Davis v. Bayer, AG et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER granting in part and denying in part plaintiff's 38 MOTION to Amend Complaint to Join Union Carbide Company as a Party Defendant; granting in part as to the plaintiff's request to add Union Carbide Company as a defendant in the instant case; and denying in part as to the relation back of the amendment. Signed by Judge Joseph R. Goodwin on 5/30/2012. (cc: attys; any unrepresented party) (cbo)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF WEST VIRGINIA
SUE FERGUSON DAVIS,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:11-cv-00879
BAYER AG, et al.,
MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER
Pending before the court is the plaintiff Sue Ferguson Davis’s Motion to Amend Complaint
to Join Union Carbide Company as a Party Defendant [Docket 38]. For the reasons discussed
below, this Motion is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part.
The plaintiff’s Motion requests that the court allow her to amend the Complaint and that
the amendment relate back to the date of filing. (Mot. to Amend Compl. [Docket 38].) The
plaintiff filed her Motion to Amend on March 9, 2012, which was within the time allowed by this
court’s scheduling order for parties to amend their pleadings. The defendants responded to the
Motion, stating that they do not oppose the plaintiff’s Motion to Amend. (Defs.’ Resp. Supp.
Pl.’s Mot. to Amend [Docket 43].)
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15 governs amendments to the pleadings. Rule 15
requires that after the time for amending as a matter of course has passed, “a party may amend its
pleading only with the opposing party’s written consent or the court’s leave.” FED. R. CIV. P.
15(a)(2). In this case, the defendants have stated in writing that they do not oppose the plaintiff’s
Motion to Amend. Accordingly, the court GRANTS in part the plaintiff’s Motion to Amend as
to the plaintiff’s request to add Union Carbide Company as a defendant in the instant case.
The plaintiff also seeks to have the amendment relate back to the date in which the case
was initiated. Rule 15(c) governs the relation back of amendments. Rule 15(c) states in
pertinent part that:
An amendment to a pleading relates back to the date of the original pleading when . . . (B)
the amendment asserts a claim or defense that arose out of the conduct, transaction or
occurrence set out―or attempted to be set out―in the original pleading; or (C) the
amendment changes the party or the naming of the party against whom a claim is asserted,
if Rule 15(c)(1)(B) is satisfied and if, within the period provided by Rule 4(m) for serving
the summons and complaint, the party to be brought in by amendment: (i) received such
notice of the action that it will not be prejudiced in defending on the merits; and (ii) knew
or should have known that the action would have been brought against it, but for a mistake
concerning the proper party’s identity.
FED. R. CIV. P. 15(c)(1)(C)(2)-(3). Thus, in this case because the amendment changes a party
against whom a claim is asserted, the amendment relates back if:
(1) the claim in the amended complaint arose out of the same transaction that formed the
basis of the claim in the original complaint; (2) the party to be brought in by the
amendment received notice of the action such that it will not be prejudiced in maintaining a
defense to the claim; and (3) it should have known that it would have originally been
named a defendant “but for a mistake concerning the identity of the proper party.”
Goodman v. Praxair, Inc., 494 F.3d 458, 467 (4th Cir. 2007).
The Fourth Circuit has clarified the requirements for the relation back of amendments. As
to the notice requirement articulated in Rule 15(c)(1)(C)(i), the potential party to be added must
receive within the limitations period “not only notice of the institution of an action but also notice
of the possibility that the putative new defendant may be a defendant in that action.” W.
Contracting Corp. v. Bechtel Corp., 885 F.2d 1196, 1201 (4th Cir. 1989). Additionally, to satisfy
Rule 15(c)(1)(C)’s knowledge requirement, an amendment may “relate back only where there has
been an error made concerning the identity of the proper party . . . but it does not permit relation
back where . . . there is a lack of knowledge of the proper party.” Id. (quoting Wood v. Worachek,
618 F.2d 1225, 1230 (7th Cir. 1980)).
In this case, the Motion to Amend fails to satisfy Rule 15(c)’s requirements. The Motion
to Amend does not establish that Union Carbide Company received notice of the instant action or
notice that it “may be a defendant in that action” within the statute of limitations period. See id.
Additionally, the Motion did not demonstrate that Union Carbide “knew or should have known
that, but for a mistake concerning the identity of the proper party, the action would have been
brought against” it.
See FED. R. CIV. P. 15(c)(1)(C)(ii).
Thus, the requirements for the
amendment to relate back to the date of the original pleading are not satisfied. Accordingly, the
court DENIES in part the Motion to Amend as to the relation back of the amendment.
The court DIRECTS the Clerk to send a copy of this Order to counsel of record and any
May 30, 2012