US v. Debreus

Filing 920071127

Opinion

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UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 06-4761 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, versus FRANCILLON DEBREUS, Defendant - Appellant. No. 06-4762 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, versus REYNOLD GELIN, Defendant - Appellant. Appeals from the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, at Florence. C. Weston Houck, Senior District Judge. (4:03-cr-00474-CWH) Submitted: November 6, 2007 Decided: November 27, 2007 Before WILKINSON, NIEMEYER, and DUNCAN, Circuit Judges. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Brandon S. Long, Gary G. Grindler, Tiffany R. Benjamin, KING & SPALDING, LLP, Washington, D.C.; David B. Betts, Columbia, South Carolina, for Appellants. Reginald I. Lloyd, United States Attorney, Alfred W. Bethea, Assistant United States Attorney, Florence, South Carolina; Thomas E. Booth, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Washington, D.C., for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. - 2 - PER CURIAM: Francillon sentences imposed Debreus by the with and Reynold Gelin upon appeal remand in their for district the court resentencing consistent rules announced United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005), and United States v. Hughes, 401 F.3d 540, 546-60 (4th Cir. 2005). See United States v. Gelin, No. 04-4486, 2006 WL 521745 (4th Cir. Mar. 3, 2006) (unpublished); United States v. Debreus, No. 04-4517, 2005 WL 1822432 (4th Cir. Aug. 3, 2005) (unpublished). first determine the The district court was instructed to sentencing range under the appropriate guidelines and make all factual findings appropriate for that determination. The court was then instructed to consider this sentencing range along with the other factors described in 18 U.S.C.A. 3553(a) (West 2000 & Supp. 2007), and then impose a sentence. The as court the ordered court Debreus be sentenced during the to life imprisonment, had ordered initial sentencing procedure. The sentence was within the guidelines. With respect to Gelin, the court accepted an argument concerning the enhancement for Gelin's role in the offense, lowered by two levels Gelin's offense level and sentenced him to 262 months' imprisonment. Finding no error, we affirm. Debreus contends his life sentence is so severe, the evidence supporting the enhancements must be proven to a jury - 3 - beyond a reasonable doubt. Otherwise, he claims his sentence violates the Sixth and Eighth Amendments. This court will affirm a sentence if it "is within the statutorily prescribed range and is reasonable." United States v. Moreland, 437 F.3d 424, 432 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 2054 (2006). advisory A sentence that falls within the properly calculated range is entitled to a presumption of guidelines reasonableness. United States v. Johnson, 445 F.3d 339, 341 (4th Cir. 2006); see Rita v. United States, 127 S. Ct. 2456, 2462-69 (2007) (upholding application of presumption of reasonableness to within-guidelines sentence). We find there is no support for Debreus' argument. Because the sentence was based upon the properly calculated guidelines range of imprisonment and the district court was aware the guidelines were advisory and imposed sentence after considering the 3553(a) factors, we find it reasonable. Gelin argues that the enhancements to his offense level were based upon testimonial hearsay not subject to cross- examination in violation of Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36 (2004). He further claims his Fifth Amendment right to due process was violated because the hearsay did not have the indicia of reliability. In Confrontation Crawford, Clause the Supreme the Court held at that trial the of prohibits admission - 4 - testimonial statements that are not subject to cross-examination. Id. at 50-51. None of the courts to have considered the effect of Crawford post-Booker have concluded that the rule announced in Crawford applies at sentencing. See United States v. Katzopoulos, 437 F.3d 569, 576 (6th Cir. 2006) ("Though the cases may be a broad signal of the future, there is nothing specific in Blakely, Booker, or Crawford that would cause this Court to reverse its long-settled rule of law that [the] Confrontation Clause permits the admission of testimonial hearsay at sentencing proceedings."); United States v. Beydoun, 469 F.3d 102, 108 (5th Cir. 2006); United States v. Chau, 426 F.3d 1318, 1323 (11th Cir. 2005) (same); United States v. Luciano, 414 F.3d 174, 179 (1st Cir. 2005) (same); United States v. Martinez, 413 F.3d 239, 243 (2d Cir. 2005) (same). Accordingly, we find Gelin's Crawford argument without merit. With respect to Gelin's Fifth Amendment argument, the sentencing court may consider any relevant information, including hearsay evidence, provided that the information has "sufficient indicia of reliability to support its probable accuracy." See United States v. Uwaeme, 975 F.2d 1016, 1021 (4th Cir. 1992); see also U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual 6A1.3(a) (2003). We find there was no error when the court considered statements in the PSR from persons who purchased crack cocaine from Gelin. The statements were reasonably reliable. Gelin fails to show how the - 5 - statements were not reliable. Accordingly, Gelin's Fifth Amendment rights were not violated. We affirm Debreus' and Gelin's sentences. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED - 6 -

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