Freedom Hawk Kayak, LLC v. YA Tai Electric Appliances Co. Ltd

Filing 27

MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Samuel G. Wilson on 12/14/2012. (eot)

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CLERK' OFFCQ U,S,DI S I ATROANIK ST. COURT E, VA FI LED DE2 1ù 2 1 22 F RTEU IEETDERCRF IGNA I TH WET SAIS ITO TC U T O HENTDR T T S IVR II N S N SD C O R JuuA c. ou ' uv: R O A N O K E D IV ISIO N FREEDO M H AW K KAYAK , LLC, tssu ; cuEnx l) v / t t Ci lAc i No.7: v00305 vi ton 12c Pl nt f ai i f, M EM O M ND U M O PINIO N V. Y A TA IELE C TR IC A PPL I N C E S A C O .LTD . , By:Sam uelG .W is l on U nied St es D itri Judge t at s ct D ef ndant e . Pli ifFr dom Ha Ka LLC (ç e dom Ha 'fldt spae i rnge nt antf ee wk yak, i e Fr wk' ie hi tnt nfi me ) s io Se tmb r1 , 01 , u s a t o2 U. C. j1 31a d 1 3 () s e igt e j i Ya ut n pe e 0 2 2 p ru n t 8 S. j 3 n 3 8 a, e kn o n on TaiElcrcAppla sCo.Lt (t Ta',aChi s c ai fom makei a s li e ti ince , d. : Ya i' ) ne e oporton, r r tng nd elng a de oya e f n-ai f s ng ka k t taleg dl i rnge Fr do H a k' pa e - o e t d pl bl a t l i hi ya ha l e y nf i s ee m w s t ntpr t c e des g .1 Thi m a t ri c r ty bef r t co ton Fr e m Ha k' m oton f e r ofde a t in s te s ur en l o e he ur e do w s i or nty f ul j d me tp ru n t F d rlRueo Ci l o e u e5 ( )2 .Th c u t idsta F e d m u g n u s a to e ea l f viPr c d r 5 b ( ) e o r fn h t r e o Ha ha n tma et es o n n c sa yt s p o t es n lu idcino e YaTa a d wk s o d h h wig e e s r o u p r p ro a j rs ito v r in dimisst sacinwihoutprj c s se hi to t eudie. 1. Th fcsf lo n j rs ito a ds o eya dt h ai sa ea f lo .F e d m e a t ol wig u id cin l ic v r n wo e rng r s ol ws r e o Ha i aVignal tdla ii c mpa y wihb ie so rto sa dmao iyo es i wk s r ii i e iblt o n , t usn s peain n j rt wn rhp mi y i Cha l t vil V i gi a. Fr dom H a i t owne by as i e oft U nied St t n r otes le, r ni ee wk s he r s gnm nt wo t a es pat s f a fshi kayak w ih a depl ent or i ng t oyabl f t ldesi e an-ai gned t pr ot s abiiy w hie f s ng o om e t lt l i hi f om a s a ng post o Fr dom H a m a ke sispr r t ndi ii n. ee wk r t t oduc t ough t a s w s Ya Ta i a t hr r de ho . is lI s Pa e N o. 7 1 47 2(i dAu . , 0 5 (su dOc. 4 2 0 )a dU.. tn No 73 45 4 J t nt 2 0 fl g 5 2 0 ) is e t2 0 6 n S Pae t . 3 3 e (i dAu . , 0 6 (su dFe 26 2 0 ) fl g 3 2 0 ) ise b. , 0 8 . e Chi eco po ai n t tma acur fs ng ka ks toli mot r ,a o he s bfs ng nes r r to ha nuf t es ihi ya , r lng o s nd t r por ihi r aeda c s i .( '. .n Supp. Motf Dea tJ Ex.B,3,ECFNo. - ) elt c esores P1s Br i of .or ful . 252. AboutJ y 9, 2,Fr edom Ha a tnde t a ul 201 e wk te d he nnua I e na i Conve i of l nt r tonal nton AlidSporfs ngTrdes(CCAST')s i Ora Flrda TheAmeia Spo tihi le tihi a C I ' how n lndo, oi . rc n rfs ng Asocai (t ', c mant nsisprncpalplc ofbusnes i Alxa i,Vigni, s iton é ASA')whih i ai t i i a e i s n e ndra r i a s ns e t s . A 1 e bior a t I ST s po or d he how l xhi t s t he CA how we er quied t c pl t a m e be s p r e r o om e e m r hi a iai n f r a s pplc to o m nd ubm i i t t A SA i o de t pa tci t Ya Ta c pl t a t t o he n r r o r i pa e. i om e ed me rhi f mbe s p onu,e m al d t f r t t A SA, r d pa e tf isa i a i a b00 h - ie he o m o he wie ym n or t pplc ton nd t e ns s a pa tc pat d i t AsA - pons e eve i Ora xpe e , nd ri i e n he s or d nt n l ndo. W hie a t I ST eve , e dom Ha k' Pr s de , a d Hadde notc d Y a Ta ' l t he CA nt Fr e w s e i nt D vi n, i e is b00 h diply ofakaya t tf t e a f t i de i sm ia t t desgn pa e edby Fr e t s a k ha eaur d an-a l sgn i lr o he i t nt e dom Ha wk. Ya Ta as wa dis na i ma ke i ma e i spr otng t ka k t e bior i lo s s emi tng r tng t ral om i he ya o xhi t s and a t nde . Se r V igi a bas d e ii sa r s de t w e e i a t nda e att s . te es ve al r ni - e ntte nd e i n s r n te nc he how O n o e vi Ya Tais de oya e f n-ai ka k, a n hand de i r d a c as a bs r ng ' pl bl a t l ya H dde lve e e e- nd- de itlte t YaTaisr pr e a i son J y 11 201 Thel terde c i d Fr e ss e tr o ' e es nt tve ul , 2. e t s rbe e dom Ha s wk' pa e sa Y a Ta ' a l ge i rnge e t Y a Ta ' r pr e a i sr s t nt nd is le d nf i m n . i s e es nt tve e ponde t tt y d ha he i e d t ke p pr otng a m a ke i t i pr nt nde o e om i nd r tng he r oduc a t s . Fr e t t he how e dom Hawk t n f l d he ie is c pl i f pa e i rngem e i t s c ton J y 1 201 a s ve Y a Tais ge r l t om a nt or t nt nf i nt n hi our ul 2, 2, nd er d ' ne a ma ge,Ke KunHo, t pr es a t I na r i wih oc s t he CAST s how.( oofofSevie,ECFNo. ) Pr rc 5. The Chi a 1 w fr ofH i ha & Cul r s qui kl c t ct d Fr dom H a s c go a i m ns w be ton c y on a e ee wk' c ouns l i i a i t ti r m e e e Ya Ta . Tw o da be o e r pons ve pl ad ngsw e e due, e , nd c tng ha t e s nt d i ys f r es i e i r a t rl w tnu, he Los Ange esf13 ofH a n Pa e La , ont c e c no he a i t l 143 nki t nt w c a t d ouns lf r Fr edo e o e m H a k r que tng a t r y- y e e i t tl a r pons ve pl adi M i e l t ,a t r l w w e si hi t da xt ns on o i e es i e ng. nut s a er hid a fr ,Ro ke- s d Ge r Loc Ra s& M oor alo co a t d Fr e im ano ba e nty ke ke e, s nt c e e dom Ha sc ms lon wk' ot e be fofYa Ta t s e an e e i oftm e I a a st tHarki r t i d G e t y Loc t hal io ek xt ns on i . t ppe r ha l n e a ne nr ke o ac asl lco m s l Genty Loc uli a e y neg i t d a e ens on oftm e f Y a Ta t fl a t oca t e . r ke tm t l ota e n xt i i or i o ie r ponsvepl di i t sca ea sgne apr e or ra ( es i ea ng n hi s nd i d opos d de s t couns lf rt De e nt' e o he f nda , ' w hi h t c te e ed on Aug t7, 2. The a r e o de ga Ya Ta t r y a tona da c he our nt r us 201 g e d r r ve i hi t ddii l ys t tl ar s nsvepl di Ne rt co uso oft t ry da ,c o ie e po i ea ng. a he ncl in he hit ys ouns lf YaTaia i e or gan c a t Fr edom Ha sc els e ngan a to lffee da . Thepa te we eunabl ont ced e wk' ouns e ki ddii na it n ys ri s r e t a r e upon t t r s a t cou tor r d de i t f l a r ponsve pl adi e r on o ge he e m , nd he r - de e adlne o ie es i e ng xpied Se em be 3,201 w ihoutYa Ta flng a r s pt r 2, t i ii e ponsve pl a ng. i e di Fre o Ha mo df rad f ut u g n a an tYaTa o S p e e 1 , 01 , n e d m wk ve o ea lj d me t g i s i n e tmb r 0 2 2 a d f u d y ltrYaTa fldapr s mo int ds s f rlc o p ro a j rs ito 2 Th o r a s ae i ie o e to o imis o a k f es n l u idcin. e c u t c e ue ahe rngo F e d m Ha ' moinfrd fut u g n o Oco e 3 2 2 o r sh d ld ai n r e o wk s to o e a lj d me t n tb r , 01 . YaTa ddn tatnd tehe rng t ec u t u s neq e to e p ro a j rs ito a d i i o te .At h ai ,h o r s a po t u sin d e s n lu idcin n pe te Fr e nnit d e dom H a k t e ge i di c r a m a s lany e de e i ha ofY a Ta ' w o nga n s ove y nd r ha vi nc t d is c t c wih orpr s nc i Vigi a. on a t t e e e n r ni Fr dom H a k pr e e t te de e t t s c ur on N ove be 1, 2. The s ee w es nt d ha vi nc o hi o t m r 201 um t t loft te de e i e s i l t s i or rt a tnd t I oa ha vi nc s s entaly hi: n de o te he CAST ta s r de how i Ora n l ndo, Fl i ,YaTa en e ed acon r c f me rhi wih t ASA,whi h hasisprncpal a eof orda i tr ta t or mbe s p t he c t i i plc busnes i Al xa i Vigi a.YaTai aChi ec por ton,sgne a e maiedt i s n e ndra, r ni , nes or a i i d nd - l he 2Them o i a a om pa ng afdavi weepur t y sgnedi t Pe e' Re i ofChi by ton nd cc nyi fi t r poredl i n he opl s publc na Long W aHo,YaTaisfs eowne.'A c po ain m a nota a ose Se e. ,Rowlnd v.CalM en' ' tol r' or r to y ppe rrr . e. c. a . s Co o v Un t 1 e sAd io vCo n i 5 6U. 1 4, 01 0 ( 9 3 (ç h sb e t elw f rt eb te p r o ln . i 1 M n' vs r u cl 0 S. 9 2 - 2 1 9 ) :t a e n h a o h etr a t f , l t c n is. .h t c r oainma a p a i fd r l o rso l tru hl e sdc u s l'; r v P i e wo e mre . ta a o p rto y p e rn e ea c ut ny ho g i n e o n e.) 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Va 2 0 )(oigta t c u eac r oaee tt cn o l 61 . u p 2 0 6 5 W D. . 0 9 n tn h tt a s o p rt ni a n t be y po e dpr s . .h cekddn tak o e g g r so s lt r a a a s ra p o rye trd. . ea l.) rc e o e . te lr i o c n wld e a ep n e et l s n n we nd rpel nee . d fut'. e ' Co eque l t c tdir r t c por to spr s flngs ns nty,he our segads he or ain' o e ii . c nrc t t AS Th c nr c p o ie ta EYaTal l n t no ngyifig o o ta t o he A. e o ta t r vd s h t ; ( i wil o k wi l n rn e n a he A SA m e be ' r s e ed t a m a k d i I ST, a t tV igi a l w wilgove n not r m r s egit r r de r urng CA ' nd ha r ni a ' l r t co rc' tnnsa condii .( '.Br i Supp. Mot frDe a tJ. C,5,ECFNo. he nta ts e nd tons Pls .n of . o f ul Ex. 25- ) YaTa t nwie t rquie me rhi a e bii fet t ASA.A numbe of 3. i he rd he e r d mbes p nd xhi ton e o he r Vig ni e iisa r i ent at nde t s r i a ntte nd esd s te d he how i Fl i Ho e r Fr e m Ha c n orda. w ve , e do wk once d de t ti ha no e de t tY a Taim ai t i a of i e orha a e pl es a nt , s l ha t d vi nce ha n a ned n fc d ny m oye , ge s or a es r pr s nt tvesi V i gi a'c e e e a i n r ni , onduc e a bus nes ac i tesi V igi a, pa t r t s ngl t d ny i s tvii n r ni a r f om he i e c r c wih t A SA pe m itng i t e bi a t Ora onta t t he r ti t o xhi t t he lndo,Fl i ta s ;s dor orda, r de how ol dit i ed t a l gedl i r ngi ka k, f t tm a t ra pr s rbut he le y nfi ng ya or or ha te ny oduc he e;orha a pl ns t t r d ny a o dit i e t a l gedl i r ngi ka k o any o he p oduc he e. s rbut he le y nfi ng ya r t rr t r ll. l tea s n eo pes n lurs ito ,h c u t h udd ciet e trad ful n h b e c f ro a j idci n t e o r s o l e l o ne ea t n j d me t n s as neds s a a to i whc t d fn a t sno a p ae a d u g n a d u po t imis n cin n ih he e e d n ha t p e rd n i lctyo e piil c nsn e t t ec u t j rs ito .F e d m Ha manan t a te mp iil r x lcty o e td o h o r' u idcin re o s wk iti s h t h c u t h ul e trad fulj d me tb c us YaTa h sa pe rd, aldt fl atmey o r s o d ne ea t u g n e a e i a p ae fi o ie i l e r s nsv p e dng a dwave i rg t oc ne t es n lu idcin I teatr tv , epo ie la i , n i d t ih t o t s p ro a j rs ito . n h lenaie s F e d m Ha c n e d t thec u t a p ro l uid cin a ds ul e trt ed f ut r e o wk o tn s ha t o r h s es na j rs it n ho d ne h e a l o j d me t e a s Fre m Ha f i dt fl at l rs n i epe dn Th c u ti s u g n b c u e e do wk al o ie i y epo sv la ig. e o r fnd e me t a YaTa ddn tmpiil o e p iil c n e t ot c u tsp ro l u idcinb s e ig ht i i o i lcty r x lcty o s n t he o r' es na j rs ito y e kn and e r i an or re e ngt de dlnet fl isr s i pla ngs Thec t s ndo sng de xt ndi he a i o ie t e ponsve e di . our alo fndst tFr dom Ha ha notca e isbur nt etbls pe s l urs cin. i ha ee wk s ni d t de o sa ih rona j idito Ac or ngl t c tdimis t saci f l ko pe s l lrs cin. c di y,he our s ses hi ton or ac f rona jzidito A. Fr edo H a k c e t tby s e ng a to tm e t f l a r s e m w ont nds ha e ki ddii nal i o ie e ponsve pl adi i e ng, a f ii t f l t e pl adi be or t a e dnd a lng o ie hos e ngs f e he gr e upon tm e e r d,Y a Taiw a ve isr gh t i xpi e i d t i to cont tper es sonalxjrs ito .Thec u ti d t a YaTa ddn t i e( rf ret isrg t o u id cin o r tn s h t i i o wav o o f i t ih t ) c es pe s ont t r onal' i di ton. J s ci ur The c ' fr tc i sw he he i i pr rt s s e que t o w he he Fr e oul is ons der t t r t s ope o ua pont si n t r e dom Ha h ss wnta tec u t spes n l u idcino e YaTa.F d rlCic i lw, o wk a ho h t h o r ha ro a j rs ito v r i e ea rut a n t t toft r gi cr ui, a p ist is e o p ro a j rs ito i p tn i fig me t a e . ha he e onal ic t p le o su s f e s n l u idcin n ae t nrn e n c s s3 RaesTec I v. rel wor Cor , F.d 1 1 ( Ci.2005) Ast t h.nc. No t Net ks p.399 3 302, 307 Fed. r . he F d rl ruih sn td t a d fut u g n r n ee b ac u t c lc e pes n l e e a Cic t a o e ,s j ea lj d me t e d rd y o r whih a k d ro a l j rs ito o rted fn n i v i gn l yb atc e ete d rcl i t ern ei g u idcin ve h e e da t s o d a d ma e t k d ih r ie ty n h e d rn a c u t rt r u h c lae a atc u o e f re n o tej d me t' l waS aeUni. o r o h o g oltr l ta k p n n o c me t f h u g n . o tt v ' Reeac Fo .I .v.Grae Contne t.l ,81F.App' 3 348 ( d. r 2003) s rh und. nc e tr i ns nc. x 44, -49 Fe Ci. (uotng 1 J q i 0 amesW m.M oo ee al,Mooe' Fe rlPrci j55. 2jbli ( ed. r t . r s dea a tce 50( ( l) 3d 2003). ) Co e u n l, ahe ta e trame nn ls d fut u g n , o c u t h v h l ta a nsq e ty rt r h n ne a ige s ea lj d me t s me o rs a e ed h t ditit o r ma ( n oh r h v h l t ti mu t a s r is l ta i h sp ro lu id cin. src c u t y a d t e s a e ed ha t s) su e tef h t t a es na j rs ito Compar l r Tul,17 F. 707,71 (t Ci.1 )Cinmos cicu tnce ,adee ti e n e i 2 3d 2 9h r 999 l t r msa s fc n p ro a j rs ito i adee s ta ma b a sre o wav db ap ry Ne e tee s wh n e s n l u idcin s fn e h t y e se td r i e y a t. v rh ls, e ac u tsc nsd rn wh t e t e trad fut u g n ima d s s a a to s as nef r o r i o ieig eh r o ne e a lj d me t t y imis n cin u po t o lc o pes n lu id ci n' , t W il msv. f S v. Lo n 8 2F.d 1 0 ,1 03( 0h a k f ro a j rs ito .) wi li ' h n Lie a & a , 0 2 2 0 2 1 t Ci.1 (û' l nenr ofad a t udgme i s htag i tapa t whoha f iedt pla r 986) tg he ty W efulj nt s oug ans ry s al o e d o oh r s d fn t ed src c u t a a afr t d t t lo it is u idcinb t r te wie ee d,h itit o r h s n fimai uy o o k n o t j rs ito oh ve 3Th F u t Ci ut a e p esyt e l ed t a desteiseo wh t radsrc c u t s st f e o rh r ih s x rsl t ci l)o d rs h su f ehe itit o r mut ai y c d n s i ets as ne ta ih spesnaj rs it nb fr e trn ad futu g n. W iimsv Ad et ieSe . t l u po t,h tt a ro luidci eo e neig ea lj d me t' l a . v ri n x sl o ' l s LLC, 0F. px5 8 5 0(t Ci. 01 ) 41 Ap ' 7 , 8 4h r 2 1. o e tes be t te a dt ep ris nrve n isp ro a j rs ito t ec u t o sn t v r h u j c matr n h a t .l e iwig t e s n l u idcin,h o r d e o e as e tape s lde e e oft pa tes r t r t co t xe c s isr s nsbiiy t de e mi sr r ona f ns he ri ; a he , he ur e r ies t e po i lt o t r ne ta ih stepo rt e trted fut u g n . Hee t ec u t id ta i i e fce ta d h t t a h we o n e h ea lj d me t' r ,h o r fn s h t t s fiin n ). a opraet s s equesi whehe t c tc n e travai j ppr it o ua pont ton t r he our a ne ld udgme . nt Unde Fe r Rul ofCi lPr dtr 1 h) 1,apat t tflsar ponsvepl di r deal e vi oce ze 2( () ry ha ie es i ea ng o amoinp ru n t Fe e a Ru eo CiiPr c d r 1 ( )a df ist a sr lc o p ro a r to u s a t o d r l l f vl o e u e 2 b n al o se ta k f es n l j rs ito wav si a ad f n e I i ad fns t a mu t er ie i ttetmetefrt u idcin ie t s ee s . t s ee e h t s b as d û h i h is a s g ûc ntde e i m ove i m a - w he he i be by wa ofa Rul 1 m oton ori a i ni a f nsve s de t rt y e 2 i n r pons ve pl a ng. Ra e Te h. 39 F. a 1 es i e di ' t s c , 9 3d t 307. Or narl ' di iy, pr lm i y a i do notcom e cl e t w ha i r quie f r w a ve orf f iur e i nar ctons os o t s e rd o i r or e t e. To wav o f ret a p ro a j s ito d fn e a d fnd n mus gve a ie r o fi e s n l midcin e e s , ee a t t i pl ntf ar a ona e e c ai n t ti wild e t s ton t m e isormus ai if e s bl xpe t to ha t l ef nd he ui he rt t c u etec u t o g t s meefr t a wo l b watd i p ro a j rs ito a s h o r t o o o fo t h t u d e se f e s n l u idcin i l t rf s a e ound l ki ac ng. M obie Aneshes ol s Chi,LLC v. ne t s ol cy A s oc .ofHous on M e r e P. . 623 l t i ogi t . A s he i o s s t t opl x, A , F. 4 443(t Ci.201 ;seas i a 4 3d 40, 7h r 0) e lo és t 42-43(i ngt tamotont c i a tndi ha i o ontnue p ei n r ij n to h ai a t e p dt d so eyf rta h ai gwa is t e tt r l ay nu cin e rng nd o x e ie ic v r o h t e rn s n uf n o mi ki wav o f ret c aln et p ro a j rs it n ' wa s nv Ci o Ha n , 1F. ie r o f ia h le g o es n l u idci l S n o . t f mmo d 41 o , y App' 913,915 6( h Ci. 1 (t ei nayltg tona tons s a t dee nt' x -1 7t r 201 ) t lmi r iiai ci , uch s he fnda s pr r ques f a e e i oftm e t f l t rr s nsve pl a ng, notwai orf f i pe s na e t or n xt nson i o ie hei e po i e di do ve or e t r o l j rs ito d fns s' .l t ec s a h nd YaTa n ih rg v Fr e o Ha ara o a l u idcin ee e .) n h a e t a , ' i et e a e e d m wk e s n b e e c ai n t ti woul de endt s to t me isno ca edt co tt got s m ee f r xpe t to ha t d f he ui n he rt r us he ur o o o fo t t twoul bewa td i pe s l lrs di we eltrfundlc ng.Unde t cic tnce , ha d se f rona jzidi on r ae o aki r he rumsa s 6 t c tdoesnotfnd Ya Ta ' ac i ns s fc en t c tt e a wai rorf f iur ofis he our i i s to uf i i t o ons iut ve or e t e t dee et tt sc tlcksperonalurs ci 4 fns ha hi our a s j iditon. B. Fr e e dom Ha k m a nt i t te n i Y a Ta di notw a ve orf f i isr g t c es w i a ns ha ve f i d i or e t t i ht o ont t pes n lu idcin,th ss o t aYaTa h ss fiin mii l c n a t wi Vig nat ro a j rs ito i a h wn h t i a u fce t nmt o tcs t r i i o m h etbihp ro a j rs ito T c t'd sg e sa dfn st t e d m Ha h sn t are sa ls e s n l u idcin. he out ia r e n i d ha Fre o wk a o c rid isb r e o e tb ihigp ro a j rs ito o e YaTa. t u d n f sa ls n e s n l u idcin v r i Toe e cs p ro a j rs ito ov r n nrsde t ee a tt Du P o e sClu e x rie e s n l u id cin e a o e i n d fnd n,he e r c s a s r quie t tt def ntt vec ranmi mum c a t wih ghef um)s ht tt e rs ha he enda d ha e ti ni ontcs t t or uc ha he man e a c o t es i d e no o fn S a iin l oin of arpa a ds b tnilusie' itn n e f h ut o s t fe d t d t a n to s f i ly n u sa ta j tc .' r o ' 1 'ShoeCo v.W ashi on,326U. 31 ,31 ( 945)5 Thet nsiutona t hsone'ofa ntl ngt S. 0 6 1 . t tt i l ouc t ' co . 4Th F d rl ruiha sae ta i< lc swav ro p ro a j rs ito wi i tedsrt no te e e ea Cic t s ttd h ttt ae ie f esn luidcin t n h icei fh p h o ti c t c nsse wiht tilc tsbr d a ho iy t ma gea tonspe ngbef ei.'Rae Te h.399 ral our, o itnt t he ra our' oa ut rt o na c i ndi or t' ts c , F. a 1 07.l t Fede a Cicui we et c udet tY aTa' e s e oft or re e ngistm et 3d t 3 f he r l r t r o oncl ha is ndorem nt he de xtndi t i o fl ars niepe dngwa s fiin t wav i rg t oc net es n lmidito u e tetn o i epo sv la i s ufce to ie t ih t o ts p ro aj s cin nd r h e u us e s cr icumsa spr s nthee,hi co twoul e cieisdice i t rle i oft tw ave . tnce e e r t s ur d xer s t s rton o eive t ha i r 5An lsso p ro lu idcinb gnswihF d rl l o CiiPrc d r 4.Un e Rue4 k()A)a ay i f esnaj rsito e i t e ea Rue f vl o e ue d r l ( )1( , fd rlo radesn pesn luidcinaay e teln -r saueadg vmigpicplso tefnm eea cutd rsig ro ajrsito n lzsh o jam ttt n o e n rn i e fh o z sae S eCF Is. .n to Ch ree Fn An lsso lda 5 F.d2 5 29 (t Ci. 00 ) Vi ii' In tt. e A n tv ls. f a trd i. av t f n l, 51 3 8 , 2 4h r2 9. r nas o g g am saue Va Co ej8. -3 ., xe d p ro luidcint telmi alwe b d ep o es Be el r ttt, . d 01 281 e tn s esnaj rs ito o h i t l d y u r cs. v r s o v HisFa Co v Ro a S v rinCo , F.d1 5 ,1 6 n.3( d Ci. 9 4 .Bea s Vigni' ln -l l n . . y l o eeg o.21 3 5 8 5 9 2 Fe . r 1 9 ) c u e r i as o ga' l m sa uei c xt i w ih c tt i lduepr es,t c tc nf e isa l i unde V igi a' lng-r tt t s oe ensve t onsiutona oc s he our o m s t nayss r r ni s o a m sa t t t lm isofd pr s . tm e o he i t ue oce s Alo fracam ta aie u e fd rla Fe ea Rul o CiiPrc d r 4 k( p o ie t t s ,o li h t rss nd r e ea lw, d rl e f vl o e ue ( )2) rvd sha srigas mmo o fl gawav ro sr ieetbih sp ro aj rs ito o e ad fn a tfh d fn a ti evn u ns r ii n ie f evc sa ls e es n luidcin v r ee d n ite ee d n s no sbe toj rs ito i a ysaesc u t o g nea jrsito a de ecsn j rsito i c n itn wi t u j c t u idcin n n tt ' o rs f e rlu idcin n x riig u idcin s o sse t t h t Unie SttsConsiuton a lws.SeeSynhes( S. )v. M .DosResJ .l Com. Egui M e c he td ae tt i nd a t U. A. G. i r nd. De p. dio, 5 3F.d1 5 1 9 (e Ci. 0 9 .Vk e4k ()wa a o tdt e sr ta fd rlcamswil a eaU.. 6 3 28 , 2 4 F d. r 2 0 ) tul ()2 s d pe o n ue h t e ea li lh v l S f 'm i s f e nai lcontc se s. l a 1 ol f ufkint tona u a t xit' d. t 295.