US v. Brooks

Filing 920070709


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UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 06-4696 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, versus JASON BROOKS, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Maryland, at Greenbelt. Peter J. Messitte, District Judge. (8:05cr-00452-PJM) Submitted: June 11, 2007 Decided: July 9, 2007 Before WILKINSON, SHEDD, and DUNCAN, Circuit Judges. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. John M. McKenna, BRENNAN, SULLIVAN & MCKENNA, LLP, Greenbelt, Maryland, for Appellant. Rod J. Rosenstein, United States Attorney, Sandra Wilkinson, Assistant United States Attorney, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. PER CURIAM: Jason Brooks pled guilty to two counts of being a felon in possession of a firearm and ammunition in violation of 18 U.S.C. 922(g) (2000). Under the advisory sentencing guidelines, his The range of imprisonment was thirty-seven to forty-six months. district court sentenced Brooks to concurrent sentences of eightyfour months' imprisonment. On appeal, Brooks claims the district court plainly erred by not giving him notice under Rule 32(h) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure that it was considering a sentence above the advisory guidelines. sentence is unreasonable. Brooks further claims the Finding no error, we affirm. Because Brooks failed to object to the lack of notice, review is for plain error. 276, 281 (4th Cir. 2002). must show: See United States v. Spring, 305 F.3d Under the plain error standard, Brooks (1) there was error; (2) the error was plain; and United States v. (3) the error affected his substantial rights. Olano, 507 U.S. 725, 732-34 (1993). When these conditions are satisfied, we may exercise our discretion to notice the error only if the error "seriously affect[s] the fairness, integrity or public reputation of judicial proceedings." Id. at 736 (internal quotation marks omitted). Brooks has the burden of showing plain error. United States v. Strickland, 245 F.3d 368, 379-80 (4th Cir. 2001). - 2 - We have held that, pursuant to Rule 32(h), advance notice is required before a district court departs or varies from the advisory guideline range in sentencing a defendant after the original judgment of conviction. F.3d 366, 371 (4th Cir. 2006). United States v. Davenport, 445 The failure to give notice that the United court intends to depart is an error that is plain. States v. McClung, 483 F.3d 273, 276 (4th Cir. 2007). We find Brooks fails to show the error affects his substantial rights. He had notice of the factors the district He was given an opportunity to Brooks fails to court used to impose his sentence. provide evidence in mitigation and to allocute. show that there was any evidence he was prevented from showing the court due to lack of reasonable notice. to establish plain error. Brooks' sentence was thirty-eight months above the top end of the guidelines range of imprisonment. When imposing a Accordingly, Brooks fails sentence after United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005), the district court is authorized to make factual findings in order to appropriately determine the defendant's advisory range under the guidelines, as the district court did here. Davenport, 445 F.3d at 370. A post-Booker sentence may be unreasonable for procedural and substantive reasons. "A sentence may be procedurally unreasonable, for example, if the district court provides an inadequate statement of reasons . . . . A sentence may be substantively unreasonable if - 3 - the court relies on an improper factor or rejects policies United articulated by Congress or the Sentencing Commission." States v. Moreland, 437 F.3d 424, 434 (4th Cir.) (citations omitted), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 2054 (2006). "[A] district court's explanation should provide some indication (1) that the court considered the 3553(a) factors with respect to the particular defendant; and (2) that it has also considered the potentially meritorious arguments raised by both parties about sentencing." United States v. Montes-Pineda, 445 F.3d 375, 380 "[I]n determining (4th Cir. 2006) (internal citation omitted). whether there has been an adequate explanation, [the Court does] not evaluate a court's sentencing statements in a vacuum." Rather, "[t]he context surrounding a district court's explanation may imbue it with enough content for [the Court] to evaluate both whether the court considered the 3553(a) factors and whether it did so properly." We Id. at 381. find the district court properly considered the See purposes of imposing a sentence and the 3553(a) factors. United States v. Shortt, 485 F.3d 243 (4th Cir. 2007). Brooks had He also a violent criminal history that included acts of torture. lied to the court regarding possessing firearms. He has shown a lack of respect for the law and for the constraints of supervised release. We find no error by the district court in imposing a sentence above the advisory guidelines range of imprisonment. - 4 - Accordingly, we affirm the convictions and sentence. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED - 5 -

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