USA v. Gerald Schuerer


Opinion issued by court as to Appellant Gerald Schuerer in 11-11010, Appellant Fay Schuerer in 11-11011. Decision: Affirmed. Opinion type: Non-Published. Opinion method: Per Curiam. [11-11010, 11-11011] Consolidated with and also filed in 11-11011--[Edited 08/07/2013 by DC]

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USA v. Gerald Schuerer Doc. 0 Case: 11-11010 Date Filed: 08/07/2013 Page: 1 of 3 [DO NOT PUBLISH] IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT ________________________ No. 11-11010 ________________________ D. C. Docket No. 3:10-cr-00074-MCR-1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus GERALD SCHUERER, Defendant-Appellant. ________________________ No. 11-11011 ________________________ D. C. Docket No. 3:10-cr-00074-MCR-2 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus FAY SCHUERER, Defendant-Appellant. Case: 11-11010 Date Filed: 08/07/2013 Page: 2 of 3 ________________________ Appeals from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida _________________________ (August 7, 2013) Before MARTIN and BLACK, Circuit Judges, and GOLDBERG, * Judge. PER CURIAM: Gerald and Fay Schuerer appeal their convictions, following a jury trial, for mail fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1341; and fraudulent concealment of property belonging to a bankruptcy estate, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 152(1). Specifically, the Schuerers contend the Government failed to present sufficient evidence to convict them because: (1) they were not the debtors in Bankruptcy Case No. 03-4073-LMK for the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Florida; (2) there was no admissible evidence that the final order of discharge in their bankruptcy case was caused to be delivered by the United States Postal Service; and (3) the jury was provided an erroneous instruction on the concealment of property count. We review de novo whether the evidence was sufficient to sustain a conviction. United States v. Hasson, 333 F.3d 1264, 1270 (11th Cir. 2003). We view the record in the light most favorable to the verdict, drawing all reasonable * Honorable Richard W. Goldberg, United States Court of International Trade Judge, sitting by designation. 2 Case: 11-11010 Date Filed: 08/07/2013 Page: 3 of 3 inferences and resolving all questions of credibility in favor of the Government. See id. After reviewing the record, reading the parties’ briefs, and having the benefit of oral argument, we conclude there is no merit to the Schuerers’ sufficiency arguments and that there was sufficient evidence to convict Gerald and Fay Schuerer of both counts. The Schuerers also request that we remand to the district court for it to consider whether their trial counsel’s performance was ineffective. However, “[e]xcept in the rare instance when the record is sufficiently developed, we will not address claims for ineffective assistance on direct appeal.” United States v. Verbitskaya, 406 F.3d 1324, 1337 (11th Cir. 2005). “Instead, an ineffective assistance of counsel claim is properly raised in a collateral attack on the conviction under 28 U.S.C. § 2255.” United States v. Merill, 513 F.3d 1293, 1308 (11th Cir. 2008) (quotations and alteration omitted). We conclude the record is not sufficiently developed for an ineffective assistance of counsel claim, and we will not address it on direct appeal. Accordingly, we affirm the Schuerers’ convictions. 1 AFFIRMED. 1 The Schuerers withdrew their cumulative error argument in their Reply Brief and we therefore do not address it. 3

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