Capmark Finance Inc. v. R & G Properties, Inc.
ORDER: The Court finds the Bankruptcy Court's Order is final and therefore the 1 Motion for Leave to Appeal is moot. Capmark's appeal is allowed. The parties are directed to follow the briefing schedule contained in local rule 83.8(F). Signed by Judge J. Garvan Murtha on 02/23/2009. (wjf)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF VERMONT CAPMARK FINANCE INC., : : Appellant, : : v. : : R & G PROPERTIES, INC., : : Appellee. : _________________________________:
File No. 1:08-CV-262
RULING ON APPELLANTS' MOTION FOR LEAVE TO APPEAL (Paper 1) I. Introduction Capmark Finance Inc. filed an emergency motion for leave to appeal the Bankruptcy Court's November 21, 2008 Order requiring turnover (Paper 1). R&G Properties, Inc. did not file an
opposition to the motion. For the reasons stated below, the appeal is allowed. II. Background1 In November 2000, R&G Properties secured financing to purchase five mobile home parks in Vermont. R&G executed a
mortgage, security agreement, and assignment of rents and leases to secure the loan. The loan is serviced by Capmark. R&G
The facts are drawn from the Bankruptcy Court's November 21, 2008 Memorandum of Decision explaining the Bankruptcy Court's Order. The Court is disappointed in Capmark's failure to submit the Memorandum with its motion for leave to appeal as it is integral to an appeal of the Order. 1
defaulted in December 2002 and Capmark provided written notice of default in June 2003. The parties have engaged in protracted state court litigation. As part of that litigation, John Wilking was Since
appointed receiver of the properties in September 2006.
R&G defaulted, none of the rental income from the properties was used to pay the mortgage until Wilking took control as receiver. R&G filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in September 2008. unrelated creditor listed is Capmark. After R&G filed for bankruptcy, Capmark filed an emergency motion seeking to have Wilking excused from the turnover requirement of 11 U.S.C. § 543. R&G opposed the motion. After The only
an evidentiary hearing, the Bankruptcy Court granted the motion and entered an order, inter alia, waiving the requirement for sixty days until November 21, 2008. On November 11, Capmark
filed a motion to continue the status quo until a plan of reorganization was confirmed or for at least ninety days. again opposed the motion and the Bankruptcy Court held an evidentiary hearing. The motion was denied on November 21, 2008 R&G
and the court ordered immediate turnover of the properties to R&G. The court also issued a Memorandum of Decision explaining
its rationale for denying the motion to waive the turnover requirement. See Mem. of Decision, In re R&G Props., Inc.,
Dkt. No. 08-10876 (Bankr. D. Vt. Nov. 21, 2008).
Also on November 21, Capmark moved for a stay pending appeal and an emergency motion for leave to appeal in the Bankruptcy Court and an emergency motion to stay turnover and for an injunction pending appeal in this Court which were docketed in case number 1:08-mc-83. the same day. This Court granted the motion to stay
Order, Dkt. No. 08-mc-83 (D. Vt. Nov. 21, 2008).
R&G's motions to vacate the stay are denied in a separate order of the Court of this same date. Capmark's motion for leave to
appeal the underlying Bankruptcy Court order is discussed below. III. Motion for Leave to Appeal Under 28 U.S.C. § 158(a), federal district courts are vested with appellate jurisdiction over bankruptcy court rulings. Bankruptcy court final orders may be appealed to the district court as of right. § 158(a)(1). "An order is final if
`[n]othing in the order . . . indicates any anticipation that the decision will be reconsidered.'" Nevada Power Co. v. Calpine
Corp. (In re Calpine Corp.), 365 B.R. 401, 407 (S.D.N.Y. 2007) (quoting In re Palm Coast Matanza Shores Ltd. P'ship, 101 F.3d 253, 256 (2d Cir. 1996)). Here, the Bankruptcy Court's Order directed the Receiver to immediately turn over custody and control of the properties to R&G. Order, In re R&G Props., Inc., No. 08-10876 (Bankr. D. Vt. Also, in the thirteen page opinion supporting
Nov. 21, 2008).
the order, it explained "the Creditor's motion is denied and the
Receiver must turn over possession and control of the Debtor's property." Mem. of Decision at 13, Dkt. No. 08-10876 (Bankr. Because the language contains no
D. Vt. Nov. 21, 2008).
indication that the Bankruptcy Court would reconsider its decision, the Court finds the Bankruptcy Court's Order is final and therefore the motion for leave to appeal is moot. In the absence of any opposition by R&G, the questions presented are, as requested by Capmark: (1) Whether the
Bankruptcy Court has authority to continue waiver of turnover in excess of sixty days from the Petition Date when, arguably, the state court order appointing the receiver contains a sunset provision, and (2) Whether a waiver of turnover is warranted in this case. IV. Conclusion For the reasons stated above, Capmark's appeal is allowed. The parties are directed to follow the briefing schedule contained in local rule 83.8(F). SO ORDERED. Dated at Brattleboro, in the District of Vermont, this 23rd day of February, 2009. /s/ J. Garvan Murtha Honorable J. Garvan Murtha United States District Judge