US v. Aslam
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, versus ZEESHAN ASLAM, a/k/a Shawn, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Maryland, at Baltimore. J. Frederick Motz, District Judge. (1:05-cr-00273-JFM)
September 28, 2007
October 25, 2007
Before MICHAEL, TRAXLER, and SHEDD, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
William S. Little, STARK & LITTLE, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellant. Rod J. Rosenstein, United States Attorney, Harry M. Gruber, Assistant United States Attorney, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Zeeshan Aslam appeals from the judgment imposed after he pled guilty, pursuant to a written plea agreement, to smuggling goods, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 545 (2000). His plea agreement The
included a waiver of the right to appeal his sentence.
Government filed a motion to dismiss the appeal based on the appellate waiver. it in part to The court granted the motion in part and denied the appeal based only upon claims of
ineffective assistance of counsel. Claims of ineffective assistance of counsel are generally not cognizable on direct appeal. F.3d 290, 295 (4th Cir. 1997). See United States v. King, 119 Rather, to allow for adequate
development of the record, a defendant must bring his claim in a 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (2000) motion. F.3d 415, 418 (4th Cir. 1994). See id.; United States v. Hoyle, 33 An exception exists when the record United States v.
conclusively establishes ineffective assistance.
Richardson, 195 F.3d 192, 198 (4th Cir. 1999); King, 119 F.3d at 295. Aslam argues that counsel was ineffective related to the stipulation to the amount of loss at sentencing. The $759,161.16
that was stipulated to by all parties was contained in the plea agreement in the forfeiture provision. The plea agreement also
contained a guideline stipulation that the value of the items exceeded $400,000, but was less than $1,000,000. Aslam now objects
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to the calculation of the value of the items seized.
that trial counsel was inadequate because he did not independently investigate the financial records of the corporation as Aslam advised. He states on appeal that he also furnished financial
records and calculation amounts to the district court, but none are found in the record. The record is also devoid of any comment by
Aslam at the Fed. R. Crim. P. 11 hearing that he did not agree to the stipulated amount. Aslam next argues that his financial records demonstrated that he had a negative net worth and therefore his counsel should not have permitted him to be subject to joint and several liability for the entire forfeiture amount contained in the plea agreement. Aslam contends that, because he had to rely upon his co-defendant father's satisfaction of the obligation, and that obligation was not satisfied by the first deadline, he was prejudiced by being held jointly and severally liable. He contends that his counsel
should not have permitted him to enter into the plea agreement based on these conditions. We conclude that Aslam has not
conclusively established ineffective assistance of counsel on this basis. Again, there is no indication in the record on appeal that
there was an obvious error in the value of loss calculation. Further, it is not evident that Aslam was prejudiced by the alleged ineffective assistance related to sentencing. Aslam received a
downward departure based upon over-represented criminal history.
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He also received a downward departure from the Guidelines range established in the presentence report based upon the court's finding that he would likely pending spend his time removal in post-sentence the United
Finally, at the Rule 11 hearing, Aslam agreed that he was satisfied with the services of counsel, and his statement, made under oath, is presumptively accepted as true. See Blackledge v.
Allison, 431 U.S. 63, 74 (1977); Crawford v. United States, 519 F.2d 347, 349 (4th Cir. 1975), overruled on other grounds by United States v. Whitley, 759 F.2d 327 (4th Cir. 1985). We therefore
decline to consider Aslam's allegations of ineffective assistance of counsel, as he may raise them in a 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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