Page v. Vermont Department of Corrections et al
OPINION AND ORDER ADOPTING 13 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION granting 11 Motion to Dismiss and granting Ms. Page thirty (30) days within which to file an Amended Complaint. Should she fail to do so, this case will be dismissed. Signed by Chief Judge Christina Reiss on 6/13/2012. (pam) (Main Document 14 replaced on 6/13/2012) (jlh).
STA~;~~~~RICTCOURT2nI2J!JN 13 PH 3: 12
DISTRICT OF VERMONT
EVONNE A. PAGE,
OF CORRECTIONS, and
Case No. 5:11-cv-187
OPINION AND ORDER ADOPTING MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
(Docs. 11, 13)
This matter comes before the court for a review of the Magistrate Judge's May 4,
2012 Report and Recommendation (R & R) in the above-captioned matter. Neither party
has objected to the R & R, and the deadline for doing so has expired.
A district judge must make a de novo determination of those portions of a
magistrate judge's report and recommendation to which an objection is made. FED. R.
CIV. P. 72(b); 28 U.S.c. § 636(b)(1); Cullen v. United States, 194 FJd 401,405 (2d Cir.
1999). The district judge "may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings
or recommendations made by the magistrate judge." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); accord
Cullen, 194 F.3d at 405. A district judge, however, is not required to review the factual
or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge as to those portions of a report and
recommendation to which no objections are addressed. Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140,
150 (1985). When no timely objection is filed, the court need only satisfy itself that there
is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the recommendation. See
Campbell v. United States Dist. Court, 501 F.2d 196,206 (9th Cir. 1974).
Defendants Vermont Department of Corrections ("DOC") and Parole Officer
Samantha Clark filed a Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss Plaintiff Evonne
Page's constitutional claims and her claims under Title II of the Americans with
Disabilities Act ("ADA"). (Doc. 13.) Ms. Page, who is self-represented, did not oppose
In her Complaint, Ms. Page alleges that on August 29,2008 she was removed
from a rehabilitation program known as RISE (Recovery in an Independent, Sober
Environment) after she complained that another RISE participant sexually harassed her.
At the time, she was on probation and on pre-approved furlough, which DOC granted on
the condition that she reside at RISE. Ms. Page, now in violation of the terms of her
furlough, met with Ms. Clark, her probation officer, to request "alternate housing or
treatment." (Doc. 4 at 5.) Ms. Clark allegedly did not investigate Ms. Page's allegations
of sexual harassment and denied Ms. Page's request. Thereafter, Ms. Page was
incarcerated for 367 days for violating her probation. Following her release, Ms. Page
filed this action on July 28, 2011, seeking $75,000 in damages. On October 25,2011, the
Defendants moved to dismiss.
In reviewing a motion to dismiss, the court determines whether the complaint
contains sufficient factual allegations "to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its
face." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). The court accepts all
factual allegations as true and "draw[s] all inferences in the plaintiffs favor." Allaire
Corp. v. Okumus, 433 F.3d 248,249-50 (2d Cir. 2006) (internal quotation marks and
citation omitted). "[T]he tenet that a court must accept as true all of the allegations
contained in a complaint is inapplicable to legal conclusions." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556
U.S. 662, 678 (2009),
In deciding whether to dismiss a complaint that has been filed by a self
represented litigant, courts should "construe [the complaint] broadly and interpret it to
raise the strongest arguments it suggests." Sharpe v. Canale, 386 F.3d 482,484 (2d Cir.
2004) (citation omitted). Generally, courts should not dismiss such complaints "without
granting leave to amend at least once when a liberal reading of the complaint gives any
indication that a valid claim might be stated." Cuoco v. Moritsugu, 222 F.3d 99, 112 (2d
In his thirteen page R & R, the Magistrate Judge John Conroy carefully reviewed
the Complaint and the Defendants' motion and determined that Ms. Page's constitutional
claims as well as her ADA claims should be dismissed.
With respect to the ADA claims, the Magistrate Judge found that '"the Complaint
does not provide any facts to suggest that Ms. Page's furlough was revoked, and that
additional treatment options were denied, because of her disability" as required to
establish a violation of the ADA. (Doc. l3 at 8) (citing Henrietta D. v. Bloomberg, 331
F.3d 261,278 (2d Cir. 2003); Olmsteadv. L.e. ex ref. Zimring, 527 U.S. 581,
601(1999». The Magistrate Judge further noted that the ADA does not provide for
liability against a defendant, such as Ms. Clark, in his or her individual capacity. Garcia
v. SUNY Health Sciences Ctr. o/Brooklyn, 280 F.3d 98,107 (2d Cir. 2001).
With respect to Ms. Page's constitutional claims, the Magistrate Judge broadly
construed the Complaint to allege a procedural due process claim, based on the allegation
that Ms. Page's '"civil and constitutional rights were indeed violated" and the allegation
that her '"freedoms were taken from [her]." (Doc. 4 at 5.) The Magistrate Judge properly
found that "the general allegation that Ms. Page was deprived of 'freedoms' does not
provide enough factual background to 'nudge' her claims 'across the line from
conceivable to plausible.'" (Doc. l3 at 9) (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570.)
In recommending dismissal of Ms. Page's constitutional claims, the Magistrate
Judge correctly concluded that the Eleventh Amendment bars any constitutional claims
for damages against either DOC, a state agency, or against Ms. Clark as a state official in
her official capacity. See Kentucky v. Graham, 473 U.S. 159, 169 (1985); see also Davis
v. New York, 316 F.3d 93, 101 (2d Cir. 2002). Although the Magistrate Judge recognized
that a plaintiff can seek damages from a state when the state has explicitly and univocally
waived its sovereign immunity, or when Congress has clearly abrogated the state's
sovereign immunity, he correctly concluded that neither exception applies to Ms. Page's
case. See 12 V.S.A. § 5601(g); Quern v. Jordan, 440 U.S. 332, 340-342 (1979).
As for Ms. Page's constitutional claims against Ms. Clark in her individual
capacity, the Magistrate Judge observed that "the Complaint does not allege that Ms.
Clark was personally involved in depriving Ms. Page of her 'freedoms'" (Doc. 13 at lO
ll), which is a "prerequisite to an award of damages under § 1983." Wright v. Smith, 21
F.3d 496,501 (2d Cir. 1994). For this reason, the Magistrate Judge recommended that
the court dismiss Ms. Page's constitutional claims. The court agrees. Absent allegations
of Ms. Clark's personal involvement, the Complaint fails to allege sufficient facts to state
a plausible claim for damages.
Finally, the Magistrate Judge recommended that Ms. Page be allowed to amend
her Complaint, because "Ms. Page may have a basis for claiming that Defendants
violated her rights, whether under the ADA, the United States Constitution, or both."
(Doc. 13 at 11-12.)
The court agrees with the Magistrate Judge's conclusions. Accordingly, the court
hereby ADOPTS the Magistrate Judge's R & R as the opinion and order of the court,
GRANTS Ms. Clark's and DOC's motion to dismiss (Doc. 11), and GRANTS Ms. Page
thirty (30) days within which to file an Amended Complaint. Should she fail to do so,
this case will be dismissed.
Dated at Rutland, in the District of Vermont, this ~ay of June, 2012.
United States District Court