US v. Darrius Davis

Filing 920080806


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UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 07-4467 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. DARRIUS TREVON DAVIS, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina, at New Bern. Terrence W. Boyle, District Judge. (4:06-cr-00060-BO) Submitted: June 17, 2008 Decided: August 6, 2008 Before MOTZ and GREGORY, Circuit Judges, and WILKINS, Senior Circuit Judge. Affirmed in part, vacated in part, and remanded by unpublished per curiam opinion. Thomas P. McNamara, Federal Public Defender, G. Alan DuBois, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellant. George E. B. Holding, United States Attorney, Anne M. Hayes, Banumathi Rangarajan, Assistant United States Attorneys, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. PER CURIAM: Darrius Trevon Davis appeals his 211-month prison sentence following his guilty plea to distribution of cocaine base, in violation of 21 U.S.C. 841(a)(1) (2000); possession with intent to distribute more than five grams of cocaine base, in violation of 841(a)(1); possession with intent to distribute marijuana, in violation of 841(a)(1); and distribution of more than fifty grams of cocaine base, in violation of 841(a)(1). We affirm Davis' convictions, but vacate his sentence and remand for resentencing. Davis objected to his sentence on the basis that the one hundred--to--one sentencing disparity between cocaine base and powder cocaine in 841 violated his constitutional rights. While the Sentencing Commission has recently amended the federal sentencing Guidelines to reduce the disparity between cocaine base and powder cocaine in the Guidelines, see U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual 2D1.1 (2007) (Amendment 706); USSG 1B1.10(c) (Mar. 3, 2008), the statute has not been amended. The Supreme Court, in Kimbrough v. United States, 128 S. Ct. 558, 575 (2007), held that under the advisory Guidelines, the sentencing court may conclude in a particular case that a sentence based on the one hundred--to--one disparity is too great, and may consequently impose a variance sentence below the Guideline. find 841's penalty Notably, however, the Court did not unconstitutional. We have provisions - 2 - repeatedly rejected challenges to the constitutionality of 841. See, e.g., United States v. Fisher, 58 F.3d 96, 99-100 (4th Cir. 1995); United States v. D'Anjou, 16 F.3d 604, 612 (4th Cir. 1994). Thus, the district court did not violate Davis' constitutional rights when it sentenced him under 841. Next, Davis challenges the reasonableness of his sentence. The district court did not have the benefit of Kimbrough when it determined Davis' sentence. To give the district court the opportunity to reconsider the sentence in light of Kimbrough, we conclude that resentencing is appropriate.* We therefore vacate the sentence imposed by the district court and remand for resentencing. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED IN PART, VACATED IN PART, AND REMANDED We offer no criticism of the district court, which properly applied the relevant law at the time of sentencing. We express no view of the sentence to be imposed on Davis on remand, leaving that to the sound discretion of the district court. - 3 - *

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