United States v. Martinez-Cobarubias
United States Court of Appeals Tenth Circuit
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS TENTH CIRCUIT
September 2, 2008
Elisabeth A. Shumaker Clerk of Court
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ROBERTO MARTINEZCOBARUBIAS, Defendant-Appellant. No. 07-2298 (D.C. No. 07cr00926JB1) (D.N.M.)
ORDER AND JUDGMENT *
Before O'BRIEN, McKAY, and GORSUCH, Circuit Judges.
Defendant pled guilty to illegally reentering the United States as a deported alien and was sentenced to a forty-six month term of imprisonment. Pursuant to Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), Defendant's counsel has filed a motion to withdraw and a corresponding brief stating that he has found no nonfrivolous issues to raise on appeal. The government declined to file a response
This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. It may be cited, however, for its persuasive value consistent with Fed. R. App. P. 32.1 and 10th Cir. R. 32.1. After examining the briefs and the appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously to grant counsel's request for a decision on the briefs without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(f).
brief, and Defendant himself has not responded or raised any additional points. In his Anders brief, defense counsel raises two potential issues for appeal. First, Defendant could potentially challenge the voluntary nature of his guilty plea. However, the record on appeal contains nothing that would support such a challenge, instead reflecting that Defendant signed the plea agreement, which represented that the plea was freely and voluntarily made, after reading and reviewing every part of it with his attorney in his native language. Second, Defendant could potentially challenge his sentence. However, as defense counsel notes, Defendant in fact benefitted from a downward departure under the Guidelines. Because the district court accepted Defendant's argument that his criminal history category of IV significantly overstated his criminal past, it calculated the range for his sentence based on a criminal history category of III. The record also demonstrates that the district court carefully considered the factors set out in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) in deciding that a sentence of forty-six months, at the bottom of the new sentencing range, would be appropriate. After reviewing the record, we agree with defense counsel that there are no meritorious issues to raise on appeal. We therefore GRANT counsel's motion to withdraw and DISMISS the appeal. Entered for the Court
Monroe G. McKay Circuit Judge
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