USA v. Steven Patrick Riffe


Opinion issued by court as to Appellant Steven Patrick Riffe. Decision: Affirmed. Opinion type: Non-Published. Opinion method: Per Curiam.

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USA v. Steven Patrick Riffe Doc. 0 Case: 10-10330 Date Filed: 12/16/2010 Page: 1 of 3 [DO NOT PUBLISH] IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT ________________________ FILED U.S. COURT OF APPEALS ELEVENTH CIRCUIT No. 10-10330 DECEMBER 16, 2010 Non-Argument Calendar JOHN LEY ________________________ CLERK D.C. Docket No. 7:09-cr-00273-CLS-HGD-1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, lllllllllllllllllllll versus STEVEN PATRICK RIFFE, lllllllllllllllllllll ________________________ Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama ________________________ (December 16, 2010) Defendant-Appellant. Plaintiff-Appellee, Before BLACK, CARNES and MARCUS, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: Case: 10-10330 Date Filed: 12/16/2010 Page: 2 of 3 Steven Patrick Riffe appeals the 168-month total sentence he received after he pled guilty to one count of receiving child pornography, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 2252A(a)(2)(A), one count of possession of child pornography, in violation of 2252A(a)(5)(B), and one count of criminal forfeiture, pursuant to 2253(a)(1), (a)(3). Riffe asserts he should not have received a two-level enhancement under U.S.S.G. 2G2.2(b)(3)(F) because he was not convicted of distribution of child pornography. He further contends his sentence is procedurally and substantively unreasonable because the district court's explanation for his sentence was insufficient and the court failed to consider the factors listed in 18 U.S.C. 3553(a). Lastly, Riffe argues the "amount of images" enhancement pursuant to U.S.S.G. 2G2.2(b)(7)(D), violates the separation of powers doctrine. After review, we affirm Riffe's sentence. Prior to his sentencing hearing, Riffe filed a written objection to the presentence report specifically objecting to the legal conclusion that he had distributed child pornography. He did not, however, object to the facts in the PSI which showed he used Limewire, a peer-to-peer file-sharing program, to obtain and store child pornography images on his computer. Therefore, it is undisputed that Riffe obtained child pornography through the use of file-sharing software, stored such pornography in his shared folder, and the police downloaded 2 Case: 10-10330 Date Filed: 12/16/2010 Page: 3 of 3 pornography directly from that folder. We find no error in the district court's application of the 2G2.2(b)(3)(F) distribution enhancement. Additionally, we conclude Riffe's 168-month total sentence was both procedurally and substantively reasonable. The district court correctly calculated the advisory guideline range and stated the range was advisory. The court made clear it had considered the 3553(a) factors, and it emphasized the seriousness of the offense and the need for specific deterrence. The court's sentence of 168 months represented the lowest end of the applicable guideline range of 168-210 months, and we ordinarily expect such a sentence to be reasonable. See United States v. Talley, 431 F.3d 784,788 (11th Cir. 2005). Lastly, the district court did not commit plain error when it applied an "amount of images" enhancement pursuant to U.S.S.G. 2G2.2(b)(7)(D). Although this Court nor the Supreme Court has previously addressed the constitutionality of the enhancement, other circuits have upheld the statute's constitutionality. See, e.g., United States v. Rogers, 610 F.3d 975, 977-78 (7th Cir. 2010); United States v. Bastian, 603 F.3d 460, 465 (8th Cir. 2010). AFFIRMED. 3

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