In re: Corey Lane
NOT PRECEDENTIAL PER CURIAM OPINION Coram: AMBRO, RESTREPO and NYGAARD, Circuit Judges. Total Pages: 2. BLD-083
Date Filed: 01/08/2018
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT
In re: COREY LANE,
On a Petition for Writ of Mandamus from the
United States District Court for the District of New Jersey
(Related to D.N.J. Civ. No. 2:16-cv-08948)
Submitted Pursuant to Rule 21, Fed. R. App. P.
December 21, 2017
Before: AMBRO, RESTREPO and NYGAARD, Circuit Judges
(Opinion filed January 8, 2018)
Corey Lane filed a federal civil rights complaint against the State of New Jersey,
raising claims related to a child welfare proceeding in state court. Currently pending in
the District Court are: (1) Lane’s “demand for judgment” under Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(c), see
ECF 40 (filed in May 2017); (2) a fully briefed motion under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b) to
This disposition is not an opinion of the full Court and pursuant to I.O.P. 5.7 does not
constitute binding precedent.
Date Filed: 01/08/2018
dismiss Lane’s amended complaint, see ECF 69-71 (briefing completed in October
2017); and (3) Lane’s motion under Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2) to further amend his
complaint, see ECF 72 (filed in November 2017), to which New Jersey has not
responded. In December 2017, Lane filed with this Court a petition for a writ of
mandamus, requesting that we compel the District Court to immediately rule on both his
“demand for judgment” and his motion to amend.1
Lane’s mandamus petition will be denied. As we have previously indicated to
Lane in denying him mandamus relief, see In re Lane, 697 Fed. App’x 120, 121 (3d Cir.
2017), while issuance of the writ may be warranted when adjudicatory delay by the
District Court is so protracted as to amount to a failure to exercise jurisdiction, see
Madden v. Myers, 102 F.3d 74, 79 (3d Cir. 1996), we are not yet faced with such delay in
the proceedings below. Cf. id. (8 months of inaction on motion insufficient to compel
mandamus relief). We remain confident that the District Court will, in due course, rule on
the pending motions at issue.
The Clerk of the District Court appears to have entered the “demand for judgment” on
the docket as a motion seeking relief under Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(b). But Lane had invoked
only the language of Rule 54(c) to support a request that the District Court grant him
“Habeas Corpus Relief of enforcing my right to unsupervised visitation and unsupervised
physical custody of my 4 minor children.” ECF 40, p. 4. While Lane’s mandamus
petition indicates—contrary to the text of his Rule 54(c) motion—that he sought relief
under Rule 54(b), this discrepancy is immaterial to our disposition. We note for Lane’s
benefit, however, that Rule 54(c) merely “makes clear that a judgment should give the
relief to which a party is entitled, regardless of whether it is legal or equitable or both.”
Fed. R. Civ. P. 54 advisory committee’s note to 1937 adoption. It “was meant to protect a
plaintiff from clumsy pleading, which, through technical oversight, might deprive it of a
deserved recovery.” USX Corp. v. Barnhart, 395 F.3d 161, 165 (3d Cir. 2004).
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