US v. Lindsay

Filing 920071115

Opinion

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UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 06-6831 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, versus ANDRE FRANZ LINDSAY, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, at Florence. C. Weston Houck, Senior District Judge. (4:00-cr-00603-CWH-9) Submitted: October 31, 2007 Decided: November 15, 2007 Before WILKINSON and SHEDD, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Joshua Snow Kendrick, JOSHUA Carolina, for Appellant. Attorney; Rose Mary Parham, Florence, South Carolina, for SNOW KENDRICK, PC, Columbia, South Reginald I. Lloyd, United States Assistant United States Attorney, Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. PER CURIAM: Andre Franz Lindsay appeals from the district court's order granting the Government's Fed. R. Crim. P. 35(b) motion, but imposing a zero-month departure. On appeal, Lindsay argues that the district court improperly considered his prior substantial assistance, for which a departure had already been given, when considering the Rule 35(b) motion. that this court lacks departure. The Government argues first jurisdiction to consider the extent of the Further, the Government contends that the district court erred in compelling the Government to file the Rule 35(b) motion, absent any showing of bad faith or unconstitutional motive. We affirm. "[A]ppeals from rulings on Rule 35(b) motions are governed by 18 U.S.C. 3742 [2000]. . . ." United States v. Hartwell, 448 F.3d 707, 712 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 127 S. Ct. 328 (2006). We do not have "jurisdiction to review the extent of the district court's downward departure, except in instances in which the departure decision resulted in a sentence imposed in violation of law or resulted from an incorrect application of the Guidelines." United States v. Hill, 70 F.3d 321, 324 (4th Cir. However, if a defendant "alleg[es] 1995) (emphasis in original). that his otherwise final sentence was imposed in violation of law . . . [h]e may make that claim in appealing a ruling on a Rule 35(b) motion." Hartwell, 448 F.3d at 713. Lindsay's claim that - 2 - the district court erred in considering information other than his post-sentence cooperation amounts to a claim that he was sentenced in violation of law. appeal. Turning to the merits of his appeal, Lindsay alleges that the district court erroneously considered a prior substantial assistance departure pursuant to U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual 5K1.1 (2004), and his sentence as a whole, instead of focusing only on his post-sentencing assistance. While the sentencing court may not grant a substantial assistance departure, or augment such a departure based on factors other than assistance, it may consider other factors to limit the departure. 351 F.3d 929, 932-33 (9th Cir. 2003). See United States v. Doe, As such, the district court Therefore, we have jurisdiction to hear his did not impose a sentence in violation of law by referring to factors other than Lindsay's most recent assistance to explain why it did not grant a greater departure. determinative of this appeal, we Because this conclusion is decline to address the Government's argument that it was improperly ordered to file the Rule 35 motion. Based on the foregoing, we affirm the district court's judgment. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED - 3 -

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