United States vs. Leon-Paz

Filing 920061219

Opinion

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United States Court of Appeals Tenth Circuit UNITED STATES CO URT O F APPEALS TENTH CIRCUIT F I L E D December 19, 2006 Elisabeth A. Shumaker Clerk of Court U N ITED STA TES O F A M ER ICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. GIL LEON -PAZ, Defendant-Appellant. No. 05-2400 District of New M exico (D.C. No. CR-05-418 LH) OR D ER AND JUDGM ENT * Before M U RPH Y, SE YM OU R, and M cCO NNELL, Circuit Judges. Gil Leon-Paz pleaded guilty to illegal reentry in violation of 8 U.S.C. 1326(a) & (b)(2). At his sentencing hearing, he asked for and received a fiftyseven-month sentence-- the shortest sentence in his Guidelines range-- without objecting to the Guidelines calculation or arguing that, based on the factors in 18 After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist in the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). This case is therefore submitted without oral argument. This order and judgment is not binding precedent except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata and collateral estoppel. It may be cited, however, for its persuasive value consistent with Fed. R. App. P. 32.1 (eff. Dec. 1, 2006) and 10th Cir. R. 32.1 (eff. Jan. 1, 2007). * U.S.C. 3553(a), he should receive a below -Guidelines sentence. On appeal, M r. Leon-Paz alleges that the district court erred by failing to consider on the record the 3553(a) factors and by failing to state its reasons for sentencing him to fiftyseven months imprisonment. His arguments, however, are foreclosed by United States v. Lopez-Flores, 444 F.3d 1218, 1222 (10th Cir. 2006), which held that a district court need not explain how the 3553(a) factors justify a withinGuidelines sentence if a defendant does not argue at sentencing that the 3553(a) factors entitle him to a below-G uidelines sentence. M r. Leon-Paz bases his arguments largely on United States v. SanchezJuarez, 446 F.3d 1109 (10th Cir. 2006), where this Court vacated a sentence because the district court failed to consider the 3553(a) factors on the record after the defendant requested a below-G uidelines sentence. Id. at 111517. Sanchez-Juarez held that "where a defendant has raised a nonfrivolous argument that the 3553(a) factors w arrant a below-Guidelines sentence and has expressly requested such a sentence, we must be able to discern from the record that `the sentencing judge [did] not rest on the guidelines alone, but . . . consider[ed] whether the guidelines sentence actually conforms, in the circumstances, to the statutory factors.'" Id. at 1117 (quoting United States v. Cunningham, 429 F.3d 673, 676 (7th Cir. 2005)). Sanchez-Juarez, however, is inapposite here. At the sentencing hearing, M r. Leon-Paz's attorney did not request a below-Guidelines sentence, nor did he -2- object to the manner in which the district court calculated the Guidelines range. Instead, he told the district court that "the government has agreed to a recommendation that my client be sentenced to the lower end [of the Guidelines range]. W e would respectfully request that the Court accept that recommendation." R. Vol. IV, 3. He subsequently repeated that request. Id. Because M r. Leon-Paz's attorney failed to object to the method by which the district court calculated the sentence, we review for plain error. But here, there was no error at all. "W hen the defendant has not raised any substantial contentions concerning non-Guidelines 3553(a) factors and the district court imposes a sentence within the Guidelines range, our post-Booker precedents do not require the court to explain on the record how the 3553(a) factors justify the sentence." Lopez-Flores, 444 F.3d at 1222. W e therefore hold that the district court did not commit plain error and AFFIRM the judgment of the United States District Court for the District of New M exico. Entered for the Court, M ichael W . M cConnell Circuit Judge -3-

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