US v. Plumley

Filing 920070228


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UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 06-4585 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, versus ROGER PLUMLEY, Defendant - Appellant. No. 06-4741 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, versus RODNEY PLUMLEY, Defendant - Appellant. Appeals from the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia, at Beckley. Thomas E. Johnston, District Judge. (5:05-cr-00224-2; 5:05-cr-00224-1) Submitted: February 22, 2007 Decided: February 28, 2007 Before WILLIAMS, MOTZ, and SHEDD, Circuit Judges. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Troy N. Giatras, THE GIATRAS LAW FIRM, PLLC, Charleston, West Virginia; Richard M. Gunnoe, Hinton, West Virginia, for Appellants. zCharles T. Miller, United States Attorney, Miller A. Bushong III, Assistant United States Attorney, Beckley, West Virginia, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. - 2 - PER CURIAM: Appellants Roger Plumley (Roger) and Rodney Plumley (Rodney) each pled guilty to conspiracy to distribute fifty grams or more of cocaine base (crack), a quantity of cocaine, and hydrocodone in violation of 21 U.S.C. 846 (2000). The district court sentenced Roger to 190 months imprisonment and Rodney to 193 months imprisonment. and a $2000 fine. Both received five years supervised release Rodney contends on appeal that the district court erred in determining the drug quantity for which he was accountable. Both appellants argue that the court erred in finding that they had more than minor or minimal roles in the conspiracy. We review these factual issues for clear error, United States v. Tucker, 473 F.3d 556, 560 (4th Cir. 2007), and affirm. In 2004 and 2005, the Plumley brothers permitted two separate groups of crack suppliers, one from New York and one from Ohio, to use their residences in West Virginia as a place to sell crack. In exchange, they received crack for their own use. Rodney also sold crack he obtained from the Ohio distributors several times. In April 2005, acting on a tip from a confidential informant, state police stopped one of two vehicles traveling together from Ohio to the Plumleys' home, and seized 187.5 grams of crack from the vehicle. Shortly afterward, a search warrant was executed at the Plumleys' home, where Rodney and the driver of the second vehicle were found with 78 grams of crack. Rodney - 3 - challenges the district court's determination that he was responsible for the crack seized from the vehicle that was stopped by the police. err in We conclude that the district court did not clearly that the crack seized from the vehicle was finding reasonably foreseeable to Rodney, U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual 1B1.3(a)(1)(B), (2) (2005), and attributable to him as relevant conduct. We further conclude that the district court's determination that neither Roger nor Rodney had a mitigating role in the conspiracy was not clearly erroneous. United States v. Pratt, 239 F.3d 640, 646 (4th Cir. 2001) (inquiry is whether defendant's conduct is material or essential to commission of offense). We therefore affirm the sentences imposed by the district court. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED - 4 -

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