BabyAge..com, Inc. v. Leachco, Inc.
BRIEF IN SUPPORT re 30 MOTION to Dismiss filed by Leachco.(Peterson, Gary)
BabyAge..com, Inc. v. Leachco, Inc.
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA BABYAGE.COM, INC., Plaintiff-Counterclaim Defendant, v. LEACHCO, INC., Defendant-Counterclaim Plaintiff, an d JAMIE S. LEACH, Counterclaim Plaintiff, v. JOHN M. KIEFER, JR., Counterclaim Defendant. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
No. 3:07-cv-01600-ARC (Judge A. Richard Caputo) (electronically filed)
BRIEF IN SUPPORT OF MOTION TO DISMISS BY THIRD PARTY DEFENDANT LEACHCO, INC. In his Counterclaim, the Third Party Defendant John M. Kiefer has alleged various violations on the antitrust laws by the Third Party Plaintiff, Leachco, Inc. Doc. 25 at 5-20. Leachco is moving to dismiss this Counterclaim because Mr. Kiefer lacks standing. In his Counterclaim, Mr. Kiefer identifies a litany of competitive injuries that a corporate party, Babyage.com, Inc., has supposedly suffered as a result of alleged antitrust violations by Leachco. However, Mr. Kiefer makes no claim that he has been personally damaged by any of these supposed violations. See Doc. 25 at 18, ¶¶ 56-57 (alleging injury to Babyage.com, Inc.). Nor does Mr. Kiefer claim that he personally competes with Leachco, or that has ever personally been a customer of Leachco. Instead, Mr. Kiefer's only claim to standing is that he is an officer of Babyage.com, Inc.
Doc. 25 at 5, ¶ 1; Doc. 25 at 8, ¶ 10. Mr. Kiefer's status as a corporate officer is insufficient to confer standing to sue under the antitrust laws. The Third Circuit addressed the precise situation before the Court over 30 years ago, in Pitchford v. Pepi, Inc., 531 F.2d 92 (3rd Cir. 1976). There, a corporate officer sued to recover damages allegedly resulting from antitrust violations directed at his company. The Third Circuit reversed a verdict in favor of the corporate officer, finding that the officer lacked standing: "any harm to Mr. Pitchford would have to flow derivatively from injuries done to the companies of which he was ... an officer" 531 F.2d at 97. Other courts of appeal have reached the same conclusion. See National Independent Theatre Exhibitors, Inc. v. Buena Vista Distribution Co., 748 F.2d 602, 608 (11th Cir. 1984) ("Neither an officer nor an employee of a corporation has standing to bring an action in his own right for an antitrust violation causing injury to the corporation and its business"); Southwest Suburban Board of Realtors, Inc. v. Beverly Area Planning Ass'n, 830 F.2d 1374, 1378 (7th Cir. 1987) "Merely derivative injuries sustained by ... officers ... of an injured company do not constitute `antitrust injury' sufficient to confer antitrust standing"). In order to state a claim for relief and establish subject matter jurisdiction, a party's pleading must affirmatively establish that he has standing. See McKinney v. U.S. Dept. of Treasury, 799 F.2d 1544, 1555 (Fed. Cir. 1986) (to establish standing, complaint must allege facts sufficient to shown injury in fact); Mariana v. Fisher, 338 F.3d 189, 204-06 (3rd Cir. 2003) (affirming dismissal of complaint that failed to establish standing). Here, Mr. Kiefer's pleading affirmatively shows that he does not have standing. His Counterclaim should accordingly be dismissed.
Respectfully submitted, s/ Gary Peterson Gary Peterson OK 7068 211 N. Robinson Ave., Suite 450 South Oklahoma City, OK 73102 telephone: (405) 606-3367 fax: (866) 628-0506 email: email@example.com Sean V. Kemether PA 70816 Kelly Grimes Pietrangelo & Vakil, P.C. P.O. Box 1048 Media, PA 19063-0848 telephone: 610-565-2669 fax: 610-565-0780 email: firstname.lastname@example.org Attorneys for Third Party Plaintiff Leachco, Inc.
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE I certify that I electronically transmitted this document to the Clerk using the ECF System so as to cause transmittal of a Notice of a Electronic Filing to the following ECF registrant: Andrew J. Katsock, III Attorney for Babyage.com, Inc. and John M. Kiefer, Jr., on February 19, 2008.
s/ Gary Peterson