be shown as follows:
William J. Moss, III and Judy R. Moss, Plaintiffs and
Judith Tyndal, Intervenor Plaintiff
Pamela S. Nellis, William R. Nellis, The Birches of Wildcat Cliffs, LLC,
and Nellis Realty, LLC,
Defendants and Third-Party plaintiffs
Le Bon Temps Roule’, LLC d/b/a Appalachian Golf Cars, LLC and William
It is further ORDERED that the proposed pleading attached as
Document #47-1 to the Motion to Intervene shall constitute the initial pleading of
the intervenor plaintiff Judith Lyndal and shall be deemed to have been filed this
It is further ORDERED that counsel for the intervenor plaintiff Judith
Tyndal shall forthwith issue a summons directed to each of the defendants showing
service of the intervenor plaintiff’s Complaint. Plaintiff’s counsel shall further
serve a copy of the Complaint of the intervenor plaintiff upon counsel for the thirdparty defendants Le Bon Temps Roule’, LLC d/b/a Appalachian Golf Cars, LLC
and William Tyndal. The defendants, the third-party plaintiffs and third-party
defendants shall be allowed to respond to the Complaint of the intervenor plaintiff
Judith Tyndal as provided by law;
(5) It is further ORDERED that the parties shall, within the time limits as
provided by the Local Rules of Civil Procedure provide a Certification and Report
of Initial Attorneys Conference and the undersigned shall then make a
determination of whether or not to amend the Pretrial Order and Case Management
Plan previously entered in this matter.
Signed: September 5, 2012