Del Vecchio et al v. Amazon.com, Inc.

Filing 92

ORDER GRANTING DEFT'S 76 MOTION FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER by Judge Robert S. Lasnik. (TF)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON AT SEATTLE 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 NICOLE DEL VECCHIO, et al., Plaintiffs, v. AMAZON.COM, INC., Case No. C11-366RSL ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT’S MOTION FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER Defendant. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 This matter comes before the Court on Defendant’s “Motion for Protective Order” (Dkt. # 76). It asks the Court to enter an order precluding it from having to comply with Plaintiffs’ request for production of “all documents concerning Amazon’s P3P Compact Policy and any modifications made to the same.” The Court GRANTS the request. The question in this case is not one of general relevance. Instead, as both parties acknowledge, it is a question of whether Plaintiffs’ request falls within the narrow bounds of the limited discovery authorized by the Court. See Dkt. # 72. A brief tracing of the history of this case makes clear that it is not. Plaintiffs filed their original complaint in March 2011. Dkt. # 1. In it, they asserted various claims against Defendant, each related to Defendant’s alleged placement of “cookies” on their computers without their knowledge or consent. Id. And in response to Defendant’s subsequent motion to dismiss 23 (and in order to distinguish governing case law), Plaintiffs clarified their position, stating: 24 “Plaintiffs . . . do not allege that misstatements and omissions in Amazon’s Privacy 25 Notice and Terms of Use caused them injury. Instead, Plaintiffs allege that Amazon’s 26 ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT’S MOTION FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER - 1 1 deceptive conduct occurred before plaintiffs could ever read Amazon’s Privacy Notice 2 and its Terms of Use.” Dkt. # 52 at 35–36 (emphasis omitted) (distinguishing Minnick v. 3 Clearwire US, LLC, 683 F. Supp. 2d 1179, 1188 (W.D. Wash. 2010), wherein the “court 4 dismissed false-advertising claims under [Washington’s Consumer Protection Act 5 (“CPA”)] because plaintiffs’ allegations were conclusory, contradicted by defendants’ 6 website disclosures, and plaintiffs failed to allege that they viewed any statements in 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 issue” (emphasis added)). In its ensuing Order, the Court noted the frailty of that argument. The CPA requires a specific showing of injury to business or property to state a claim. Hangman Ridge Training Stables, Inc., v. Safeco Title Ins. Co., 105 Wn.2d 778, 792 (1986). And, under Plaintiffs’ own theory, their injury stemmed from Defendant’s obtainment of information related to their use of Defendant’s site. See Dkt. # 58 at 9. Accordingly, the Court dismissed their claim. Id. at 9–10. Plaintiffs filed an amended complaint shortly thereafter. Dkt. # 61. And, again, Defendant promptly filed a motion to dismiss each of Plaintiffs’ claims. Dkt. # 62. As to 15 two of Plaintiffs’ claims, the Court agreed with Defendant. E.g., Dkt. # 72 at 16–17. It 16 found that Plaintiffs had not plausibly alleged that they suffered any loss to the value of 17 their information or any loss of computer assets, noting, “Not one Plaintiff alleges that he 18 or she experienced any noticeable difference in his or her computer’s performance 19 traceable to Defendant’s actions.” Dkt. # 72 at 7–8. And finding that Plaintiffs had failed 20 to make sufficient allegations after multiple attempts and warnings, the Court dismissed 21 those two claims with prejudice. 22 As to Plaintiff’s remaining CPA and unjust enrichment claims, the Court found the 23 issue of authorization dispositive and noted that “Defendant’s ‘Conditions of Use and 24 Privacy Notice’ appear to notify visitors that it will take the very actions about which 25 Plaintiffs now complain: place browser and Flash cookies on their computers and use 26 those cookies to monitor and collect information about their navigation and shopping ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT’S MOTION FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER - 2 1 habits.” Id. at 12. Nevertheless, in deference to Plaintiffs’ argument that “Amazon’s 2 disclosures, even if they accurately depicted Amazon’s activities, are not prominent 3 enough to put a reasonable user on notice of them,” Dkt. # 67 at 13–14 (emphasis added), 4 the Court agreed to allow Plaintiffs the opportunity to conduct “[l]imited discovery 5 concerning Defendant’s conditions and notice, their location on Defendant’s site, and 6 each Plaintiffs’ use of Defendant’s site.” Dkt. # 72 at 10–13. 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Plainly, Plaintiffs’ request falls outside the scope of that limited opportunity. The Court authorized discovery concerning Plaintiffs’ objection to Defendant’s notice and conditions, not its Compact Policy. The reason is simple: the Court has already found that Plaintiffs failed to allege sufficient facts to state a plausible case of injury on account of injury to their computer assets. Dkt. # 72 at 7–8. Accordingly, the only basis of possible CPA “injury” left is their allegations regarding their private information. And, as also already discussed, this loss is not attributable to Plaintiffs visiting of Defendant’s site, it is attributable to their use of its site—a reality Plaintiffs had previously acknowledged. See id. at 12 n.9 15 (“Given the issue of causation identified by the Court in its previous Order, 16 Plaintiffs appear to have abandoned their contention that their injury occurred as 17 soon as they navigated to Defendant’s site and cookies were transferred to their 18 computer.”). The Court will not permit Plaintiffs to avoid the natural implications 19 of their own arguments. Their claim is dependant on the applicability of 20 Defendant’s notice and conditions and thus, as the Court previously ordered, 21 discovery is limited at this time to that issue. 22 For all of the foregoing reasons, the Court GRANTS Defendant’s motion. 23 DATED this 4th day of September, 2012. 24 25 26 A Robert S. Lasnik United States District Judge ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT’S MOTION FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER - 3