Hartman v. Smith et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER : Pursuant to Rule 41 (b) of the Federal Rules of civil Procedure, plaintiff's complaint is dismissed for failure to prosecute and comply with a court order. The Clerk of Court shall close this case. Any appeal from this order will be deemed frivolous, without probable cause and not taken in good faith. Signed by Honorable Malcolm Muir on 4/23/10. (bw, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA David Hartman, Plaintiff vs. LISA SMITH, et al., Defendants : : : No. 4:CV-08-2090 : : (Complaint Filed 11/19/08) : : (Judge Muir) : : : MEMORANDUM AND ORDER April 23, 2010 THE BACKGROUND OF THIS ORDER IS AS FOLLOWS: This is a civil rights action filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 by David Hartman, an inmate confined in the State Correctional Institution, Chester,(SCI-Chester), Pennsylvania. The named defendants are PrimeCare Medical Inc., Lisa Smith, Registered Nurse, Cumberland County Prison, and Fred
Culbertson, Work Release Manager. By Order dated June 10, 2009, defendants, PrimeCare Medical Inc. and Lisa Smith were dismissed from the instant action. (Doc. 16). On March 1, 2010, the remaining defendant, Fred Culbertson, filed a motion for summary judgment, along with a statement of
material facts and brief in support of same. Previously, specifically by Order dated to April a 1, 2010, in
(Docs. 21-23). plaintiff opposition was to
defendants' motion for summary judgment.
forewarned plaintiff that if he failed to file a brief within the required time, we would consider dismissing plaintiff's complaint under the authority of Rule 41(b) for failure to prosecute and comply with a court order. Id.
Generally, a dispositive motion may not be granted merely because it is unopposed. However, when a plaintiff fails to
prosecute or comply with a court order, the court may dismiss the action pursuant to Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. (1962). Link v. Wabash Railroad Co., 370 U.S. 626, 629
In Link, the Supreme Court stated: The authority of a federal trial court to dismiss a plaintiff's action with prejudice because of his failure to prosecute cannot seriously be doubted. The power to invoke this sanction is necessary in order to prevent undue delays in disposition of pending cases and to avoid congestion in the calendars of the District Courts. The power is of ancient origin, having its roots in judgments of nonsuit and non prosequitur entered at common law . . . . It has been expressly recognized in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) . . . .
Id. at 629-30.
The Court of Appeals for this circuit held in
Stackhouse v. Mazurkiewicz, 951 F.2d 29, 30 (3d Cir. 1991) that a district court should not dismiss a civil rights complaint brought by a former prisoner for failure to comply with a local rule requiring a response to a dispositive motion without examining the merits of the complaint. However, the Court of
Appeals did not vitiate the Supreme Court's decision in Link, Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure or the inherent power of the district court to impose the sanction of dismissal for failing to comply with a court order. the Court of Appeals specifically stated: In reaching our result, we do not suggest that the district court may never rely on the local rule to treat a motion to dismiss as unopposed and subject to dismissal without a merits analysis. There may be some cases where failure of a party to oppose a motion will indicate that the motion is in fact not opposed, particularly if the party is represented by an attorney and in that situation the rule may be appropriately invoked. Nor do we suggest that if a party fails to comply with the rule after a specific direction to comply from the court, the rule cannot be invoked. Id. at 30 (emphasis added); see also Mindek v. Rigatti, 964 F.2d 1369, 1373 (3d Cir. 1992) ("Poulis did not provide a magic formula whereby the decision to dismiss or not to dismiss a Instead,
plaintiff's complaint becomes a mechanical calculation . . . [N]ot all of the Poulis factors1 need be satisfied in order to dismiss a complaint. Instead, the decision must be made in the
context of the district court's extended contact with the litigant. Ultimately, the decision to dismiss constitutes an
exercise of the district court judge's discretion and must be given great deference by [the Court of Appeals]."). Plaintiff was advised of the requirements of Local Rule 7.6 by the standard practice order issued in this case on November 19, 2008,and specifically directed to comply with Local Rule 7.6 by filing a brief in opposition. (See Doc. 5). The Court
finds that the dilatoriness of plaintiff outweighs any of the other considerations set forth in Poulis. The court will,
pursuant to Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure,
The Court of Appeals in Poulis v. State Farm Fire and Casualty Co., 747 F.2d 863 (3d Cir. 1984) identified six factors that are appropriate to consider before dismissing a case for the plaintiff's late filing of a pretrial statement. The six factors are: (1) the extent of the party's personal responsibility; (2) the prejudice to the adversary caused by the failure to meet scheduling orders and respond to discovery; (3) a history of dilatoriness; (4) whether the conduct of the party or attorney was willful or in bad faith; (5) the effectiveness of sanctions other than dismissal which entails an analysis of alternative sanctions; and (6) the meritoriousness of the claim or defense.
dismiss plaintiff's complaint both for failure to prosecute and for failure to comply with a court order. An appropriate Order accompanies this Memorandum Opinion.
s/Malcolm Muir MUIR United States District Judge
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA David Hartman, Plaintiff vs. LISA SMITH, et al., Defendants : : : No. 4:CV-08-2090 : : (Complaint Filed 11/19/08) : : (Judge Muir) : : : ORDER April 23, 2010 ACCORDINGLY, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT: 1. Pursuant to Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, plaintiff's complaint is DISMISSED for failure to prosecute and comply with a court order. The Clerk of Court shall CLOSE this case. Any appeal from this order will be deemed frivolous, without probable cause and not taken in good faith.
s/Malcolm Muir MUIR United States District Judge