Kingsley Bernard v. FCC Coleman Warden


Opinion issued by court as to Appellant Kingsley Bernard. Decision: Affirmed. Opinion type: Non-Published. Opinion method: Per Curiam. The opinion is also available through the Court's Opinions page at this link

Download PDF
Case: 15-13344 Date Filed: 04/24/2017 Page: 1 of 4 [DO NOT PUBLISH] IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT ________________________ No. 15-13344 Non-Argument Calendar ________________________ D.C. Docket No. 5:14-cv-00673-WTH-PRL KINGSLEY BERNARD, Petitioner-Appellant, versus FCC COLEMAN WARDEN, Respondent-Appellee. ________________________ Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida ________________________ (April 24, 2017) Before TJOFLAT, HULL, and WILLIAM PRYOR, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: Case: 15-13344 Date Filed: 04/24/2017 Page: 2 of 4 Kingsley Bernard, a federal prisoner proceeding pro se, appeals the district court’s dismissal of his 28 U.S.C. § 2241 habeas corpus petition. On appeal, Bernard argues that he satisfies the requirements of the § 2255(e) saving clause because Eleventh Circuit precedent previously foreclosed his claim. After a review of the record and consideration of the parties’ briefs, we affirm. We review de novo whether a prisoner may bring a petition for a writ of habeas corpus under the saving clause of § 2255(e). McCarthan v. Dir. of Goodwill Indus.-Suncoast, Inc., No. 12-14989, manuscript op. at 6 (11th Cir. Mar. 14, 2017) (en banc). Typically, collateral attacks on the validity of a federal conviction or sentence must be brought under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Sawyer v. Holder, 326 F.3d 1363, 1365 (11th Cir. 2003). Challenges to the execution of a sentence, rather than to its validity, are properly brought under § 2241. Antonelli v. Warden, U.S.P. Atlanta, 542 F.3d 1348, 1352 (11th Cir. 2008). However, the “saving clause” of § 2255 permits a federal prisoner to file a habeas petition pursuant to § 2241 if the petitioner establishes that the remedy provided for under § 2255 is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his detention. 28 U.S.C. § 2255(e); see also McCarthan, No. 12-14989, manuscript op. at 7-8. We recently overruled our prior precedents regarding the saving clause and established a new test for when prisoners can proceed under § 2241. McCarthan, 2 Case: 15-13344 Date Filed: 04/24/2017 Page: 3 of 4 No. 12-14989, manuscript op. at 35-36, 53. Looking to the text of the saving clause, we determined that the only relevant consideration is whether the prisoner would have been permitted to bring that type of claim in a § 2255 motion. Id. at 17-35. If so, the § 2255 remedy is adequate and effective, even if the specific claim would have been foreclosed by circuit precedent or otherwise subject to some procedural bar or time limitation. Id. at 19-22. A § 2255 motion is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of a prisoner’s detention under the saving clause only in limited circumstances. Id. at 36. Those circumstances include: (1) when raising claims challenging the execution of the sentence, such as the deprivation of good-time credits or parole determinations; (2) when the sentencing court is unavailable, such as when the sentencing court itself has been dissolved; or (3) when practical considerations, such as multiple sentencing courts, might prevent a petitioner from filing a motion to vacate. Id. at 35-36. In this case, Bernard does not satisfy the new McCarthan test for proceeding under the saving clause. Bernard could have brought his § 2241 claims in his first § 2255 motion. See id. at 17-35. Although the district court dismissed his first § 2255 motion as untimely and Bernard currently argues that circuit precedent previously foreclosed his claim, those circumstances did not prevent Bernard from testing the legality of his detention using § 2255. See id. at 19-22. Moreover, Bernard does not challenge the execution of his sentence, his sentencing court is 3 Case: 15-13344 Date Filed: 04/24/2017 Page: 4 of 4 not unavailable, and practical considerations will not prevent him from filing a § 2255 motion in the Eastern District of New York. Id. at 35-36. Indeed, Bernard has already filed two such motions in that court. AFFIRMED. 4

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?