U.S. BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION v. ROSENBERG
MEMORANDUM AND/OR OPINION RE: CERTAIN MOTIONS. SIGNED BY HONORABLE CYNTHIA M. RUFE ON 1/24/2013. 1/24/2013 ENTERED AND COPIES E-MAILED.(tomg, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
U.S. BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
Plaintiff/Counterclaim Defendant, :
Defendant/Counterclaim Plaintiff. :
JANUARY 24, 2013
Plaintiff U.S. Bank, N.A., filed this action to enforce the terms of an Individual Limited
Guaranty (“Guaranty” or “Limited Guaranty”) executed by Defendant Maury Rosenberg. Before
the Court are Plaintiff’s Motion to Dismiss Defendant’s Counterclaims and its Motion to Strike
Defendant’s Affirmative Defenses. Plaintiff argues that by the express language of the
Guaranty, Defendant waived his right to assert any claims, counterclaims, or affirmative defense
in this litigation, and therefore that the Court should dismiss his counterclaims and strike his
affirmative defenses in their entirety. While the Court recognizes the express language in the
Guaranty by which Defendant waives his right to assert certain claims, the Court does not find
that the provision applies to all claims and defenses asserted here. Accordingly, the Motions will
be granted in part and denied in part.
Since the Court writes primarily for the parties who are well familiar with the complex
factual and procedural background in this matter, the Court provides only the facts and procedure
necessary to provide context for its decision.
Facts Relevant to Plaintiff’s Claims as Alleged in the Complaint
On August 12, 2005, Mr. Rosenberg, on behalf of companies with which he was
affiliated (referred to in the Complaint as “NMI Parties”), entered into a Settlement Agreement
with Lyon Financial Services, U.S. Bank’s predecessor in interest.1 Pursuant to the Settlement
Agreement, the parties modified the terms of existing commercial equipment leases, and reduced
and restructured the payment obligations of the NMI Parties under the existing leases. Mr.
Rosenberg guaranteed a portion ($7,661,945) of the NMI Parties’ obligations in the Guaranty.2
While the NMI Parties made 21 payments in accordance with the Settlement Agreement,
they stopped payments beginning in February 2008. At the time of the NMI Parties’ default
under the Settlement Agreement, the guaranteed amount had been reduced to $4,980,264.32. As
of January 12, 2012, this amount remained outstanding. U.S. Bank, as the present payee of the
obligations under the Guaranty, sent a written notice to Mr. Rosenberg stating that the NMI
Parties were in default under the Settlement Agreement, and demanding that Mr. Rosenberg pay
the outstanding amount due under the Guaranty. Mr. Rosenberg did not pay the amount
demanded and U.S. Bank filed this suit for breach of the Guaranty.
Facts Relevant to Defendant’s Counterclaims and Defenses as Alleged in
On July 31, 2008, Lyon, acting as an agent for U.S. Bank, filed a Complaint in confession
of Judgment in the Bucks County Court of Common Pleas (“Bucks County Action”) seeking the
guaranteed amount that remained outstanding.3 Mr. Rosenberg alleges that while the complaint
stated that Lyon was entitled to judgment against him in the amount of $4,724,866.16, a
Compl., Ex. A, Settlement Agreement (Doc. No. 1-4).
Compl., Ex. B, Limited Guaranty (Doc. No. 1-5).
Pl.’s Mot. to Dismiss, Ex. A, Bucks County Action Compl. (Doc. No. 11-2).
judgment of $43,481,820.71 was erroneously entered against all defendants in that case.
According to Mr. Rosenberg, Lyon had knowledge of this error, but did not correct it. On
August 22, 2008, Mr. Rosenberg filed a petition to strike or open the confessed judgment and
requested a stay of execution of such judgment. This petition notwithstanding, Lyon transferred
the nearly $43 million judgment to the Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas on October 10,
During the pendency of Mr. Rosenberg’s petition to strike/reopen, U.S. Bank
“orchestrated the commencement and prosecution of an involuntary bankruptcy case against
Rosenberg” in the Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania on November 7,
2008.4 The bankruptcy case was later transferred to the Bankruptcy Court for the Southern
District of Florida, where Mr. Rosenberg resides. On August 21, 2009, the Bankruptcy Court
dismissed the involuntary bankruptcy case. Mr. Rosenberg alleges that this dismissal shows that
U.S. Bank with or through Lyon “orchestrated the improper ‘sham’ bankruptcy case without
justification or excuse, knowing that the filing of an involuntary bankruptcy case would cause
the demise of the [NMI parties] and put Rosenberg in financial ruin.”5
After the dismissal of the involuntary bankruptcy case, U.S. Bank moved for a
determination on the motion to strike/reopen, which had remained pending in the Bucks County
Court of Common Pleas. On November 22, 2011, the Bucks County Court entered an order
striking the confessed judgment entered against Mr. Rosenberg and opening the confessed
judgment entered against the NMI parties.6
Counterclaim (Doc. No. 20) ¶ 24.
Id. ¶ 35.
See Answer, Ex. B (Doc. No. 10-2 at 2).
Procedural Posture of this Case
Three months later, on February 10, 2012, U.S. Bank filed the Complaint in this case. In
response, Mr. Rosenberg filed a Motion to Dismiss arguing that pursuant to the terms of the
Settlement Agreement and the Limited Guaranty, Bucks County state court has exclusive
jurisdiction over the case. The Court denied the motion, holding that venue was proper in this
Court because the forum selection clause provides that venue is proper in the federal district
court whose judicial district encompasses Bucks County, and ordered that Mr. Rosenberg file an
Mr. Rosenberg thereafter filed an answer raising 37 affirmative defenses and asserting
counterclaims for Wrongful Use of Civil Proceedings (Count I), Abuse of Process (Count II),
and Breach of the Covenant of Good Faith and Fair Dealing (Count III). U.S. Bank now moves
to dismiss all counterclaims and defenses, asserting that pursuant to the terms of the Limited
Guaranty, Mr. Rosenberg waived his right to assert any claims, counterclaims, or defense with
respect to the terms of the Guaranty. Alternatively, U.S. Bank argues that the counterclaims are
insufficiently alleged and must be dismissed, and that certain defenses are insufficient as a matter
of law and must be stricken.
Motion to Dismiss
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6), dismissal of a complaint for failure
to state a claim upon which relief can be granted is appropriate where a plaintiff’s “plain
statement” lacks enough substance to show that he is entitled to relief.7 In determining whether a
motion to dismiss should be granted, the court must consider only those facts alleged in the
Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 557 (2007).
complaint, accepting the allegations as true and drawing all logical inferences in favor of the
non-moving party.8 Courts are not, however, bound to accept as true legal conclusions couched
as factual allegations.9 Something more than a mere possibility of a claim must be alleged;
rather plaintiff must allege “enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.”10
The complaint must set forth “direct or inferential allegations respecting all the material elements
necessary to sustain recovery under some viable legal theory.”11 The court has no duty to
“conjure up unpleaded facts that might turn a frivolous . . . action into a substantial one.”12
Motion to Strike
“In responding to a pleading, a party must affirmatively state any avoidance or
affirmative defense[.]”13 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(f) permits a court to “strike from a
pleading an insufficient defense or any redundant, immaterial, impertinent, or scandalous
matter.”14 The Third Circuit has cautioned, however, that “a court should not grant a motion to
strike unless the insufficiency of the defense is clearly apparent” from the face of the pleading.15
Since the sufficiency of the defense is determined by examining the face of the pleadings, a
ALA, Inc. v. CCAIR, Inc., 29 F.3d 855, 859 (3d Cir. 1994); Fay v. Muhlenberg Coll., No. 07-4516, 2008
WL 205227, at *2 (E.D. Pa. Jan. 24, 2008).
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555, 564.
Id. at 570.
Id. at 562 (quoting Car Carriers, Inc. v. Ford Motor Co., 745 F.2d 1101, 1106 (7th Cir. 1984)) (internal
quotation marks omitted).
Id. (quoting McGregor v. Industrial Excess Landfill, Inc., 856 F.2d 39, 42-43 (6th Cir. 1988)).
Fed. R Civ. P. 8(c).
Fed. R Civ. P. 12(f).
Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc., 789 F.2d 181, 188 (3d Cir. 1986) (“The underpinning of this principle
rests on a concern that a court should restrain from evaluating the merits of a defense where . . . the factual
background for a case is largely undeveloped.”).
defense cannot be stricken where its success depends on disputed issues of fact or law.16
However, “if the defense asserted could not possibly prevent recovery under any pleaded or
inferable set of facts,” it may be stricken.17
While the Third Circuit has not applied the pleading standards of Ashcroft v. Iqbal,18 and
Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly,19 to the pleading of affirmative defenses, “when an affirmative
defense omits a short and plain statement of facts entirely and fails totally to allege the necessary
elements of the claim, it has not satisfied the pleading requirements of the Federal Rules[.]”20
Thus, where a defense is insufficiently pled so as to fail to put the opposing party on notice of the
nature of defense, the defense may be stricken with leave to amend. 21
The Waiver Provision
U.S. Bank’s primary argument in support of both its Motion to Dismiss and its Motion to
Strike is that the express language of the Guaranty’s waiver provision bars all of Mr.
Rosenberg’s claims and defenses here. In contrast, Mr. Rosenberg argues that the existence of
the waiver provision does not defeat his counterclaims or his defenses because the enforceability
of the waiver provision is at issue in this litigation. According to Mr. Rosenberg, the entire
Guaranty fails for lack of consideration. Thus, he asserts that all of the Guaranty’s provisions are
unenforceable, including the waiver provision.
Linker v. Custom-Bilt, 594 F. Supp. 894, 898 (E.D. Pa. 1984).
556 U.S. 662 (2009).
550 U.S. 544 (2007).
Dann v. Lincoln Nat’l Corp., 274 F.R.D. 139, 146 (E.D. Pa. 2011) (quoting Heller Fin., Inc. v. Midwhey
Powder Co., 883 F.2d 1286, 1295 (7th Cir. 1989)).
Alternatively, Mr. Rosenberg submits that the waiver provision does not defeat his claims
because the Guaranty’s waiver provision conflicts with the waiver provision of the Settlement
Agreement, which he asserts controls pursuant to the “conflict clause” in the Settlement
Agreement, which states: “In the event of any conflict between the provisions of this Agreement
and the provisions of any other Transaction Documents, the provisions of this Agreement will
The Limited Guaranty provides:
Without limiting the generality of any other provisions of the Limited
Guaranty, Guarantor [Mr. Rosenberg] hereby expressly waives: . . . (e) any
defense, right of set-off, claim or counterclaim whatsoever and any and all
other rights benefits, protections and other defenses available to the Guarantor
now or at any time hereafter.23
It further states:
Guarantor waives all rights and defenses arising out of an election of remedies
by [U.S. Bank], even though that the election of remedies has destroyed the
Guarantor’s rights of contribution, subrogation and reimbursement against the
Lessees  or other guarantors by the operation of any applicable law or
The Settlement Agreement also contains a waiver provision by which “[e]ach NMI party
. . . waive[d] any defenses, offsets or counterclaims to the enforcement of the Modified Leases,
the Security Agreements, the Guarantees or the Confession of Judgment.”25
As the Court stated in ruling on Mr. Rosenberg’s Motion to Dismiss:
“The fundamental rule in contract interpretation is to ascertain the intent of the
contracting parties.”26 In ascertaining the intent of the parties, “all provisions
Settlement Agreement ¶ 25
Rosenberg Guaranty ¶ 6.
Id. ¶ 8.
Settlement Agreement ¶ 15(d).
in the agreement will be construed together and each will be given effect. [The
Pennsylvania Supreme Court] will not interpret one provision of a contract in
a manner which results in another portion being annulled.”27 Thus, to the
extent possible, a contract should be interpreted in a manner which prevents
provisions from becoming meaningless, superfluous, or contradictory.28
Furthermore, where, as here “two or more writings are executed at the same
time and involve the same transaction, they should be construed as a whole.”29
The Court will not read the Settlement Agreement in a manner which creates .
. . a conflict between the Settlement Agreement and the Guaranty.30
Moreover, U.S. Bank attempts too broad a reading of the Guaranty’s waiver clause to
encompass claims unrelated to the agreement between the parties. This interpretation is contrary
to the intent of the parties as stated in the Settlement Agreement and the Guaranty.
While the Court recognizes that contracting parties may waive their right to assert certain
claims, counterclaims and defenses having to do with execution, performance and enforcement
of the underlying agreement,31 there is no authority to support the enforceability of a waiver
provision with the scope U.S. Bank urges the Court to give the provision at issue here. Thus,
even if the Settlement Agreement and the Guaranty evidenced the parties’ intent to create a
waiver of this sort, which the Court has held it did not, it is questionable that this provision
would be enforceable as a matter of law.
Lesko v. Frankford Hosp.-Bucks Cnty., 15 A.3d 337, 343 (Pa. 2011). It is undisputed that Pennsylvania
law applies here.
Id. (quoting LJL Transp., Inc. v. Pilot Air Freight Corp., 962 A.2d 639, 647-48 (Pa. 2009)); see also
Kamco Indus. Sales, Inc. v. Lovejoy, Inc., 779 F. Supp. 2d 416, 427 (E.D. Pa. 2011).
See Sloan & Co. v. Liberty Mut. Ins. Co., 653 F.3d 175, 181 (3d Cir. 2011).
Sanford Inv. Co. v. Ahlstrom Mach. Holdings, Inc., 198 F.3d 415, 421 (3d Cir. 1999) (quoting Western
United Assurance Co. v. Hayden, 64 F.3d 833, 842 (3d Cir. 1995)).
6/12/12 Order (Doc. No. 9) at 3-4.
Lyon Fin. Servs., Inc. v. Woodlake Imaging, LLC, No. 04-3334, 2005 WL 331695, at *4-6 (E.D. Pa.
Feb. 9, 2005) (recognizing the enforceability of “hell or high water” provisions in certain finance lease transactions);
see also Doc. No. 12-1 at 5 (citing cases).
Consequently, the Court finds that the waiver provision at issue here does not bar the
assertion of all counterclaims and defenses raised by Mr. Rosenberg. To the extent that the
provision limits the assertion of specific counterclaims and defenses, the Court will discuss these
Counterclaim Count III
Counterclaim Count III alleges that “U.S. Bank . . . breached its contract with Rosenberg
by failing to act in good faith and deal fairly with Rosenberg with respect to the Rosenberg
Guaranty, causing Rosenberg to suffer damages.”32 Unlike the other counterclaims which are
not within the scope of the waiver provision contained in the Guaranty, a fair reading of the
Guaranty leads to the conclusion that this counterclaim is within the scope of the waiver
provision and therefore, barred by it.
As stated above, a party may contractually waive its right to assert claims, counterclaims
and defenses having to do execution, performance and enforcement of the underlying
agreement.33 In contrast to the tort claims of wrongful use of civil proceedings and abuse of
process as alleged in Counterclaim Counts I and II, breach of contract claims depend upon the
terms, execution, and performance of the contract. It is the type of claim contemplated by the
Guaranty and would be waived under the Settlement Agreement or the Guaranty. Therefore, the
Court finds that Counterclaim Count III is within the scope of the waiver provision and has been
waived thereunder. Counterclaim Count III will be dismissed with prejudice.
Counterclaim ¶ 59.
See, e.g., HFC Commercial Realty, Inc. v. Axelrod, No. 89-8739, 1990 WL 198184, at *3 (E.D. Pa. Dec.
4, 1990) (citing Paul Revere Protective Life Ins. Co. v. Weis, 535 F. Supp. 379, 386 (E.D. Pa. 1981), aff’d without
opinion, 707 F.2d 1403 (3d Cir. 1982)).
Like Mr. Rosenberg’s breach of contract counterclaim, several of his affirmative
defenses, those concerning the terms, execution, and performance of the contract, are waived by
virtue of the Guaranty’s waiver provision for the reasons stated above with respect to Mr.
Rosenberg’s breach of contract counterclaim. These defenses are Mr. Rosenberg’s Third,34
Fifth, 35 Sixth,36 Seventh,37 Eighth,38 Ninth,39 Tenth,40 Eleventh,41 Fourteenth,42 Seventeenth,43
Eighteenth, Nineteenth, Twentieth, Twenty-First, Twenty-Second, Twenty-Third, TwentyFourth, Thirtieth,44 and Thirty-First.45
“U.S. Bank’s claims are barred by its waiver of the assertion of any rights under the Settlement
Agreement and Rosenberg Guaranty.” Answer at 5.
“U.S. Bank’s claims are barred by lack of privity.” Answer at 6.
“U.S. Bank’s claims are barred by the absence and/or failure of consideration for the Rosenberg
Guaranty.” Answer at 6.
“The Rosenberg Guaranty is a contract of adhesion and unconscionable and is void ab initio.” Answer
“U.S. Bank’s claims are barred by the financial distress imposed upon Rosenberg by U.S. Bank and/or
its agents at the time Rosenberg was required to execute the Rosenberg Guaranty.” Answer at 6.
“U.S. Bank’s claims are barred by the doctrine of accord and satisfaction.” Answer at 6.
“U.S. Bank’s claims are barred by the doctrine of justification.” Answer at 6.
“The losses alleged by U.S. Bank were not caused by any fault, act or omission on the part of
Rosenberg, but were caused by circumstances or persons or entities, including U.S. Bank itself and or its agents, for
which Rosenberg is not responsible.” Answer at 6.
“At all times relevant hereto, Rosenberg acted in good faith and compliance with any and all of his
contractual obligations.” Answer at 7.
Mr. Rosenberg’s Seventeenth through Twenty-Fourth Affirmative Defenses all concern the defense of
impairment of collateral stated in different forms. Answer at 8-9.
“U.S. Bank is precluded from seeking relief against Rosenberg by reasons of its own failure to comply
with the Settlement Agreement and Rosenberg Guaranty.” Answer at 9.
“U.S. Bank’s claims are barred by reason of its own bad faith and fair dealing in both the making and
performance of the Settlement Agreement and Rosenberg Guaranty.” Answer at 10.
Sufficiency of the Remaining Claims
Counterclaim Counts I and II
U.S. Bank moves to dismiss Mr. Rosenberg’s counterclaims for wrongful use of civil
proceedings (Count I) and abuse of process (Count II), arguing that Mr. Rosenberg has failed to
allege that U.S. Bank brought the underlying confession of judgment proceedings in Bucks
County primarily for an improper purpose, an element of both wrongful use of civil proceedings
and abuse of process claims.46 Mr. Rosenberg does not dispute that he must show that the
“primary purpose” of the underlying proceedings was improper to succeed on either claim; he
asserts however, that the facts as alleged in his Counterclaim are sufficient. The Court agrees.
While Mr. Rosenberg’s counterclaim does not contain a conclusory statement that the
primary purpose of the Bucks County confession of judgment proceedings was improper, the
factual allegations are sufficient to support this inference. For example, Mr. Rosenberg alleges
“U.S. Bank, by and through its agent, Lyon, . . . instituted a scorched earth campaign against
Rosenberg in an effort to destroy him and his business, and to extract money or a settlement from
Rosenberg and others,” by filing “a single Complaint in Confession of Judgment in the Court of
Common Pleas of Bucks County,” and “causing a single judgment in the total amount of
$43,481820.71 to be entered on the docket,” despite U.S. Bank’s knowledge that Rosenberg’s
liability was limited to $4,724,866.16.47 Taken as a whole, the facts as alleged in the
See 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 8351 (“(a) Elements of action.--A person who takes part in the procurement,
initiation or continuation of civil proceedings against another is subject to liability to the other for wrongful use of
civil proceedings: (1) He acts in a grossly negligent manner or without probable cause and primarily for a purpose
other than that of securing the proper discovery, joinder of parties or adjudication of the claim in which the
proceedings are based; and (2) The proceedings have terminated in favor of the person against whom they are
brought.”) (emphasis added); Shiner v. Moriarty, 706 A.2d 1228, 1236 (Pa. Super. Ct. 1998) (quoting Rosen v.
American Bank of Rolla, 627 A.2d 190, 192 (Pa. Super. Ct. 1993) (“The tort of ‘abuse of process’ is defined as the
use of legal process against another ‘primarily to accomplish a purpose for which it is not designed.’ To establish a
claim for abuse of process it must be shown that the defendant (1) used a legal process against the plaintiff, (2)
primarily to accomplish a purpose for which the process was not designed; and (3) harm has been caused to the
plaintiff.”) (internal quotation marks omitted) (emphasis added).
Counterclaim support an inference that the primary purpose of the underlying proceedings was
improper and Counterclaim counts I and II are sufficient to withstand U.S. Bank’s Motion to
In addition to its wholesale challenge to Mr. Rosenberg’s affirmative defenses as waived,
U.S. Bank challenges specific defenses as insufficiently pled. The Court now addresses those
which have not been waived.
Fifteenth Affirmative Defense
The Fifteenth Affirmative Defense states:
By Order and Memorandum Opinion dated August 21, 2009, the U.S.
Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Florida found that any amounts
required to be paid by [Mr.] Rosenberg under the Rosenberg Guaranty to
Lyon was limited to the fees and expenses of Lyon, which finding was not
disturbed by the District Court for the Southern District of Florida on appeal.48
U.S. Bank argues that this statement mischaracterizes the Bankruptcy Court’s August 21,
2009 Order and must be stricken. The Court agrees.49
The Bankruptcy Court did not hold that the amount of Mr. Rosenberg’s liability under the
Guaranty was limited to Lyon’s fees and expenses as the affirmative defense as stated suggests.
In fact, the Bankruptcy Court was not concerned with the extent of Mr. Rosenberg’s obligations
under the Limited Guaranty. Rather, the court considered whether the “petitioning creditors”
(those who filed the involuntary bankruptcy petition against Mr. Rosenberg) were “creditors”
under the Limited Guaranty giving them standing to file the involuntary petition. The
Answer at 7.
In doing so, the Court takes judicial notice of the Bankruptcy Court’s Opinion and Order. “[A] court
may take judicial notice of a prior judicial opinion.” McTernan v. City of York, 577 F.3d 521, 526 (3d Cir. 2009).
Bankruptcy Court found that the petitioning creditors were not “creditors,” because Mr.
Rosenberg’s obligations under the Guaranty run solely in favor of Lyon.50 The Bankruptcy
“Rosenberg executed an individual limited guaranty (the “Limited Guaranty”)
in the maximum about of $7,6661,945.00, which was to be reduced each
month by the sum of $127,699.08 for each monthly payment made on account
of the Master Lease as set forth in the Settlement Agreement. . . . The Limited
Guaranty contains several other provisions, which obligations thereunder run
solely to and in favor of Lyon. Specifically, upon an event of default under
the Limited Guaranty, only Lyon can demand payment of the obligations
thereunder and only the fees and expenses of Lyon [as opposed to the fees and
expenses of another entity] are required to be paid by Rosenberg.”51
Mr. Rosenberg conflates several important findings of the Bankruptcy Court and the
result is misleading. For this reason, the Fifteenth Affirmative Defense is stricken. Mr.
Rosenberg is granted leave to amend this defense to clarify the holding of the Bankruptcy Court
and its import to his defense to the extent he is able to do so.
Twenty-Fifth Affirmative Defense
In his Twenty-Fifth Affirmative Defense, Mr. Rosenberg states that “U.S. Bank’s claims
are barred by its unclean hands and inequitable conduct . . . .”52 U.S. Bank asserts that this
defense must be stricken because U.S. Bank seeks only money damages in its complaint and the
equitable defense of unclean hands is only available where a plaintiff seeks equitable relief. Mr.
See Civ. A. No. 12-22275, Doc. No. 97 (S.D. Fla. Jan. 8, 2013) submitted as Ex. A to Pl.’s Notice of
Recent Supplemental Authority (Doc. No. 31).
Bankr. Ct. Op. (Doc. No. 12-2) ¶¶ 28, 33 (bracketed material added for clarification and context).
Answer at 9.
Rosenberg argues that “[a]n affirmative defense need not be plausible to survive; it must merely
provide fair notice of the issue involved.”53
While the Court recognizes that Third Circuit has not applied the pleading standards of
Iqbal and Twombly to the pleading of affirmative defenses, Rule 12(f) nevertheless allows a
court to strike an affirmative defense where “the insufficiency of the defense is clearly apparent”
from the face of the pleading.54 Because the doctrine of unclean hands is not applicable where a
party does not seek equitable relief, the insufficiency of this defense is clearly apparent from the
face of the pleading and will be stricken.55
Thirty-Second and Thirty-Third Affirmative Defenses
U.S. Bank argues that the Court should strike these defenses because they are merely
restatements of Mr. Rosenberg’s Counterclaims, which U.S. Bank asserts Mr. Rosenberg is
barred from asserting pursuant to the waiver provision of the Guaranty. Since the Court has
found that Mr. Rosenberg is not barred from asserting these claims, it will not strike these
defenses on this basis.
For the foregoing reasons, U.S. Bank’s Motion to Dismiss Mr. Rosenberg’s
Counterclaims and Motion to Strike his Affirmative Defenses will be granted in part and denied
in part. Counterclaim Count III will be dismissed and the following affirmative defenses will be
stricken: Third, Fifth through Eleventh, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Seventeenth through Twenty-
Doc. No. 15 at 9.
Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc., 789 F.2d 181, 188 (3d Cir. 1986) (“The underpinning of this principle
rests on a concern that a court should restrain from evaluating the merits of a defense where . . . the factual
background for a case is largely undeveloped.”).
See Farm Credit of Nw. Fla. ACA v. Dilsheimer, No. 10-4515, 2011 WL 725084, at *3 (E.D. Pa. Mar.
Fifth, Thirtieth, and Thirty-First. Mr. Rosenberg will be granted leave to amend his Fifteenth
An appropriate Order follows.
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