VODENICHAR et al v. HALCON ENERGY PROPERTIES, INC.
ORDER granting 33 Motion to Dismiss. Signed by Judge Arthur J. Schwab on 3/1/2013. (lmt)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
JEFFREY S. VODENICHAR, et al,
HALCON ENERGY PROPERTIES, INC.,
Before the Court is Plaintiffs’ Motion seeking a Court Order permitting them to
Voluntarily Dismiss their action pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(a)(2). Doc. No. 33. As explained
in their Motion, and as evidenced by their Complaint, Plaintiffs brought this class action lawsuit
for breach of contract against Defendant, Halcon Energy Properties, Inc. (“Halcon”). Doc. Nos.
1 and 33. Plaintiffs’ Complaint, which was predicated solely on diversity jurisdiction1 claimed
that Halcon had entered into gas and oil leases with the Plaintiffs and agreed to pay each Plaintiff
an amount set forth in the “Orders for Payment” which each Plaintiff executed and tendered to
Halcon. Doc. no. 1, ¶ 35.
Although Plaintiffs did not sue Co-eXprise, Inc. (“CX-Energy”), they identified this
entity as a Pennsylvania corporation which was in the business of “marketing oil and gas rights
of landowners [such as Plaintiffs] to gas and energy firms[.]” Id., ¶ 9. Plaintiffs also identified
Moracyzk and Polochak (“M&P) as a “law firm” located in Pennsylvania. Id. Plaintiffs then
alleged that M&P “worked together with CX-Energy” to form a “bargaining group for Mercer
Plaintiffs’ Complaint states that “each of the individual and representative Plaintiffs” was a citizen of
Pennsylvania, but Defendant was a resident of Texas and Delaware. The Complaint also pled that the
amount in controversy for the lead Plaintiff, Jeffrey Vodenichar, and for other Plaintiffs, namely David
and Leigh King (husband and wife), exceeded the $75,000.00 monetary threshold. Doc. No. 1, ¶ 6.
County landowners” (i.e., Plaintiffs), with the goal of obtaining “higher bonus payments, higher
royalty rates[,] and more attractive terms” from gas and energy companies (i.e., Halcon), by
offering the Plaintiffs’ lands as a whole. Id., ¶¶ 10-11. According to the Complaint, all of the
Plaintiffs in this class action were part of the “bargaining group” which became known as “Mt.
Jackson IV Landowner Group.” Id., ¶ 12.
Plaintiffs’ Complaint further alleges that in order to accomplish this goal, CX-Energy and
M&P entered into contracts – Landowner MarketPlace Agreements (“LMAs”) – with “thousands
of landowners in Mercer County” which entitled CX-Energy and M&P to “earn a transaction fee
for each lease they negotiated between a landowner in the group and a gas company.” Id., ¶¶ 1213. The Complaint further alleges that on June 2, 2012, Halcon entered into an agreement with
CX-Energy and M&P, who were acting as agents for the members of the Mt. Jackson IV
Landowner Group, i.e., Plaintiffs, wherein Halcon agreed to lease up to 60,000 acres of the oil
and gas rights from the landowners who had LMAs with CX-Energy and M&P (the “Halcon
Contract”).2 Id., ¶¶ 17-18.
This Court held an Initial Case Management Conference with the parties in open Court
on January 16, 2013, and the proceedings were recorded. On January 16, 2013, the Court
entered a Case Management Order requiring, in part, the parties to: (1) exchange all Rule
26(a)(1) information on or before January 25, 2013; (2) file all Amended Pleadings on or before
February 28, 2013; and (3) exchange discovery on or before June 14, 2013. Doc. No. 23. This
same Order also required Plaintiffs’ Expert Reports as well as their Motion for Class
Certification to be submitted by June 28, 2013. Id. The Court further ordered submission of
Defendant’s Expert Reports and its Response to Class Certification by July 12, 2013. The Court
Although Plaintiffs attached their respective LMAs with CX-Energy and M&P, they did not attach a
copy of the Halcon Contract to their Complaint, purportedly due to a confidentiality clause contained
within the body of that agreement. Id., ¶ 18.
set a hearing date of September 11, 2013, for the parties to argue the Motion for Class
Shortly after the Initial Case Management Conference, on January 24, 2013, in
compliance with Fed.R.Civ.P. 16, and L.R. 16.2, the parties filed a Stipulation Selecting
Alternative Dispute Resolution (“ADR”) Process. Doc. No. 24. The parties indicated in their
Stipulation that they had agreed to allow Dan Sandman to conduct an ADR session on or before
March 29, 2013. Id. Accordingly, this Court issued an Order referring this matter to Mr.
Sandman noting that he was to conduct an early neutral evaluation to be followed by mediation,
and that Plaintiffs (as a group) and Defendant were to equally bear the cost of his services. Doc.
No. 25. On February 11, 2013, at Halcon’s request, this Court modified its ADR Order allowing
the parties until April 15, 2013, to conclude their ADR conference with Mr. Sandman. Doc. No.
As noted above, on February 22, 2013, Plaintiffs filed the pending Motion seeking a
Court Order permitting them to Voluntarily Dismiss this lawsuit. Doc. No. 33. In their Brief in
Support of same, Plaintiffs noted that Defendant had recently indicated it intended to join CXEnergy and M&P, thereby destroying diversity and stripping this Court of subject matter
jurisdiction. Doc. no. 34, p. 2. In addition, Plaintiffs noted that due to Halcon’s allegations that
CX-Energy and M&P changed the language of the Halcon Contract, and these allegations – if
true – created claims for Plaintiffs against CX-Energy and M&P. Id. As a result of Halcon’s
allegations, Plaintiffs, not wanting to destroy this Court’s diversity jurisdiction, filed a lawsuit in
the Court of Common Pleas of Mercer County against CX-Energy and M&P.3 Id.
Plaintiffs’ lawsuit has been filed in Pennsylvania’s Court of Common Pleas of Mercer County at civil
docket number 2013-512 on February 22, 2013.
This Court concurs that Plaintiffs cannot bring their claims against CX-Energy and M&P
in this Court, without destroying diversity. As the Court has already explained, Plaintiffs’
Complaint solely asserts diversity as the foundation for this Court’s subject matter jurisdiction.
See 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a) and Doc. No. 1 ¶¶ 6-7.
In its Response to Plaintiffs’ Motion to Dismiss, Halcon contends that it “does not oppose
Plaintiffs’ desire to join CX-Energy and M&P as defendants in this action[,]” and Halcon also
agrees that “Plaintiffs’ claims against Halcon, CX-Energy and M&P [should be] heard by a
single Court.” Doc. no. 35, p. 2. However, Halcon also urges this Court to retain jurisdiction
under the Class Action Fairness Act (“CAFA”), 28 U.S.C. §1332(d), because of the discovery
produced to date by the current parties to this federal lawsuit, the nature of the discovery
produced (specifically, the electronic discovery), as well as the pending ADR process. Id.
Halcon’s Response also suggests that Plaintiffs knew of their potential claims against CXEnergy and M&P at the time they filed this federal lawsuit solely against Halcon. Id., p. 1.
Halcon’s Response requests that this Court retain jurisdiction of this matter under
CAFA’s local controversy exception (see doc no. 36, pp. 3-4), in part, because Halcon has been
subjected to the “extremely costly and time-consuming discovery in order to produce electronic
discovery in a timely fashion under the federal rules.”4 Id., p. 4. Halcon’s Response
alternatively requests that if this Court order the return of all electronic discovery in native
format if Plaintiffs’ Motion is granted. Id., p. 5.
This Court notes for the record that Plaintiffs’ jurisdictional statement in their Complaint
does not raise CAFA as a jurisdictional basis. This Court will grant Plaintiff’s Motion to
Voluntarily Dismiss this action for the following reasons: (1) the parties’ agree that all claims
Plaintiffs requested leave to file a Reply to the portion of Halcon’s Response concerning the possibility
that this Court retain jurisdiction under CAFA. See Doc. No. 37. This Court shall enter a subsequent
Order denying Plaintiffs’ Motion to file a Reply as moot in light of this Memorandum Order.
should be brought together in one forum, (2) federal diversity would be destroyed if the claims
against CX-Energy and M&P were joined to this federal action, and (3) because CAFA was not
pled by Plaintiffs in their Complaint as a basis for this Court’s jurisdiction over the claims
asserted against Defendant Halcon, this Court will not take a position at this juncture as to
whether CAFA – if it had been pled by Plaintiffs as a basis for federal court jurisdiction – would
provide the requisite federal jurisdiction over the claims. See Preiser v. Newkirk, 422 U.S. 395,
401 (1975) (a federal court has neither the power to render advisory opinions nor to decide
questions that cannot affect the rights of litigants in the case before them). However, this Court
notes that the Pennsylvania State Courts are intimately familiar and regularly adjudicate claims
pertaining to the contracts concerning oil and gas leases.
With respect to the pending ADR Order of Court (doc. no. 30), in light of the fact that
Halcon has averred that it has already spent considerable time and money producing discovery
pursuant to Rule 26, this Court finds that it would be in the best interests of the parties to this
action to complete the ADR process as this Court previously ordered. Rule 26 disclosures and
other discovery produced by the parties should not be returned in order to facilitate a meaningful
ADR session with Mr. Sandman and will further assist the parties to this action in the state court
action currently pending at docket no. 2013-512 in Pennsylvania’s Court of Common Pleas for
ORDER OF COURT
AND NOW, this Court, upon consideration of the foregoing Motion to Dismiss (doc.
no. 33) and Brief in Support filed by Plaintiffs (doc. no. 34), and Defendant’s Response (doc. no.
35) and its Brief in Response (doc. no. 36), it is hereby ORDERED that Plaintiffs’ Motion to
Voluntarily Dismiss their Complaint is GRANTED and that Plaintiffs’ claims against Halcon
over which this Court had original jurisdiction are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the parties to this federal lawsuit are required to
complete the ADR process on or before April 15, 2013, as previously ordered at Doc. No. 30,a
and that discovery already exchanged among the parties to this federal lawsuit in accordance
with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, need not be returned to the respective producing
s/ Arthur J. Schwab
Arthur J. Schwab
United States District Judge
All Registered ECF Counsel