US v. Rubio-Martinez
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, versus JOSE RUBIO-MARTINEZ, a/k/a Jose Rubio, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina, at Durham. N. Carlton Tilley, Jr., Chief District Judge. (1:04-cr-00401-NCT)
November 30, 2006
January 24, 2007
Before NIEMEYER, TRAXLER, and GREGORY, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Stacey Rubain, QUANDER & RUBAIN, P.A., Winston-Salem, North Carolina, for Appellant. Anna Mills Wagoner, United States Attorney, Angela H. Miller, Assistant United States Attorney, Greensboro, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Jose Rubio-Martinez appeals the fifty-seven-month
sentence he received after he pled guilty to illegal reentry, 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a), (b)(2) (2000). Rubio-Martinez contends on appeal that his sentence is unreasonable because the district court did not adequately explain its decision not to depart downward based on his cultural assimilation. We affirm.
After United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220, 260-61 (2005), a sentence is reviewed for reasonableness. See also
United States v. Hughes, 401 F.3d 540, 546-47 (4th Cir. 2005). Courts must calculate the appropriate guideline range, making any appropriate factual findings, then consider the resulting advisory guideline range in conjunction with the factors under 18 U.S.C.A. § 3553(a) (West 2000 & Supp. 2006), and determine an appropriate sentence. 2006). United States v. Davenport, 445 F.3d 366, 370 (4th Cir.
If a court imposes a sentence outside the guideline range, Hughes,
the district court must state its reasons for doing so. 401 F.3d at 546. We have held that a sentence within a
calculated guideline range is presumptively reasonable. States v. Johnson, 445 F.3d 339, 341 (4th Cir. 2006). post-Booker sentence may be unreasonable for
However, a and
substantive reasons. "A sentence may be procedurally unreasonable, for example, if the district court provides an inadequate statement
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of reasons . . . . the court relies
A sentence may be substantively unreasonable if on an improper factor or rejects policies United
articulated by Congress or the Sentencing Commission." States v. Moreland, 437 F.3d 424, 434 (4th Cir.)
omitted), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 2054 (2006). Here, the court expressly stated that it did not find cultural assimilation to be an appropriate ground for departure in Rubio-Martinez's explanation was case. adequate We and are the satisfied sentence that was, the court's
reasonable, because the court's decision against a departure is not reviewable, as long as the district court recognized its authority to depart. United States v. Cooper, 437 F.3d 324, 333 (3d Cir.
2006) (collecting cases from five circuits discussing rule postBooker); United States v. Quinn, 359 F.3d 666, 682 (4th Cir. 2004) (citing United States v. Bayerle, 898 F.2d 28, 30-31 (4th Cir. 1990), and stating rule in this Circuit pre-Booker). Martinez acknowledges that the district court Rubioits
authority to depart on this ground in an appropriate case. We therefore affirm the sentence imposed by the district court. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal
contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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