Shelton v. Clarke

Filing 6

MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Samuel G. Wilson on 3/28/13. (tvt)

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elFRKS OFFI U..DI cour CE : ST. AT RoANou , vA FIED L I TH E UNI N TED STA TES DISTRI COURT CT FO R TH E W ESTE RN D I STR I T O F V I G I I C R N A R O AN O K E D I I O N V SI D O R SEY LU T H E R SH E LTO N : MA2 23 2 1 93 JULA I BY; ' EY LERK C i lA c i N o.7: 3c vi t on 1 v00109 Peti oner, ti M EM ORANPUM O-I O N P NJ V. V I G I I D EPA R T M E N T R N A O F C O R R E C TI N S etal, O . By:Samue G.W is l lon U ni e St e D i t i tJudge t d at s s r c R espondent s. Do s y Lu h rS lo ,aVig n asaei maepr c e i gpr s a i o ma r e t e het n r i i tt n t o e d n o e nd nf r pau rs b i st i a to p s a tt 4 U. C.j 1 8 f rij nci r le a ans pe i, rng h s ci n uru n o 2 S. 9 3 o n u tve eif g i t Vigi aDeparmentofCoreci (C r ni t r tons :VDOC' a Har dCl ke,cl mi t whie ' nd ol ar ai ng hat l ) V D O C he d hi att G r Roc Cor e i Cent r s e t ee yea s a he ha a lofhi l m he een k r cton e om hr r go, d l s t t r m oved duet a undicl e di e e a ofi al de ed hi r ques f dent es ee h e o n s os d s as nd fci s ni s e t or ur . Be us She t n' c pl i f l t s a e a cl i f pr pe tve r i ft ti notpur l ca e lo s om a nt ais o t t ny am or os c i ele ha s ey s c atve a a cl m f r tos c i r i i we lbeyond t a i bl t ye pe ul i nd ny ai or e r pe tve elef s l he pplca t wo- ar saut lmiai ,t cour suas edimis purua t 28U. C.j 1 e)2)B)itt e i ttons he t pont s s es s nt o S. 915( ( ( () (i. i) 1. She t alegest twhie i ar r t d a VD OC ' G r n Rock Cor ec i lon l ha l nc ce a e t s ee r t onalCe er nt f om J 2009 t oug s e poi i 201 a undi cl ed di ea e r uled i m edi al r une hr h om nt n 0, n s os s s es t n c pr es i st e r ovi a1 ofhi t e h. Shet f t rc ai st tofi i sdeni d hi of sonal her em ng l s et lon urhe l m ha fc al e s r ques s f de ur due t t l k oftm e r a ni on hi s nt e t or nt es o he ac i em i ng s e ence. I O c obe 201 n t r 2, She t n be s vi a he t ee ye s nt nc a wa i ta l hous a t Da le lo gan er ng not r hr - ar e e e, nd s nii ly ed t he nvil Ciy J l1 Shet cli t VDOC t ca r ponsbl f ( s me ca,aswel as t ai. lon ams hat t me es i e or hi) di l be l physca and m ent lwel bei by bei hel her a af lt t does tuphol m e ca i l a l ng ng d e t aciiy hat n' d di l polc di t t by D. . polc ' Hi c pl i alo e es esa f rt thi m e ca i y c a ed O C. i y.' s om a nt s xpr s ea ha s di l nee - os e i y,de ur - wi ld n be r f e due t s ds t ns bl nt es l t agai e us d o uppos l k oftm e l f t ed ac i et o s r e' Sh lo d e n ts e d ma e , u r t e a k f rij n tv r le i t ef r o e v . et n o s o e k a g s b t ah r s s o n u c ie eif n h o m f ' a ti m e at m e ca t a f r 'i o t t e c t 't t ee r l e f pas f iur whie n im di e di l r ns e ' nt t at us ody' o t k e i f or t a l es l s s i cus ody. n t ' ' II. Li r ly c tued,Shet cl m st tVDOC vi a e hi Ei h Am e be a l onsr lon ai ha ol t d s ght ndm e nt r ght i notpr di hi w ih de ur dur ng hi i r er t on t e year ago and he i sn ovi ng m t nt es i s nca c a i hr e s s ult st tVDOC wilc i t vi a ehi rght durng hi c r ntt m of pec a e ha l ontnue o olt s i s i s ur e er i r e a i Beca e Shelon' compl ntsa esno non-pe a i c ai t pr pec i nca c r ton. us t s ai t t s cul tve l m o os tve r lefa bec e t a i abl sa ut oflm ia i hasr ast r r pec i r le ,t e i nd aus he pplc e t t e i t tons un o etos tve e i f he c u t u s t ds s e h sc mplitpu s n t 28U. C.j 1 5 e ( )B)i-i) o r s a pon e imis s i o a n rua t o S. 91 ()2 ( ()(i. The c tm us dim i sa ac i orcli a i a e fl agans a gover t a our t s s n ton a m n nm t ies i t nm nt l entt orisa nt i t c tdet r i t tt ac i orcl m i f i ousorf l t iy t ge s f he our e m nes ha he ton ai s rvol ais o saeacam o whihr le ma beg a e 28U. C.j 1 5 e ( )B)i-i) ç A) tt li n c eif y rntd. S. j 91 ()2 ( ()(i. 1 ( j dg mus a c pta tueal t f cua alg to c n ane i t c mp an . u e t c e s r l of he a t l le ai ns o t i d n he o li t' ' Erc o v. r u , 51U. 8 ,9 ,( 0 )(ia inso te ) Alho g t c ur lb r ly iks n Pa d s 5 S. 9 4 2 07 ctto mitd . t u h he o ti e al consr pr s c ai s Hai v.Ker ,404U. 51 520-21( 972) t cour does tues o e ompl nt, nes ner S. 9, 1 , he t nota t a a i a e' advoc e sua s o e de l pi s a ut y a cons iut onalc a m s c s n nm t s at , p nt ve o ng t t or nd tt i li 'Shet i ntiest Da leCiyJalashi c rntplceofc i men i hi c lon de i he nvil t i s ure a onfne t n s ompli ,andaspa t ant r ofhi r le r sst beta f r d Ent s ec t ' Asoft dat oft sopi on,i a a st tShet has s eif vque t o r nsere t o ut usody.' i he e hi ni t ppe r ha lon be n ta er d t Powhaa Core tonalCentr s ikaly,heRe ptonCe e att prs whih ope aesa e r nsfre o tn r ci e, pect l t ce i ntr he ion, c rt s arc pina castc to fclyd sg e t itkeofnd r ho lc lal a dpocs te it VDOC. e e to nd lsi ain a ii e in d o na fe es 'm o a jis n r es h m no i t 2 notcl ry r s i acompli .SeeBr v.Car l 1 F. 241,243 ( h Ci.1 ea l aied n ant ock rol, 07 3d 4t r 997) ( ti ,J, o c ri ) Be ud t v. t o Ha o 77 F. 1 4,1 8( t Ci.1 5 ; Lutg .c n u rng ; a et Ciy f mptn, 5 2d 27 27 4 h r 98 ) s e as Gor v.Le 574F. 1147,1151( h Ci.1978 (ec zngt taditit e lo don eke, 2d 4t r ) r ognii ha src c r i n te pe tdt a s met er eo a o aef rapr s p an ig. ou t s o x ce o s u h ol f dv c t o o e l itf Furher or i acompl i i ba r by t a i abl sat e oflm ia i ,i may t m e, f a nt s r ed he pplc e t ut i t tons t bedimis asfi ouspurua t j 1 e)2)B)i) Nasm v.W ar M d.Hous of s s ed rvol s nt o 915( ( ( (i. i dene e Cor .64 F. 951,956 ( h Ci.1995)(n ba .No f alsaut oflmiai a i r, 3d 4t r e nc) eder tt e i ttons pples i j 1 3a ton . W is nv. r i,4 U. 261 2 6 ( 98 ) Ac o d n l j 1 3 n 98 ci s lo Ga ca 71 S. , 6 1 5 . c r i gy, 98 a ton a eg vene byt saesau eo lmiai n a lc bl t ge r lp r o a ij r ci s r o r d he tt tt t f i tto s pp ia e o nea e s n l n u y ac i i t s a ewhe et alege vi atonsocc . Owensv.Okur 488 U. 235,239tons n he t t r he l d ol i ur e, S. 40( 9 9 .Vig n aha at - a sau eo lmia insf rg ne a pe s na-n u y cams 1 8 ) r i i s wo ye r tt t f i tto o e r l ro lij r li . Va.CodeAnn.j 8. -243() Cons nty,apli ifbrngi acvi rght a tonunder 01 a. eque l antf i ng i l i s ci j 1 i Vigi amus dos wihi t yea sfom t tmehi c eofa i a r . 983 n r ni t o t n wo r r he i s aus cton ccues 1 Theac ua ofacaus ofa i underj 1983f saut oflmiatonspur esi bas d. cr l e cton or tt e i t i pos s ed onf allw.Nasm,64F. 955.A ca eofa i unde j 1983 a r t eder a i 3d us cton r ccues t whent he pl ntf pos es ess fc e f c sa ai if s s uf i i nt a t boutt ha m donet hi t r ona e i r w il he r o m hat eas bl nquiy l r evealhi caus ofa i ' I s e cton.' d. She t scom pl i pr s nt no cl i f pr pec i r i f t ti notpur y lon' a nt e e s a m or os tve ele ha s el s c atve. He makesno i eli bl cl m r gar ng how VDOC c i st f i t m ee pe ul i nt lgi e ai e di ontnue o a l o t hi m e cal physca ,orm e alne s di , i l nt eds;hi compl ntsmpl e es tshi f art tVDOC s ai i y xpr s s e ha wilde hi s es tofm edi ca e i t f ur ashe a l ge ha ne a Gr n Rock l ny m om or cal r n he ut e, le s ppe d t ee Cor e t onalCe e .2 Thec the eor dimis hi compli pur uan t 28U. C. r ci nt r our t r f e s s es s ant s t o S. â 191 e ( ( () 5()2)B)i. I i as a t s lo ppar ntt te n i Shelon w a t s k r t os tver i fi t f m of e ha ve f t s o ee e r pec i ele n he or da age ,t sa ut oflm ia i hasr She t sown alega i r m s he t t e i t tons un. lon' l tons evealt the ha be i ved a e ry a 2009 t tVDOC ha m ed hi by notpr di hi wih de ur s le s al s ha r m ovi ng m t nt e f l i t e r ton ofa1 hi t et Cons olow ng he xtac i 1 s e h. equenty,he pos es ed s fci ntf c sa l s s uf i e a t bout t ha m donet hi a t ttm e t ta r ona ei r woul ha r ve ed hi c us of he r o m t ha i ha eas bl nquiy d ve e al s a e a ton. Hi c r s t t r or comesa l toneye pa tt a i bl t yea ci s ur ent ui, he ef e, t eas ar s he pplca e wo- r saut lmiatons. A cc di y, t cour consde st sa i t befi ousunde j28 tt e i t i 3 or ngl he t i r hi cton o rvol r U. C.1 e)2)B)i) S. 915( ( ( (i. 111. I acc da e wih t mem or ndum opi on e e ed on t sda t cour s n or nc t he a ni nt r hi y, he t ua s nt d s s e S lo sc mp an wihprj ie po e imis s het n' o li t t eudc . z' EN TER :M a c 28 201 r h , 3. UM TED STATES DI CT J STRI UDGE 2M or ove , i appe st twih r pe t hi cure t r ofi ar er ton,Shet hasale been e r t ar ha t es ct o s r nt e m nc c a i lon r ady pr s outoft Da leCiy Jaland i o VDOC,r nde i hi r ocesed he nvil t i nt e rng s eques t betanse r i o sa e t o r f r ed nt tt c t m oot usody . 3Ast Nasm c tc ude , i sre n a if r he i our oncl d n cenig n n o mapa pei p io e c mpan, dsrc c u t y u rs rsn r o lita itit o r ma c i rasa teof lm ia i de e es s ewhe t fceoft compli pl nl r veast e se of onsde ttz t i ttons f ns ua pont n he a he ant ai y e l he xitnct t tdef e. SeeN a i ,6 F. a 953 ha ens sm 4 3d t -54.W hieShet doesnotr ques moneay da age ,hi a r l lon e t tr m s s ppaent rq s frij n tv rle i n t nyrn ee mo tb cus h i n ln e s bett tep l iso pes n e o e uet o nu cie eif s o o l e d rd o e a e e s o o g r u jc o h oi e r ro n l f c Gr e Ro k Co r c in l n e , e et alg d v oa in o c r e , u a s t b re b Va Co eAn .j e n c re t a Ce tr wh r he l e i lto c u r d b t lo i a r d y . d n o e me 8. -43 a. 012 () 4