US v. Kelly

Filing 920061127

Opinion

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UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 06-7587 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, versus SAMUEL BENJAMIN KELLY, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at Norfolk. Rebecca Beach Smith, District Judge. (2:98-cv-00569; 2:94-cr-00163-RBS-4) Submitted: November 15, 2006 Decided: November 27, 2006 Before WIDENER, WILKINSON, and MOTZ, Circuit Judges. Dismissed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Samuel Benjamin Kelly, Appellant Pro Se. Laura P. Tayman, Assistant United States Attorney, Norfolk, Virginia, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. See Local Rule 36(c). PER CURIAM: Samuel Benjamin Kelly seeks to appeal the district court's order treating his motion to reconsider the court's denial of his Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b) motion as a successive 28 U.S.C. 2255 (2000) motion, and dismissing it on that basis. The order is not appealable unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability. 28 U.S.C. 2253(c)(1) (2000); A certificate Reid v. Angelone, 369 F.3d 363, 369 (4th Cir. 2004). of appealability will not issue absent "a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right." (2000). 28 U.S.C. 2253(c)(2) A prisoner satisfies this standard by demonstrating that jurists would find that any assessment of the reasonable constitutional claims by the district court is debatable or wrong and that any dispositive procedural ruling by the district court is likewise debatable. Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336-38 (2003); Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000); Rose v. Lee, 252 F.3d 676, 683-84 (4th Cir. 2001). We have independently reviewed the record and conclude that Kelly has not made the requisite showing. Accordingly, we deny a certificate of appealability and dismiss the appeal. Additionally, we construe Kelly's notice of appeal and informal brief as an application to file a second or successive motion under 28 U.S.C. 2255. F.3d 200, 208 (4th Cir. 2003). United States v. Winestock, 340 In order to obtain authorization to - 2 - file a successive 2255 motion, a prisoner must assert claims based on either: (1) a new rule of constitutional law, previously unavailable, made retroactive by the Supreme Court to cases on collateral review; or (2) newly discovered evidence, not previously discoverable establish by by due diligence, and that would be sufficient that, but to for clear convincing evidence constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the movant guilty of the offense. (2000). 28 U.S.C. 2244(b)(2), 2255 Kelly's claims do not satisfy either of these criteria. Therefore, we deny authorization to file a successive 2255 motion. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. DISMISSED - 3 -

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