Marshall v. Creasy et al

Filing 11

MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 6/14/2013. (tvt)

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JL :OFFI t. pI eitr ERK' C' ):. :% j T M NVI f, Lt VA F ., D J (1 2j U J N I TH E UN I N TED STA TES DI STR I T CO UR T C FO R TH E W E STER N D I STR I O F V I G I I CT R N A ROANOKE DI I ON V SI W I I M FR AN K L I M A R SH ALL ,JR. LL A N , Pl nt f , ai i f 2 UL BK . U . ê # E C i lA c i No.7: 3- v- 205 vi t on 1 : 00 M EM O R AND U M O PI O N NI O FFICER CR EA SY ,et aI, . Def endant s. By: H on.Jac k on L . i e ls K sr Se or U nie St e D i t c Judge ni t d at s s ri t W ila Fr nkln M a s l J .a Vigi a i t pr e ngpr s fl ac vi rg s li m a i r hal, r, r ni nma e oce di o e, ied i l i ht Co lit u s a t o4 U. C. 1 3wi jlidcinv se i 28U. C. 1 4 .Plitf mpan p ru n t 2 S. j 98 t t s ito e td n h r S. j 3 3 an if na asde e nt Ofi r Cr y,Bur s ,W oods a Amosoft Al m a l mes f nda s fce s eas ge s , nd he be re Cha l ts leRegina Jal Pl ntf a lge t tOfi e Cr a y c le pli tf a é l ' zote vil o l i. ai if le s ha tc r e s a ld a n if k nk'; pt Ofi rBtr s ca ld pl i ifatq e ';Ofk e sBur sa W oodspr ii fce tge s le antf iue r' t r ges nd opostonedpli if antf f rs xualf vor ;a Ofke Amosi ule pl i ifsit lge e, l notal pl i ift o e a s nd f r ns t d antf n eli nc wil low antf o havec e ni s i i hi c l,a wilnotalow pl ntf t ha m or t n onebe r ge l a ng upples n s e l nd l l ai if o ve e ha ve a c wihmeas Thi matri be oemef sr e ng, s ntt 28U. C.j 1 5A.Afe up t l. s te s f r or c e ni purua o S. 91 tr r ve ngplitf ss b sin , ds s t eCo litwi u p eu iefrf i n t saea e iwi an if u miso s I imis h mpan t t rj d c o al g o tt ho i cai upon whih r le may begr nt d. lm c ei f a e lm us dimisa a to orcai tld by a i t i ldee mi t tt a ton or t s s ny c i n l m ie n nma e f tr ne ha he ci cai i fi ouso f l t sae ac am o whi h r le m a begr nt d. Se 28U . C. l m s rvol r ais o t t l i n c e if y a e e S. j 1 5e ( ) 1 5 b () 4 U. C. 1 9 e c .Th frtsa d r icud scamsb sd j 91 ()2 , 91 A() 1; 2 S. j 9 7 () e is tn a d n l e li a e upon ça i s a y m e il slgalt or 'l ai sofi rnge ntofal ga i e e twhih En ndiput bl rtes e he y,'s m cl nfi me e l ntr s c cla l doe no e s 'o cli whe et i a t c e i a e cea l ba el s' Net kev. e ry s t xit' r a ms r he t c ual ontntons r l ry s es .' iz f W il ms 49 U.. 9 3 7( 9 9 .Th s c n sa d r i t efmiirsa d r f ramoint li , 0 S 31 , 2 1 8 ) e e o d tn a d s h n l tn ad o n a t o o t , . ' dimisunde Fedea Rul ofCi lPr ed e1 b)6) a ce i apli ifsfcua al atons s s r rl e vi oc ur 2( ( , c ptng antf a t l leg i > ast e.A c nz ompl i nee ç s ta pl n sa e ntoft cai s ant ds $ hor nd ai t t me a he l m howi t tt plade i ng ha he e r s e t ldt rle a s fce tçta t a alg to s. .or iearg t orle a o t e ni e o eif' nd ufiin d l cu l l ai n . t as ih t eif b ve h t g e s ultvelve ....'BelAt.Com .v.Twombl 55 U. 5 555( pec ai e l ' l l v, 0 S. 44, 2007)(ntnzl ie a q tto makso te ) A plitf sb ssf rrle t e ur smo eta lb l a d uoain r mitd . anif a i o eif ç q ie r h n a es n r c l i .... I The ef e apl i ifmus tal gef t s tc e t sae a1t elm e s oncusons ' d. r or , antf ' t sle acs ufi i nt o t t l he e nt s o (h jcam.1 Ba sv E.. upontdeN em our & co., 3 4F.d7 , 6 (t ci. 0 3 . f t e li '' s . I D 2 3 61 7 5 4h r 2 0 ) Tosaeacam t rj1 aplitf mus algeûhevi ai ofargh s cle by tt li mde 983, anif t le t olton t i t e tr d t Consiuton a lwsoft Unie Stt s a m us s he tt i nd a he t d a e , nd t how t tt al ge de i ton was ha he le d prva i c ommitdbyape s aci underc o ofsaelw. W etv. ki ,48 U. 42, ( 988 . te ron tng olr tt a ' s At ns 7 S. 48 1 ) ' W he adef nda m a commen st tma c tt eve ba a e o ha a s nt t e n e nt kes t ha y onsiut r l bus r r s me , hos c omment aone dono rs t t lvelofa Ei h Ame m e vi ai n. Se Coli v. s l t ie o he e n ght nd nt olto e lns Ct v, 0 F.d8 5 8 7( 0h Ci. 9 9 , ie fv rbvi Mo d v. o e 8 5F.d8 5 md 6 3 2 2 , 2 1 t r 1 7 ) ctd a o a l n, o v Gr v , 8 2 6 (t Ci.1 9)(a e (mpubls d)(ttngasage r nzet tveba a eofi tsby 4h r 98 tbl) t ihe sai neal l ha r l bus nmae g r s wih u mo e d e n tsaeac n tt to l li ; o rs nv M a t , 5 F. u p. uad , t o t r , o s o tt o siuina caml M rio . ri 7 5 S p n 6 3 6 7( D. C. 9 0 (a ) eCo ttto d e n ttr tc a ans a1n r so so 8 , 8 E. N. 1 9 ) s me .Th nsi in o s o G oe t g i t 1itu in n u p o ' pe c ofmi ' Pitlyv.W ars 927F. 3,7(1tCi.1 ) Veba ha a s ntand nes a e nd. tse ' ih, 2d s r 991. r l r sme 1D eemi ngwhet rac tr ni he ompl ntsaesaplusbl cai f r ifi $ c e -pe fct k t tr quiest ai tt a i e l m or ele s t ontxts cii as ha e r he a rve ngc u tod a o is u iil x ein ea dc mmo sns. As co v.c l5 6U.. 6 , 7 -9 e iwi o r t rw n tj dca e p re c n o n e e' h r h Iba, 5 S 6 2 6 87 ' (0 9 .Th s ac u t ce nn ac mplitu d rRue1 ()6 cnie tf pla ig ta aen t n ie t a 2 0 ) u, o r sre ig o an n e l 2b () a d niy e dn s h t r o e tt d o n l asumptonoft t bec et yconss ofnomor t n lbel a c usons I Alhough llbe alyconsr a s i ruh aus he it e ha a s nd oncl i . d. t i rl tue p os c mpan, ie v. re, 0 U. 51 ,5 021(9 2 , d n tata a imaesa v ct,uaso t r e o litHan s Ken r4 4 S. 9 2 - 1 7 ) l o o c s n n t' d o ae s p ne de l ng saut y a c tttonalcai snotceal r iedi acompl nt SeeBr k v.Carol,l F. 241, veopi tt or nd onsiui lm l ry as n ai . oc r l 07 3d 243( h Ci.199 ( ti J,c uri ; ude t CiyofHamot 775F. 127 1 ( h Ci.1985 . See 4t r 7) Lu tg, . onc rng) Bea t v. t on, 2d 4, 278 4t r ) as Go d nv. e e 5 4F.d 1 4 ,1 51( hCi.1 7 )(e o nzn ta adsrc c u tsno e p ce t lo r o Le k , 7 2 1 7 1 4t r 9 8 rc g iig h t itit o r i t x e td o a s meterl o a v c t frap os panig. su h oe f d o ae o r e litf i et e t t an i ae, n t a e e t ti c us a i t f arore o i a ey,do dl hr a s o nm t eve o n xt nt ha t a es n nma e e m tonal nxit notc tt t a i son ofa i ntfed lbe t i e e t Se Emm o v. c uchln,874 onsiu e n nva i ny de i i ry nt r s . e ns M La i F.d3 , 5 ( t Ci.1 8 )(ttn v r a trasc u ig fa f rpanifslf a en t r 2 51 3 4 6h r 9 9 sai g eb l h e t a sn e r o litf ie r o al i fig me t fac n t uina rg t; a t v S r e t 7 0F.d 1 3 ,1 3 ( t Ci. 9 5 nrn e n o e si t l ih ) M ri . a g n , # 2 3 4 3 : 8h r 1 8 ) t o n (aln a i maea o s e en med dno vo aec nsi to a rg tl Ln rv Stee 6 c lig n n t n b c n a i t ilt o tt in l ih s; ma . e l, 98 u F.d 1 6 (t Ci. 9 3 (t h e t ao eaen te o g .A gJ 9 3cam o l a c u swh n 2 28 5h r 1 8 ) sf ras ln r o n u h j 1 8 li n y c r e e t t e t ort e tni co tr ul i ac tt ina de i ton.); vesv.Ciyof he hras hr ae ng nduc es t n onsiuto l prvai ' Ke t Ala y 5 4F. u p.1 4 ( D. Y. 98 )((T1 eus o v l a da u ieln u g gn l ig b n , 9 S p 1 7 N. N. 1 4 & h e f ie n b sv a g a e icudn ( rca e t es, omatrh w a h re to rp e n il, a n tfr t b ssf raj1 8 a il pi t) n te o b o rn r e rhe sbe c n o om he a i o h 93 cam.) The1w i cea t tme efhrae nglngua a gestr ofg1pe ofkerdo li ' . ' a s l r ha r i e tni a ge nd ttes a nal t t no ,e n i t u c tt e cons iutonalvi a i ns' s rv. oods n,373 F.Supp. t ve f r e, ons iut tt i ol to . 'Fi he W o 970,973 ( D. .1 7 ) F rhemoe t esmpl alg to st a plitf d e n t e ev as c n E. Va 9 3 . u t r r ,h i e l ai n h t anif o s o r c i e e o d e be r c a measa ce ng s i sdo no quaiy a s t i l s rousde i tonsof ve age up t l nd lani upple t lf s ufk enty e i prva i ba i hlm a ne t c tt evibl Eiht Ame e ca ms Se .e. , is v.Set r sc z n eds o onsiut a e g h ndm nt li . e c.W lon ie , 5 U. 29 ( 9 1 .Ac o dn l, litf fist saeacam u o whc r l f yb 01 S. 4 1 9 ) c r igy p an if al o tt li p n ih ei ma e e g a td a d1d s s t Co lit t o t rj dc . rne , n imis he mp an wih u p eu ie The Cl r i die t t s nd co e oft sM e o a e k s r ced o e pis hi m r ndum Opi on a t a ompa ng ni nd he cc nyi Or rt pl ntf. de o ai if E T R:hs - dy fte21. N E Ti l aoJ ,03 m ' rUnie Stt sDititJ t d a e src udge