In re: Jeffrey Johnson


NOT PRECEDENTIAL PER CURIAM OPINION Coram: AMBRO, GREENAWAY JR. and SCIRICA, Circuit Judges. Total Pages: 4. BLD-323. We grant the motion to be relieved from the service requirements and the motion to take "judicial notice" of Haskell. We have review Haskell in our analysis of Johnson's request for mandamus relief.

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Case: 17-2337 Document: 003112730680 Page: 1 *AMENDED BLD-323 Date Filed: 09/20/2017 NOT PRECEDENTIAL UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT ___________ No. 17-2337 ___________ IN RE: JEFFREY JOHNSON, Petitioner ____________________________________ On a Petition for Writ of Mandamus from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (Related to E.D. Pa. No. 2-00-cr-00419-003) ____________________________________ Submitted Pursuant to Rule 21, Fed. R. App. P. July 27, 2017 Before: AMBRO, GREENAWAY, JR. and SCIRICA, Circuit Judges (Opinion filed: September 20, 2017) _________ OPINION* _________ PER CURIAM In December 2000, after a jury trial, Jeffrey Johnson was convicted of conspiracy to distribute over 50 grams of cocaine base and to distribute cocaine base within 1000 feet of a public housing facility in Philadelphia, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846. He was * This disposition is not an opinion of the full Court and pursuant to I.O.P. 5.7 does not constitute binding precedent. Case: 17-2337 Document: 003112730680 Page: 2 Date Filed: 09/20/2017 sentenced to 360 months in prison. We affirmed his judgment, rejecting his claims of error, including the argument that the District Court should have granted a new trial based on evidence of a violation of Brady v. Maryland, 373 U.S. 83 (1963). See United States v. Phillips, 349 F.3d 138, 143 & n.5 (3d Cir. 2003). Most of Johnson’s subsequent efforts to win relief have been unsuccessful,1 including his renewed motion for a new trial based on additional alleged Brady violations and newly discovered evidence, which he filed after his appeal was decided. See United States v. Johnson, 380 F. Supp. 2d 660 (E.D. Pa. 2005). Johnson now presents a petition for a writ of mandamus.2 He contends that the actions of the District Judge and the prosecutor prevented him from establishing the criminal behavior of the officers who arrested him and the effect of their actions on his sentence. In making this argument, Johnson names the same officers he identified in his renewed motion for a new trial. He asserts that the prosecutor’s violations of Brady, coupled with the District Judge’s abuse of discretion in earlier proceedings, calls for mandamus relief. Additionally, he discusses how the criminal trial and the outcome of his direct appeal could have been different if he had the Brady material previously and if the District Judge had presided differently over his trial. In support of his mandamus petition, he includes his own affidavit and newspaper articles that mention the discovery, 1 A more recent claim under Johnson v. United States, 135 S. Ct. 2551 (2015), has not yet been decided. See E.D. Pa. Crim. No. 2:00-cr-00419-003, ECF Nos. 780 & 786. 2 Describing a problem in the prison where he is incarcerated, he also seeks relief from 2 Case: 17-2337 Document: 003112730680 Page: 3 Date Filed: 09/20/2017 by Johnson’s counsel on appeal, of an FBI report about police corruption in Philadelphia. He also submits a motion for us to take “judicial notice” of our recent decision in Haskell v. Superintendent Greene SCI, No. 15-3427, --- F.3d ---, 2017 WL 3255290, at *1 (3d Cir. Aug. 1, 2017), asserting that it relates to his case. Johnson asks us to compel the District Judge to “perform his duty” and to recuse. He also requests that the Assistant United States Attorney who was assigned to his criminal case be ordered to “comply with the law” regarding Brady material and to recuse from his case. Johnson further requests that we order a new determination of his criminal case with a new prosecutor and an impartial judge and without evidence provided by purportedly corrupt police officers. We will deny the petition. Mandamus is an extraordinary remedy. See Kerr v. U.S. Dist. Court, 426 U.S. 394, 402 (1976). A petitioner must ordinarily have no other means to obtain the desired relief, and he must show a clear and indisputable right to issuance of the writ. In re Sch. Asbestos Litig., 977 F.2d 764, 772 (3d Cir. 1992). Johnson does not show a right to mandamus relief. Instead, he essentially seeks to challenge his criminal judgment or appeal earlier decisions in the criminal proceedings. He even wants a sort of “do-over” of his criminal case. However, mandamus is not a substitute for appeal. See Cheney v. U.S. Dist. Court, 542 U.S. 367, 380-81 (2004); Madden v. Myers, 102 F.3d 74, 79 (3d Cir. 1996). the service requirements for his petition. 3 Case: 17-2337 Document: 003112730680 Page: 4 Date Filed: 09/20/2017 Johnson also does not show that he is entitled to an order compelling the District Judge’s recusal.3 A mandamus petition can be a proper means of challenging a district judge’s refusal to recuse pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 455. In re Kensington Int’l Ltd., 368 F.3d 289, 300-01 (3d Cir. 2004). With his petition, Johnson attempts to suggest that the District Judge’s impartiality might reasonably be questioned. See 28 U.S.C. § 455(a). However, at base, Johnson’s complaints are largely related to ordinary judicial decision making. Mere dissatisfaction with rulings does not warrant recusal. See Securacomm Consulting, Inc. v. Securacom Inc., 224 F.3d 273, 278 (3d Cir. 2000) (“We have repeatedly stated that a party’s displeasure with legal rulings does not form an adequate basis for recusal.”). For these reasons, we will deny Johnson’s petition.4 3 And there is no basis for us to order the Assistant United States Attorney to withdraw from the case. 4 We grant the motion to be relieved from the service requirements and the motion to take “judicial notice” of Haskell. We have reviewed Haskell in our analysis of Johnson’s request for mandamus relief. 4

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