Harris v. Blockbuster, Inc.
RESPONSE in Opposition re 27 Second MOTION to Change Venue filed by Cathryn Elaine Harris. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1)(Wilson, Jeremy)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS MARSHALL DIVISION CATHRYN ELAINE HARRIS, MARIO HERRERA, and MARY AM HOSSEINY on behalf of themselves and all others similarly situated, Plaintiffs, v. BLOCKBUSTER, INC. Defendant. CAUSE NO. 2:08-cv-00155 JUDGE: DAVID FULSOM PLAINTIFFS' RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S OPPOSED MOTION TO TRANSFER VENUE AND BRIEF IN SUPPORT TO THE HONORABLE JUDGE FOLSOM: Plaintiffs in the above-referenced suit files their Response to Defendant's Opposed Motion to Transfer Venue and Brief in Support, and would respectfully show the Court as follows: I. PRELIMINARY STATEMENT Blockbuster, Inc. ("Blockbuster") is a video rental company which literally operates world-wide. Blockbuster rents videocassettes and DVDs through its traditional "brick and mortar" stores, but also operates an online rental service whereby videos are mailed to customers who request them through Blockbuster's website. This lawsuit involves Blockbuster's routine disclosure of its customers' "personally identifiable information" to a company called Facebook. As described in Plaintiffs' First Amended Complaint, Facebook operates a social network website that is now ranked 7th in the world for website traffic. Facebook operates its website out of California. PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 1 The Video Privacy Protection Act 1 generally prohibits a video provider from disclosing "personally identifiable information" about its customers to a third party. Blockbuster can only avoid liability by demonstrating that its routine disclosure of its customers "personally identifiable information" was done with the customers "express written consent obtained at the time the disclosure is made." 2 Plaintiffs, on behalf of themselves and a nationwide class, contend that their "express written consent" was never obtained by Blockbuster, much less at the time Blockbuster disclosed their "personally identifiable information" to Facebook Thus, this litigation will focus primarily on the content of the disclosures made by Blockbuster to a California entity. This will require obtaining evidence from Facebook in California. It will be no more convenient to take depositions and review documents in California if this action is transferred to the Northern District of Texas. Furthermore, as will be discussed in more detail below, the fact that Defendant will need to use its own records to defend itself and call its own employees as witnesses does not warrant transfer to the Northern District of Texas. All of the non-California witnesses and evidence identified by Blockbuster are either plaintiffs or employees of Blockbuster. Furthermore, the Eastern District also has a strong interest in resolving this dispute. Blockbuster does not dispute that venue is proper in the Eastern District of Texas pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1391 3 and has, therefore, waived that argument. Instead, Blockbuster argues that it is inconvenient for it to defend its actions in the Eastern District of Texas. Although Blockbuster prefers to focus on its operations in the Northern District of Texas, its operations in the Eastern District of Texas simply cannot be understated. Blockbuster admits that it maintains a See 18 U.S.C. § 2710. See id. (emphasis added). 3 See 15 Wright & Miller: Federal Prac. & Proc. § 3842 ("Section 1404(a) presupposes that the court in which suit was filed is a proper venue."). In fact "[t]ransfer under §1404(a) is possible only if venue is proper in the original forum and federal jurisdiction existed there." See id. 2 1 PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 2 distribution center in McKinney, Texas, but fails to mention that this 850,000 square foot facility is the backbone of its national operations and supplies almost all of its stores with the videos they rent. 4 In short, Blockbuster does a substantial amount of business within the Eastern District of Texas. Despite this undeniable fact, Blockbuster maintains that it is inconvenient for it to bring its own employees to trial in the Eastern District of Texas. The Eastern District of Texas also has a strong interest in adjudicating this national class action lawsuit, based on actions of Defendant which violate hundreds of thousands consumers rights under the Video Privacy Protection Act. Undoubtedly, this lawsuit involves violations of the rights of numerous residents of the Eastern District. For these reasons, transfer of this action would be improper. Blockbuster seeks to fulfill a heavy burden of demonstrating that this Court is an inconvenient forum. In the recent Fifth Circuit opinion in In re Volkswagon of America, Inc., 5 the Court recognized the deference that should be given to a plaintiffs' choice of a forum and reiterated that it is Defendant's burden to overcome Plaintiff's forum choice by "clearly" demonstrating that the proposed venue choice is more conenient. As will be further demonstrated below, Blockbuster has failed to meet that burden and, accordingly, transfer of this action is not warranted. II. ARGUMENTS AND AUTHORITY A. The Standard For Discretionary Transfer Of Venue Requires The Court To Weigh All Relevant Factors. Blockbuster seeks to transfer this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a), which provides: "[f]or the convenience of parties and witnesses, in the interest of justice, a district court may See Blockbuster's 2006 10k filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission at pg. 36 (excerpt attached as Exhibit 1). 5 545 F.3d 304 (5th Cir. 2008). PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 3 4 transfer any civil litigation to any other district or division where it might have been brought." 6 The Supreme Court of the United States has explained that § 1404(a) is intended to place discretion in the district court to decide motions to transfer according to an "individualized, caseby-case consideration of convenience and fairness." 7 Accordingly, the decision to transfer a case under § 1404 rests within the sound discretion of the trial court. 8 In determining whether or not to grant a transfer of venue request pursuant to § 1404(a), the Court must consider "all relevant factors to determine whether or not on balance the litigation would more conveniently proceed and the interests of justice be better served by transfer to a different forum." 9 The factors considered in a court's decision regarding transferring venue fall into two groups: 1) "those relating to the convenience of the litigants"; and 2) "those relating to the public interest in the fair and efficient administration of justice." 10 The private concerns include: (1) the relative ease of access to sources of proof; (2) the availability of compulsory process to secure the attendance of witnesses; (3) the cost of attendance for willing witnesses; and (4) all other practical problems that make trial of a case easy, expeditious and inexpensive. 11 Further, the factors related to the public interest in the fair and efficient administration of justice consist of: 1) the administrative difficulties caused by court congestion; 2) the local interest in adjudicating local disputes; 3) the unfairness of burdening citizens in an unrelated forum with jury duty; and 4) the avoidance of unnecessary 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). Stewart Organization, Inc. v. Ricoh Corp., 487 U.S. 22, 29 (1988) (quoting Van Dusen v. Barrack, 376 U.S. 612, 622 (1946)). 8 See Jarvis Christian College v. Exxon Corp., 845 F.2d 523, 528 (5th Cir. 1988). 9 15 WRIGHT, MILLER, & COOPER, FEDERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE: Jurisdiction 2d § 3847 (2005); see also Peteet v. Dow Chemical Co., 868 F.2d 1428, 1436 (5th Cir. 1989). 10 Mohamed v. Mazda Motor Corp., 90 F. Supp. 2d 757, 771 (E.D. Tex. 2000) (internal citations omitted); Gulf Oil Corp. v. Gilbert, 330 U.S. 501, 508-509 (1947) (forum non conveniens). 11 In re Volkswagen AG 371 F.3d 201, 203 (C.A.5 (Tex.),2004); Mohamed, 90 F. Supp. 2d at 771; see also Gulf Oil Corp. v. Gilbert, 330 U.S. 501, 508-509 (1947) (forum non conveniens). 7 6 PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 4 problems in conflict of laws. 12 In balancing all relevant factors in the Court's determination "certain factors . . . merit special consideration" like "the plaintiff's choice of forum" and the "difference in docket congestion." 13 Finally, the party moving for a change in venue bears the burden of "clearly" demonstrating why the forum should be changed. 14 To prevail, the movant must convincingly establish that the balance of convenience and justice weighs heavily in favor of the transfer. 15 This Court specifically asked the parties to brief the Court on the effect of the recently decided case of In Re Volkswagon of America, Inc. ("Volkswagon II") 16 on the pending litigation. Volkswagon II essentially adopts all of the above propositions in its analysis, as will be more fully demonstrated herein. B. Application Of The Relevant Discretionary Transfer Of Venue Factors Strongly Favors Adjudication Of This Matter In The Eastern District Of Texas. In reviewing the relevant factors, it becomes clear that this matter should be resolved in the Eastern District of Texas. The factors related to the convenience of the parties as well as the factors related to the public interest in the fair and efficient administration of justice support this conclusion. Each of these will be analyzed below. Id. Box v. Ameritrust Texas, N.A., 810 F. Supp. 776, 780 (E.D. Tex. 1992). 14 See e.g., Time, Inc. v. Manning, 366 F.2d 690, 698 (5th Cir. 1966). 15 Gundle Lining Construction Corp. v. Fireman's Fund Ins. Co., 844 F. Supp. 1163, 1165 (S.D. Tex. 1994) ("To prevail, the moving party must show that the balance of convenience and justice weights heavily in favor of the transfer. Therefore, when assessing the merits of a § 1404(a) motion, a court must determine if a transfer would make it substantially more convenient for the parties to litigate the case.") (internal citations omitted). 16 545 F.3d 304 (5th Cir. 2008). 13 12 PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 5 1. The Factors Related to The Convenience of the Parties Weighs Against Transfer. a. Defendant Still has Not Demonstrated "Good Cause" to Transfer this Action. Contrary to its assertions, Defendant still bears the burden of "clearly" demonstrating "good cause" as to why this action should be transferred. 17 In Volkswagon II, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals held that "he who seeks the transfer must show good cause." "This `good cause' burden reflects the appropriate deference to which the plaintiff's choice of venue is entitled. When viewed in the context of § 1404(a), to show good cause means that a moving party, in order to support its claim for a transfer, must satisfy the statutory requirements and clearly demonstrate that a transfer is "[f]or the convenience of parties and witnesses, in the interest of justice." Thus, when the transferee venue is not clearly more convenient than the venue chosen by the plaintiff, the plaintiff's choice should be respected. When the movant demonstrates that the transferee venue is clearly more convenient, however, it has shown good cause and the district court should therefore grant the transfer." 18 Thus, Blockbuster is imposed with the burden of "clearly" establishing that transfer is warranted and that Plaintiffs' choice of forum should be overruled. When one closely examines the factors discussed by Blockbuster, however, it becomes clear that Blockbuster has failed to meet that burden. b. The Relative East of Access to Sources of Proof. Blockbuster's claim that proof would be more easily obtained in The Northern District ignores modern technology. When the United States Supreme Court decided Gulf Oil in 1947 law offices were not equipped with copiers, computers, or scanners, and the video camera and email had yet to be conceived. In this modern era of videotaped depositions, pdf files, e-mail, and 17 18 See Volkswagon, 545 F.3d at 304. See id. Page 6 PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE computers, the accessibility and location of sources of proof has become decreasingly important. 19 In Volkswagon II, the Fifth Circuit did not overrule this observation, but simply recognized that "access to some sources of proof presents a lesser inconvenience now than it might have absent recent developments does not render this factor superfluous." 20 This statement must be read in light of the fact, however, that Volkswagon II, involved a car wreck taking place in Dallas and involving numerous fact witnesses and the collision site located in Dallas. The Fifth Circuit simply recognized that even though the documents themselves might be easily produced between the parties, getting depositions of these non-party witnesses and evaluation of the collision site are no more easily obtained because of modern technology. Thus, the Fifth Circuit basically concluded that just because the documents are easier to obtain, does not mean that all evidence is easier to obtain and that the District Court failed to consider this other evidence. Blockbuster claims that since witnesses and evidence are located in Dallas County, this case should be transferred. The fact is, however, that the only evidence involved in this case is contained on computers belonging to Blockbuster and Facebook. It is no more difficult for Blockbuster to access its own computers, or allow inspection of those computers by Plaintiff if this case is heard in the Eastern District of Texas. Plaintiffs are obviously wiling to make themselves available in Dallas for their depositions. Plaintiffs are also certainly willing to depose Blockbuster employees in Dallas, as counsel for both parties are located in Dallas. Thus, there should be no access to proof problems which would be alleviated by transfer. It is somewhat disingenuous for Blockbuster to argue that access to sources of proof already in its Mohamed, 90 F. Supp. 2d 757, 778 (E.D. Tex. 2000) ("Typically, the accessibility and location of sources of proof should weigh only slightly in this Court's transfer analysis, particularly since these factors have been given decreasing emphasis due to advances in copying technology and information storage.") (citing Arrow Elecs., Inc. v. Ducommun, Inc. 724 F. Supp. 264, 266 (S.D.N.Y. 1989); Houk v. Kimberly-Clark Corp., 613 F. Supp. 923, 932 (W.D. Mo 1985)) 20 See Volkswagon II, 545 F.3d at 316. PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 7 19 possession somehow warrants transfer. Unlike in Volkswagon II, there are no non-party fact witnesses located in the Northern District. Only documentary evidence. And nothing in Volkswagon II prohibits this Court from recognizing that documents are much easier to obtain in other districts and the fact that computers and documents may be located in another district does not, by itself, warrant transfer to that district. As for evidence in Facebook's possession, that evidence becomes no more accessible if this case is transferred to the Northern District. As noted by Blockbuster, Facebook remains outside of the subpoena power of both the Northern and Eastern Districts. Thus, information from Facebook will have to be obtained in California. This is no easier if the case is in the Northern District. In short, Blockbuster has failed to identify any piece of evidence which will be more easily obtained in the Northern District than in the Eastern District. Thus, this factor does not really favor either party's position. Unlike in Volkswagon II, where numerous fact witnesses to an automobile accident were located in Dallas, this case does not involve medical professionals, police officers, or third party bystander witnesses who would be required to travel to this forum. In short, all of the evidence necessary to try this case is already in the possession of the parties to this lawsuit, except for that evidence in the possession of Facebook. Moving this case to the Northern District does not make it any easier to obtain evidence and deposition testimony from a California company. Blockbuster has simply failed to demonstrate how this factor warrants transfer. And Blockbuster has certainly not demonstrated why this factor should "clearly" trump Plaintiffs' venue choice. c. The Availability of Compulsory Process to Secure the Attendance of Witnesses. Blockbuster admits that this factor would have no relevance for any Facebook witnesses, as those witnesses reside in California and are outside of the subpoena power of both of the proposed and existing venues. Amazingly, however, Blockbuster contends that compulsory PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 8 process might be necessary to secure the testimony of its own employees. Defendant names four witnesses it intends to call. Each of these witnesses are said to work at 1201 Elm Street, Dallas, Texas. It is clear from a review of the job titles, that these witnesses are, in fact, Blockbuster employees. Defendant takes the position that the inconvenience to its own employees warrants transfer despite authority which states that "[a] defendant's motion to transfer under s 1404(a) may be denied when the witnesses are employees of the defendant and their presence can be obtained by that party." 21 Nothing in Volkswagon II overrules this authority. Volkswagon II, discusses compulsory service in the context of non-party witnesses. Volkswagon II also based its conclusion on the fact that, in that case, there was a Court having compulsory process over all non-party witnesses. Here that is not the case. The Northern District of Dallas has no greater control over witnesses in California than does this Court. As the only witnesses identified by Defendant, other than those from California, are Defendant's employees, this factor is, at a minimum, not helpful to Defendant. Thus, we are still left without a factor which would meet Blockbuster's "good cause" burden and warrant overruling Plaintiffs' legitimate venue choice in this case. d. The Cost of Attendance for Willing Witnesses. The party seeking transfer "must clearly specify the key witnesses to be called and make a general statement of what their testimony will cover." 22 Blockbuster completely fails to Galonis v. National Broadcasting Co., Inc. 498 F.Supp. 789, 793 (D.C.N.H., 1980)("A defendant's motion to transfer under s 1404(a) may be denied when the witnesses are employees of the defendant and their presence can be obtained by that party. WRIGHT, MILLER & COOPER, supra, s 3851 at 267-68. Since the defendants can compel their employees to testify in New Hampshire, there is little fear that their "live" testimony will be sacrificed by the New Hampshire venue.); see also Boutte v. Cenac Towing, Inc. 346 F.Supp.2d 922, 933 (S.D.Tex.,2004)(" The convenience of witnesses who are also employees of a defendant are entitled to less weight, because the defendant can compel their testimony at trial. See, e.g., Robertson v. M/V CAPE HUNTER, 979 F.Supp. 1105, 1107 (S.D.Tex.1997)."). Fletcher v. Southern Pac. Transp. Co., 648 F. Supp. 1400, 1402 (E.D. Tex. 1986) (internal quotations and citations omitted). PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 9 22 21 consider, however, whether "it [is for] the convenience of non-party witnesses, rather than that of party witnesses, that is the more important factor . . ." 23 Blockbuster has made no credible argument that it is more convenient for California witnesses to travel to Marshall than to Dallas in the event that they choose to willingly testify at trial. First, these witnesses' testimony will likely be obtained by deposition. Should these witnesses prove necessary for trial, and they are willing to travel for trial, the fact that they would have to travel a bit further to Marshall than to Dallas hardly warrants transfer of this litigation. As for the remaining witnesses, they appear to be Blockbuster employees and courts have previously held that transfer is not warranted simply for the convenience of witnesses who are employees of a defendant. 24 Nothing in Volkswagon II changes this analysis. As Courts have recognized, this factor relates to primarily non-party witnesses. However, should the Court decide to give weight to this factor, that weight should be slight. The fact that Blockbuster operates an 850,000 square foot distribution facility in the Eastern District suggests that it is hardly inconvenient for Blockbuster to defend a lawsuit in the Eastern District of Texas. Blockbuster's distribution facility operates as its national hub for distribution of video materials to its hundreds of stores around the country. Numerous Blockbuster employees work at this facility. Based on these substantial operations within the Eastern District, it is hardly unfair to Mohamed v. Mazda Motor Corp., 90 F. Supp.2d 757, 775 (E.D. Tex. 2000) (internal quotations and citations omitted). ("Moreover, it is the convenience of non-party witnesses, rather than that of party witnesses, that is the more important factor and is accorded greater weight in a transfer of venue analysis." State Street Capital Corp., 855 F.Supp. at 198 (citing Aquatic Amusement Assoc., Ltd. v. Walt Disney World Co., 734 F.Supp. 54, 57 (N.D.N.Y.1990); DEV Indus., Inc. v. NPC, Inc., 763 F.Supp. 313, 315 (N.D.Ill.1991); Designs by Glory, Ltd. v. Manhattan Creative Jewelers, Inc., 657 F.Supp. 1257, 1259 (S.D.N.Y.1987)). ") Galonis v. National Broadcasting Co., Inc. 498 F.Supp. 789, 793 (D.C.N.H., 1980)("A defendant's motion to transfer under s 1404(a) may be denied when the witnesses are employees of the defendant and their presence can be obtained by that party. WRIGHT, MILLER & COOPER, supra, s 3851 at 267-68. Since the defendants can compel their employees to testify in New Hampshire, there is little fear that their "live" testimony will be sacrificed by the New Hampshire venue.); see also Boutte v. Cenac Towing, Inc. 346 F.Supp.2d 922, 933 (S.D.Tex.,2004)(" The convenience of witnesses who are also employees of a defendant are entitled to less weight, because the defendant can compel their testimony at trial. See, e.g., Robertson v. M/V CAPE HUNTER, 979 F.Supp. 1105, 1107 (S.D.Tex.1997)."). PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 10 24 23 require Blockbuster to appear in the Eastern District. Thus, Defendant has failed to meet its burden on this factor. This factor does not weigh in favor of transfer. Even if the Court should give it some weight, it is hardly sufficient to clearly demonstrate that transfer is warranted. e. All Other Practical Problems That Make Trial Of A Case Easy, Expeditious, and Inexpensive. Blockbuster does not really add anything new to the analysis in its evaluation of this factor. Blockbuster's argument essentially boils down to this: the facilities it chooses to discuss are located in Dallas; thus it would prefer to be sued there. Given Blockbuster's pervasive presence in the Eastern District of Texas, however, this factor should carry little weight with the Court. After reviewing the several factors identified above, it is clear that none of them actually demonstrate that this case is any more conveniently tried in the Northern District of Texas than in the Eastern District. The identified factors are certainly insufficient to overcome Blockbuster's burden of "clearly" demonstrating that Plaintiffs' legitimate choice of a forum should be overruled. Of course, the Court is also required to consider the public interest factors. As will be demonstrated below, those factors do not warrant transfer either.. 2. The Factors Related to the Public Interest in the Fair and Efficient Administration of Justice Weigh Against Transfer. As mentioned above, the factors related to the public interest in the fair and efficient administration of justice weigh against transfer. Each of those factors will be discussed below. a. Administrative difficulty weighs strongly against transferring this case to the Northern District of Texas. As mentioned above, the median time to jury trial in the Eastern District is 17 months while the median time to jury trial in the Northern District is 21 months. Moreover, the Eastern District of Texas implemented a Civil Justice Expense and Delay Reduction Plan--pursuant to PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 11 the Civil Justice Reform Act of 1990 25 well over a decade ago. 26 Thus, any attempt by Defendant to stymie or unnecessarily prolong the discovery process in this case will be dealt with swiftly in the Eastern District of Texas. Additionally, not only are more civil cases filed in the Northern District of Texas, 27 but more cases also reach trial in the Northern District of Texas. 28 Finally, the Eastern District of Texas Local Rule CV-26 evidences the significant efforts made by the Court to endeavor to move the discovery process along and bring cases before it to trial. 29 Accordingly, this factor too weighs against transfer. At best this factor is a non-factor. Both Courts are busy and this case should not cause significant congestion on either Courts' docket. In any event, this factor, standing alone, is an insufficient basis to overcome Plaintiffs' choice of venue in this case. 28 U.S.C. § 471 et seq. Box v. Ameritrust Texas, N.A., 810 F. Supp. 776, 781 (E.D. Tex. 1992). 27 It should also be noted that the Eastern District of Texas has a relatively small criminal docket relative to the Northern District of Texas. 28 See Federal Judicial Caseload Statistics, Statistical Table C-10 (Sept. 2007), http://www.uscourts.gov/judbus2007/appendices/C10Sep07.pdf. 29 E.D. Tex. LR CV-26. 26 25 PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 12 b. The Local Interest of Having Localized Interests Decided at Home. Blockbuster erroneously claims that the alleged wrong occurred within The Northern District. The alleged wrong in this case is the disclosure of Plaintiffs' "personally identifiable information" to a California entity. Facebook operates in California. The information which was wrongfully disclosed, was wrongfully disclosed in California. All of the evidence of the contents of those wrongful disclosures is contained on Facebook's computers, in California. The fact that Blockbuster may wish to rely on information on its own computers in Dallas to attempt to excuse this wrongful disclosure does not change the fact that the disclosure is the underlying violation of the Video Privacy Protection Act, and the wrongful disclosure was made in California. Thus, this factor does not weigh in favor of transfer. Blockbuster also argues there is no local interest in adjudicating this cause in the Eastern District. Due to its pervasive presence in the Eastern District, however, the citizens of the Eastern District has an interest in regulating Blockbuster's behavior. As mentioned above, Blockbuster has substantial facilities in the Eastern District of Texas and the Courts of the Eastern District clearly have an interest in resolving allegations that Blockbuster is violating its customers' (many of whom reside in the Eastern District) 30 rights under Federal law. For these reasons, the Eastern District of Texas has an interest of this lawsuit. Volkswagon II does not change this analysis. In Volkswagon II, the Court was concerned that Volkswagon of America would be subject to suit anywhere in the country because its presence was no more prevalent in the Eastern District than anywhere else in the Country. This is not the case here. The Eastern Defendant merely attempts to confuse this issue by asserting that venue is only determined by looking at the residence of the proposed class representatives. While this is true in determining whether venue is proper in the first instance venue has already been established in the Eastern District the class allegations' connections to the Eastern District can certainly be considered when a transfer is sought under section 1404. See Saperstone v. Kapelow 279 F.Supp. 781, 783 (D.C.N.Y. 1968) ("Finally, it must be remembered that plaintiffs sue not only for themselves, but on behalf of the stockholders of American. The weight to be given to this factor has been referred to in Koster v. Lumbermens Mut. Cas. Co., 330 U.S. 518, 525-526, 67 S.Ct. 828, 91 L.Ed. 1067 (1947)"). 30 PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 13 District has an interest in adjudicating the allegations of wrongdoing against a Defendant with such pervasive activities in this district. Thus, this factor does not help Blockbuster in meeting its burden "clearly" establishing that transfer is warranted. Thus, transfer of this action is not warranted. c. As residents of the Eastern District have a strong interest in the outcome of this case, serving on the jury is not an unfair burden. For the reasons above, it is not unfair to ask the citizens of the Eastern District of Texas to serve as members of the jury in this case. As such, this factor also weighs against transfer. d. No conflict of law will arise. If this Court chose to transfer this cause to the Northern District of Texas, federal and Texas law would still apply. Accordingly, this factor should not weigh either way in this Court's transfer analysis. III. CONCLUSION As the factors relating to the convenience of the litigants as well as the factors relating to the public interest in the fair and efficient administration of justice favor the adjudication of this case in the Eastern District of Texas. Certainly, Defendant has failed to meet is burden of "clearly" demonstrating that this action should be transferred to the Northern District of Texas. Plaintiff respectfully requests that Defendant's Motion to Transfer Venue be denied. PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 14 Respectfully submitted, THE COREA FIRM, P.L.L.C. _/s/ Jeremy R. Wilson Jeremy R. Wilson State Bar No. 24037722 The Republic Center 325 North St. Paul Street, Suite 4150 Dallas, Texas 75201 Telephone: (214) 953-3900 Facsimile: (214) 953-3901 ATTORNEYS FOR PLAINTIFF CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE This is to certify that a true and correct copy of the foregoing document has been forwarded to the following counsel of record via facsimile on this the 10th day of December, 2008. _/s/ Jeremy R. Wilson_______________________ Jeremy R. Wilson PLAINTIFF'S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO TRANFER VENUE Page 15