Diane Pafe v. Michael Mukasey
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
DIANE WAMENYI PAFE, Petitioner, v. MICHAEL B. MUKASEY, Attorney General, Respondent.
On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. (A98-730-167)
April 23, 2008
May 13, 2008
Before MICHAEL, MOTZ, and TRAXLER, Circuit Judges.
Petition denied by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Edward Neufville, III, THE MORAIS NEUFVILLE LAW FIRM, LLC, Silver Spring, Maryland, for Petitioner. Jeffrey S. Bucholtz, Acting Assistant Attorney General, Anthony W. Norwood, Senior Litigation Counsel, Shahrzad Baghai, Office of Immigration Litigation, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Washington, D.C., for Respondent.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Diane Wamenyi Pafe, a native and citizen of Cameroon, petitions for review of an order of the Board of Immigration Appeals ("Board") dismissing her appeal from the immigration
judge's order finding her removable and denying her applications for asylum, withholding from removal, and withholding under the Convention Against Torture ("CAT"). adverse credibility finding.* Pafe challenges the Board's
We deny the petition for review.
The Immigration and Naturalization Act ("INA") authorizes the Attorney General to confer asylum on any refugee. § 1158(a) (2000). 8 U.S.C.
The INA defines a "refugee" as a person
unwilling or unable to return to his native country "because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion." 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(42)(A) (2000).
An applicant can establish refugee status based on past persecution in his native country on account of a protected ground. § 1208.13(b)(1) (2007). alien can establish a 8 C.F.R.
Without regard to past persecution, an well-founded fear of persecution on a
Although Pafe makes passing reference to it in her brief, she does not present any substantive argument challenging the Board's affirmance of the immigration judge's denial of withholding of removal or protection under the CAT. Accordingly, those claims have been abandoned. See Edwards v. City of Goldsboro, 178 F.3d 231, 241 n.6 (4th Cir. 1999). - 2 -
protected ground. Cir. 2004). An
Ngarurih v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 182, 187 (4th
eligibility for asylum.
8 C.F.R. § 1208.13(a) (2007); GandziamiA
Mickhou v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 351, 353 (4th Cir. 2006).
determination regarding eligibility for asylum is affirmed if supported by substantial evidence on the record considered as a whole. INS v. Elias-Zacarias, 502 U.S. 478, 481 (1992). This
court will reverse the Board "only if the evidence presented by the petitioner was so compelling that no reasonable factfinder could fail to find the requisite fear of persecution." Rusu v. INS, 296
F.3d 316, 325 n.14 (4th Cir. 2002) (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). We find sufficient evidence supports the Board's adverse credibility finding and the record does not compel a different result. Therefore, we will not disturb the Board's denial of
Pafe's application for asylum. Accordingly, we deny the petition for review. We
dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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