Domingas Tombuela v. Michael Mukasey
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
DOMINGAS TOMBUELA, Petitioner, versus MICHAEL B. MUKASEY, Attorney General, Respondent.
On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. (A79-344-747)
November 30, 2007
January 8, 2008
Before NIEMEYER and KING, Circuit Judges, and WILKINS, Senior Circuit Judge.
Petition denied by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Ana T. Jacobs, ANA T. JACOBS & ASSOCIATES, P.C., Washington, D.C., for Petitioner. Peter D. Keisler, Assistant Attorney General, M. Jocelyn Lopez Wright, Assistant Director, Song E. Park, Office of Immigration Litigation, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Washington, D.C., for Respondent.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Domingas Mario Tombuela, a native and citizen of Angola, petitions for review of an order of the Board of Immigration Appeals ("Board") denying her applications for asylum, withholding from removal and withholding under the Convention Against Torture ("CAT"). Tombuela claims substantial evidence does not support the Board's decision denying withholding from removal or withholding under the CAT.* She further claims the Board failed to consider
relevant evidence, resulting in the denial of due process. We deny the petition for review. To be eligible for withholding of removal, an alien must show a clear probability that her "life or freedom would be threatened" on a protected ground if she were to be removed to her native country. 8 U.S.C. § 1231(b)(3)(A) (2000); see Camara v.
Ashcroft, 378 F.3d 361, 370 (4th Cir. 2004). A "clear probability" means it is more likely than not that the alien would be subject to persecution. INS v. Stevic, 467 U.S. 407, 429-30 (1984). "The
burden of proof is on the applicant for withholding of removal . . . to establish that his or her life or freedom would be threatened in the proposed country of removal on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion." 8 C.F.R. § 1208.16(b) (2007). A showing of
Tombuela does not challenge the Board's decision that her asylum application was untimely. - 2 -
such a threat in the past creates a rebuttable presumption that the threat would recur upon removal. Camara, 378 F.3d at 370. 8 C.F.R. § 1208.16(b)(1)(I);
Withholding of removal is mandatory if
the alien satisfies the standard of proof. INS v. Aguirre-Aguirre, 526 U.S. 415, 419 (1999). Factual findings by the Board or the
immigration judge "are conclusive unless any reasonable adjudicator would be compelled to conclude to the contrary." 8 U.S.C.
§ 1252(b)(4)(B) (2000).
The Board's decision denying withholding
of removal is conclusive if supported by substantial evidence on the record considered as a whole. 478, 481 (1992). We find the Board's decision is supported by substantial evidence. We further find the record does not compel a different INS v. Elias-Zacarias, 502 U.S.
result with respect to the Board's finding that Tombuela failed to show past persecution based on a protected ground. her due process challenge is without merit. In addition, we are precluded from reviewing her We also find
challenge to the denial of relief under the CAT because she did not raise this claim on appeal to the Board. F.3d 264, 267 n.3 (4th Cir. 2004). Asika v. Ashcroft, 362
We further find Tombuela's
claim that she was entitled to humanitarian relief even if she failed to show that it is likely she will be a victim of
persecution is without merit. (7th Cir. 1997).
See Bucur v. INS, 109 F.3d 399, 405
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dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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