Bedrock Computer Technologies, LLC v. Softlayer Technologies, Inc. et al
SUR-REPLY to Reply to Response to Motion re 246 SEALED PATENT MOTION TO COMPEL FROM GOOGLE AND MATCH.COM A COMPLETE RESPONSE TO BEDROCK'S FIFTH INTERROGATORY filed by Google Inc., Match.Com LLC. (Attachments: # 1 Affidavit, # 2 Exhibit A.7)(Briggs, Todd)
Bedrock Computer Technologies, LLC v. Softlayer Technologies, Inc. et al
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS TYLER DIVISION BEDROCK COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES LLC, Plaintiff, v. SOFTLAYER TECHNOLOGIES, INC., et al., Defendants. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
CASE NO. 6:09≠CV≠00269 Hon. Leonard E. Davis
JURY TRIAL DEMANDED
GOOGLE'S AND MATCH.COM'S SURREPLY IN OPPOSITION TO BEDROCK'S MOTION TO COMPEL A COMPLETE RESPONSE TO ITS FIFTH INTERROGATORY AND GOOGLE'S AND MATCH.COM'S REPLY IN SUPPORT OF THEIR CROSS-MOTION TO COMPEL A COMPLETE RESPONSE TO THEIR SIXTH INTERROGATORIES
BEDROCK'S MOTION TO COMPEL SHOULD BE DENIED Contrary to Bedrock's claims, Defendants Google Inc. and Match.com, LLC
("Defendants") have not refused damages related discovery. In fact, Defendants have provided the financial information sought by Bedrock's interrogatories and are willing to provide additional information relating to Bedrock's apparent damages theory. Bedrock's interrogatories to Defendants seek financial information for any part of Defendants' businesses "relying upon to any degree a server or network of servers executing any Accused Version of Linux." Because it applies to any use of these servers, no matter how incidental or trivial, this very broad request covers virtually every aspect of Defendants' businesses. Consequently, Defendants produced their SEC quarterly and yearly filings, which provide detailed financial information for Defendants' entire businesses, including their current assets, liabilities, gross revenues, costs and expenses, and net income.1 provided the financial information responsive to Bedrock's interrogatory.2 Bedrock argues that citations to SEC filings are "insufficient because  10ks do not provide revenue data separately for each business unit, do not provide cost data separately for each business unit, and do not affirmatively indicate reliance or use of the Accused Instrumentalities." Bedrock's Mot. to Compel at 3. However, Bedrock's interrogatories Thus, Defendants
specifically requested that Defendants provide their financial information "with the data
Google pointed Bedrock to the location of these documents, which are available online, in its interrogatory response and produced these documents on June 30, 2010 as documents Bates labeled GGL-BED00037986 to GGL-BED00040067. Similarly, Match.com produced these documents on June 30, 2010 as documents Bates labeled MATCH00002177 to MATCH00005226. The financial information in these SEC filings results from a rigorous analysis of each company's financial condition and is certified by an independent auditor and each company's management. Bedrock's Mot. to Compel, Exs. A.3, A.4 (seeking net revenues, costs, expenses, and profits). In doing so, Defendants do not concede, and in fact dispute, that the appropriate royalty base is the entire revenue of their companies.
segregated by whatever classifications [Defendant] makes in its normal course of business." Bedrock's Mot. to Compel, Exs. A.3, A.4. This is precisely what the SEC filings do. Thus, Defendants have also provided their financial information in the form requested by Bedrock. Although Defendants have provided the financial information sought by Bedrock's interrogatories, Defendants are also willing to produce financial information relating to what appears to be Bedrock's damages theory. Defendants have repeatedly asked Bedrock to explain its damages theory during the course of this case, including through an interrogatory that is the subject of Defendants' cross-motion to compel. Bedrock, however, has steadfastly refused to explain its theory. Nevertheless, Bedrock's document requests, interrogatories and Rule 30(b)(6) deposition topics focus heavily on "denial of service" attacks and the costs associated with them. For example, Bedrock has requested: ∑ ∑ "All documents showing any potential consequence or costs of a denial of service attack or other loss of service"; "All documents describing any risk associated with denial of service attacks and any cost associated with preventing or quickly recovering from a denial of service attack."3
In view of this discovery, Bedrock appears to believe that its patent covers a technique implemented in Defendants' Linux servers that prevents a specific type of denial of service attack, and that its damages are directly related to Defendants' costs associated with preventing or responding to such attacks. Given this, Defendants are also willing to provide financial information they have relating to such costs. Beyond the financial information provided in Defendants' SEC filings and costs associated with denial of service attacks, it is not clear what financial information Bedrock seeks or how that undefined financial information is relevant or reasonably likely to lead to the
See, e.g., Ex. A.7 at 3 (Bedrock Document Request Nos. 18, 23, 28, and 31).
discovery of admissible evidence relating to this case. It is clear, however, that Bedrock should not be allowed to engage in a fishing expedition into Defendants' financial records without showing how such information is linked to the allegedly infringing portion of Linux source code at issue in this case. Micro Motion, Inc. v. Kane Steel Co., 894 F.2d 1318, 1325 (Fed. Cir. 1990) (holding that the party seeking discovery must show more than "a theoretical argument that the requested information `somehow relates to [the pending action]'" before the "doors of the discovery process" may be opened); see also Allen v. Howmedica Leibinger GmbH, 190 F.R.D. 518, 522 (W.D. Tenn. 1999) ("The party seeking discovery must be able to `articulate the possible linkage between the discovery sought and admissible evidence.'"). Bedrock contends that information is relevant if "reasonable and competent counsel would consider [it] reasonably necessary to prepare, evaluate or try a claim or defense," and that "Bedrock needs to conduct discovery on an appropriate royalty base so that its counsel can prepare, evaluate, and try its case." Reply at 2. Again, Bedrock fails to explain why the financial information already provided is insufficient or what additional information is reasonably necessary to prepare, evaluate and try its case. And by refusing to explain its damages theory, it is unclear what additional financial information is properly subject to discovery in this case. See Micro Motion, 894 F.2d at 1325 ("Micro Motion's assertion of a claim for damages or even lost profit damages in itself does not provide a mantle of relevancy with respect to all of the information it sought . . . ."); Allen, 190 F.R.D. at 524 ("[I]n order to determine in an ancillary proceeding if discovery is `relevant to the subject matter' of the lawsuit and is `calculated to lead to admissible evidence,' the plaintiff must, at a minimum, set forth a recognized damage theory.").
Bedrock does not cite any case that contradicts the limits on discovery drawn by Micro Motion and Allen. Indeed, the only case Bedrock cites actually supports the position that a party seeking discovery must be able to articulate some linkage between the discovery sought and admissible evidence. See Ferko v. NASCAR, Inc., 218 F.R.D. 125, 137 (E.D. Tex. 2003). In Ferko, the court explained that it had previously denied a discovery request where the party seeking discovery "did not sufficiently articulate why [the information sought] is relevant to this lawsuit . . . ." Id. In contrast, the court permitted the discovery at issue because the plaintiff had in fact "articulated a logical reason why [the information sought] is material." Id. Unlike in Ferko, Bedrock has failed to articulate any theory of damages that would explain how the trivial bit of accused code at issue in this case provides any benefit to Defendants' businesses, much less one that would justify wholesale access to every aspect of Defendants' financial operations. Bedrock argues that, unlike here, Micro Motion involved discovery that was "entirely speculative." In reality, however, Bedrock is seeking discovery that is more speculative than that sought in Micro Motion. There, the plaintiff had advanced a number of damages theories to explain why the discovery sought was relevant to the case. Here, Bedrock has refused to assert any damages theory linking the accused code to the discovery it seeks, much less a nonspeculative one. Instead, Bedrock in essence contends that it is entitled to unfettered discovery so that it can try to find a damages theory. This is exactly the kind of fishing expedition the Federal Circuit disapproved of in Micro Motion. Micro Motion, 894 F.2d at 1327 ("The
discovery rules are designed to assist a party to prove a claim it reasonably believes to be viable without discovery, not to find out if it has any basis for a claim.") (emphasis in original). Finally, Bedrock argues that the Federal Circuit's decisions in Lucent and ResQNet.com have broadened, rather than narrowed, the permissible scope of discovery. This is simply not
true. Both Lucent and ResQNet.com narrowed the scope of evidence admissible to support a damages theory in a patent suit. See Lucent Techs, Inc. v. Gateway, Inc., 580 F.3d 1301 (Fed. Cir. 2009); ResQNet.com, Inc. v. Lansa, Inc., 594 F.3d 860 (Fed. Cir. 2010). Narrowing the scope of admissible evidence necessarily narrows the scope of permissible discovery as well, since discovery must be "reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence." Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1). II. DEFENDANTS' CROSS-MOTION TO COMPEL SHOULD BE GRANTED Although Bedrock agrees that interrogatories "must" be answered (Reply at 1), it inexplicably refuses to provide a response to Defendants' interrogatories requesting Bedrock's damages theory. Instead, Bedrock claims that it "expects to supplement its response as discovery progresses." Reply at 4. However, Bedrock has not provided anything substantive that it could later supplement, and has offered no reason why it cannot at this point simply answer Defendants' interrogatories.4 Given that Bedrock's complaint alleges that it suffered damages, Bedrock, in accordance with the dictates of Rule 11, must have formed some damages theory more than a year ago. Bedrock should be compelled to disclose that theory or its current damages theory in response to Defendants' interrogatories. III. CONCLUSION For the foregoing reasons, Bedrock's motion to compel should be denied and Google's and Match.com's motion to compel should be granted.
Defendants satisfied the meet and confer requirement for their cross-motion to compel. As Bedrock admits, at the July 15, 2010 meet and confer, Defendants indicated to Bedrock that they were willing to produce additional financial data relevant to Bedrock's damages theory and requested that Bedrock set forth that theory in its response to Defendants' interrogatories. Bedrock refused to supplement its interrogatory responses. Accordingly, the parties reached an impasse on the issue.
Dated: August 23, 2010 By:
Respectfully submitted, /s/ Todd M. Briggs Claude M. Stern Todd M. Briggs Evette D. Pennypacker QUINN EMANUEL URQUHART & SULLIVAN, LLP 555 Twin Dolphin Dr., 5th Floor Redwood Shores, CA 94065 Telephone: 650≠801≠5000 Facsimile: 650≠801≠5100 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Email: email@example.com Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Michael E. Jones State Bar No. 10929400 POTTER MINTON 110 N. College Tyler, Texas 75702 Telephone: (903) 597≠8311 Facsimile: (903) 593≠0846 Email: email@example.com Attorneys for Defendants Match.com, LLC and Google Inc.
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE The undersigned hereby certifies that all counsel of record who have consented to electronic service are being served with a copy of this motion, via the Court's CM/ECF system per Local Rule CV≠5(a)(3) on August 23, 2010. Date: Aug. 23, 2010 /s/ Todd Briggs Todd Briggs
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