Bedrock Computer Technologies, LLC v. Softlayer Technologies, Inc. et al
RESPONSE in Opposition re 219 MOTION to Intervene filed by Bedrock Computer Technologies, LLC. (Cawley, Douglas)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS TYLER DIVISION BEDROCK COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES LLC, Plaintiff, v. SOFTLAYER TECHNOLOGIES, INC., et al. Defendants. § § § § § § § § § § §
CASE NO. 6:09-cv-269-LED Jury Trial Demanded
BEDROCK'S RESPONSE TO RED HAT'S MOTION TO INTERVENE
I. INTRODUCTION On June 16, 2009, Plaintiff Bedrock Computer Technologies ("Bedrock") brought this lawsuit ("Bedrock I") against companies using certain versions of the Linux kernel and infringing the '120 patent. Bedrock did not, however, sue Red Hat, Inc. ("Red Hat"). Half a year later, Red Hat filed a declaratory judgment action against Bedrock in this District (Civil Action No. 6:09-cv-549) ("Bedrock II" or "DJ"). Now, another half a year later, Red Hat is moving to intervene in this case even though it has already chosen to litigate against Bedrock via its DJ action, even though the motion to intervene is not timely, even though Red Hat is suffering no prejudice in litigating its case through its DJ action, and without presenting any argument as to why its DJ action is somehow insufficient. Simply put, when Red Hat decided to litigate its interests in a declaratory judgment action, it lost any rationale that it might have otherwise had to intervene under Fed. R. Civ. P. 24. II. ARGUMENT Fed. R. Civ. P. 24 ("Rule 24") allows a party to intervene as a matter of right under Rule 24(a) or through permission of a court under Rule 24(b): (a) Intervention of Right. On timely motion, the court must permit anyone to intervene who: ... (2) claims an interest relating to the property or transaction that is the subject of the action, and is so situated that disposing of the action may as a practical matter impair or impede the movant's ability to protect its interest, unless existing parties adequately represent that interest. (b) Permissive Intervention. (1) In General. On timely motion, the court may permit anyone to intervene who: ... -2Dallas 304514v1
(B) has a claim or defense that shares with the main action a common question of law or fact. Fed. R. Civ. P. 24. Red Hat, in its motion, discusses the necessary elements of Rule 24 to present a straightforward--but specious--application of the law governing intervention. Red Hat's motion is untimely and falls apart when it is considered that Red Hat has already decided to file its declaratory judgment action. A. Red Hat Has Already Filed a Declaratory Judgment Action. The law is clear: a plaintiff has "no right to maintain two separate actions involving the same subject matter at the same time in the same court and against the same defendant[s]." Oliney v. Gardner, 771 F.2d 856, 859 (5th Cir. 1985) (quoting Walton v. Eaton Corp., 563 F.2d 66, 70 (3d Cir. 1977) (en banc)). On December 9, 2009, Red Hat came to a fork in the road: it could file its own declaratory judgment action against Bedrock, or it could move to intervene in this case. Red Hat opted to file its own declaratory judgment action. From that point onward, Red Hat could not initiate a duplicative action against Bedrock. See Oliney, 771 F.2d at 859. Red Hat's motion to intervene seeks to do just that. Compare Red Hat's Complaint in
Intervention (Dkt. No. 220) with Red Hat's Complaint for Declaratory Judgment, Red Hat, Inc. v. Bedrock Computer Techs., Case No. 6:09-cv-549 (E.D. Tex Dec. 9, 2009) (Dkt. No. 1). To intervene, Red Hat would first need to dismiss its own declaratory judgment action. But because Bedrock has already answered Red Hat's DJ complaint, Red Hat cannot, without Court order, dismiss its DJ action, see Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1)(A)(i), and Red Hat has made no such motion. In this way, Red Hat has already chosen its course in litigating against Bedrock, and its time to change its mind and switch courses has passed.
B. Red Hat's Motions for Intervention Under Rule 24(a) and 24(b) Are Not Timely Motions for intervention under both Rule 24(a) and 24(b) must be timely. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 24. Red Hat moved to intervene in Bedrock I on June 1, 2010. This is nearly six months after Red Hat chose to file its own declaratory judgment action rather than move to intervene in this case. In its motion, however, Red Hat ignores this critical fact and instead attempts to establish that its motion is timely merely by pointing to the fact that this case is still in the discovery phase. See Mot. (Dkt. Not. 219) at 6-8. This is completely beside the point. Red Hat must have known that intervention was an alternative to filing its own declaratory judgment action, but for whatever reason, it waited six months to move to intervene. In this way, Red Hat has, itself, demonstrated that its motion to intervene is not timely. Alternatively, Red Hat will suffer no prejudice by litigating its rights via its declaratory judgment action. Red Hat claims that it would be "severely prejudiced" absent intervention and therefore must be permitted to intervene so as "to exonerate RHEL." These highly charged arguments, however, ignore the facts that (i) Red Hat has already filed a declaratory judgment action against Bedrock and (ii) Red Hat's declaratory judgment lawsuit is set for trial six months after this case. When these facts are taken into consideration, Red Hat's choice to file its own DJ action undercuts the dire need to intervene that it now paints for the Court. When Red Hat filed its own DJ action, it made the choice to initiate a separate lawsuit rather than seek intervention at that point in time, and only Red Hat is responsible for that decision. Moreover, the time between the Bedrock I and Bedrock II trials--six months--is the same amount of time that Red Hat delayed in bringing its motion to intervene:
When Red Hat tries its declaratory judgment action, Red Hat will have the full opportunity to present its case and "exonerate RHEL." So if a six month delay for filing its motion to intervene is timely under Rule 24, then a six month delay in trying the DJ action it brought is just as timely--and Red Hat therefore has no need to intervene. C. Because Red Hat Ignores Its Own Declaratory Judgment Action, Its Motion for Intervention Under Rule 24(a) Falls Apart. Red Hat fails to consider the potential implications of its DJ action on its eligibility for intervention in this case. As such, Red Hat makes many unqualified statements in support of intervention when most of these statements should be heavily discounted: · Red Hat claims that it has a "direct, substantial, and legally protectable interest in this case," see Mot. at 8, without acknowledging its legal interests in the DJ action that it chose to bring; · Red Hat claims that it "unquestionably has interest in defending the technology that it helps to develop," see Mot. at 9, without mentioning that these interests are already being litigated in the DJ action;
Red Hat claims that it "cannot adequately defend RHEL or its current and potential customers if it is not permitted to intervene in Bedrock I," see Mot. at 9, paying no mind to the fact that Bedrock II is set for trial just six months after Bedrock I;
Red Hat claims that it will be "relegated to the sidelines and may be subjected to any adverse ruling flowing from Bedrock I" see Mot. at 9, while omitting that Red Hat shares counsel with some Bedrock I defendants and most likely participates in their joint defense concurrent to its own defense;
Red Hat claims that, through intervention, "Red Hat will best be able to protect its interests and the use the Court's resources efficiently," see Mot. at 10, while ignoring that, because Red Hat chose to file its own DJ action, there will be two lawsuits taxing the Court's resources regardless of Red Hat's intervention; and
Red Hat claims that only it "can protect its interests vigorously and thoroughly, given its depth of knowledge and experience with RHEL, and its access to the information critical to the development and function of RHEL and the Linux kernel," see Mot. at 11, without making any showing that its engineers had anything to do with the development of the Linux code at the heart of the accused infringement.
Red Hat justifies its motion for intervention with sweeping, unqualified statements, like those above, and little else. As such, Red Hat has failed to demonstrate that intervention is warranted--let alone appropriate--and its motion for intervention under Rule 24(a) should likewise fail. D. Red Hat's Motion for Intervention Under Rule 24(b) Is Similarly Deficient. Red Hat's motion for intervention under Rule 24(b) also ignores its own declaratory judgment action and should be denied. As discussed above, both Rule 24(a) and 24(b) require
the motion to be "timely," and Red Hat's motion is not timely. Further, Red Hat cites Reid v. General Motors Corp., 240 F.R.D. 257 (E.D. Tex. Dec. 19, 2006) (Folsom, J.) and Tivo, Inc. v. AT&T, Inc., No. 2:09-cv-00259 (E.D. Tex. March 31, 2010) (Folsom, J.) for the proposition that this District "routinely permit[s] manufacturers to intervene permissively." See Mot. at 11. There is no indication in either of those cases that the intervenor first decided to file its own declaratory judgment action, reconsidered, and then moved to intervene six months later. Those cases are therefore inapposite. A case closer to the instant procedural posture is iWork Software, LLC v. Corporate Exp., Inc., No. 02-cv-6355, 2003 WL 22494851, at *5 (N.D. Ill. 2003), where the court denied a motion to intervene in part by noting that webMethods, the would-be intervenor, "has already brought a separate declaratory judgment action for non-infringement of its software and invalidity of [the patent in suit]."1 The court there recognized that "[t]o allow webMethods to present the same arguments and evidence again would not be in the interests of justice or judicial efficiency." Id. Similarly, Red Hat should not be permitted to intervene here. III. CONCLUSION For the reasons stated above, Bedrock respectfully asks the Court to deny Red Hat's motion for intervention.
To be sure, iWork Software differs from the case at hand in that the declaratory judgment action there was not pending but had been dismissed for lack of case or controversy. See iWork, 2003 WL 22494851, at *5. This distinction, though, does not diminish the rationale behind the denial of the motion for intervention. If anything, the rationale is stronger with a pending declaratory judgment action because intervention would allow Red Hat "to present its same arguments and evidence" in two, simultaneous actions and "would not be in the interests of justice or judicial efficiency." See id.; see also Oliney, 771 F.2d at 859. -7Dallas 304514v1
DATED: June 25, 2010
Respectfully submitted, McKOOL SMITH, P.C. /s/ Douglas A. Cawley Sam F. Baxter Texas Bar No. 01938000 McKOOL SMITH, P.C. firstname.lastname@example.org 104 E. Houston Street, Suite 300 P.O. Box 0 Marshall, Texas 75670 Telephone: (903) 923-9000 Facsimile: (903) 923-9099 Douglas A. Cawley, Lead Attorney Texas Bar No. 04035500 email@example.com Theodore Stevenson, III Texas Bar No. 19196650 firstname.lastname@example.org J. Austin Curry Texas Bar No. 24059636 email@example.com Jonathan R. Yim Texas Bar No. 24066317 firstname.lastname@example.org McKOOL SMITH, P.C. 300 Crescent Court, Suite 1500 Dallas, Texas 75201 Telephone: 214-978-4000 Facsimile: 214-978-4044 Robert M. Parker Texas Bar No. 15498000 Robert Christopher Bunt Texas Bar No. 00787165 PARKER, BUNT & AINSWORTH, P.C. 100 E. Ferguson, Suite 1114 Tyler, Texas 75702 Telephone: 903-531-3535 Facsimile: 903-533-9687 E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ATTORNEYS FOR PLAINTIFF BEDROCK COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES LLC -8-
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE The undersigned certifies that true and correct copies of the foregoing document were filed via CM/ECF, and were thereby made available to all counsel of record. /s/ J. Austin Curry J. Austin Curry