US v. Towana L. Scott
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. TOWANA LAVONE SCOTT, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina, at Durham. William L. Osteen, Senior District Judge. (1:07-cr-00086-WLO)
March 20, 2009
April 9, 2009
Before WILKINSON, NIEMEYER, and MOTZ, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Randolph M. Lee, LAW OFFICES OF RANDOLPH M. LEE, Charlotte, North Carolina, for Appellant. David P. Folmar, Jr., Angela Hewlett Miller, Assistant United States Attorneys, Greensboro, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Towana Lavone Scott pled guilty pursuant to a plea agreement to distribution of crack cocaine in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1), (b)(1)(B) (2006). She received a sentence
of 262 months' imprisonment, followed by eight years' supervised release. Scott's appellate counsel has filed a brief pursuant
to Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), stating that there are no meritorious issues for appeal, but arguing that Scott's sentence should be vacated and remanded for resentencing based on Amendment 706, which lowered the offense levels for drug
offenses involving crack cocaine.
U.S. Sentencing Guidelines
Manual ("USSG") § 2D1.1(c) (2007 & Supp. 2008); USSG App. C Amend. 706. Additionally, Scott filed a pro se supplemental
brief, arguing that the district court failed to establish that a factual basis existed for her guilty plea and failed to inform her of her constitutional rights, and that the medication she was taking at the time of sentencing rendered her plea
We affirm. find that the district court complied with the
requirements of Fed. R. Crim. P. 11 when it accepted Scott's guilty plea, ensuring that the plea was knowing and voluntary, that Scott understood the rights she was giving up by pleading guilty and the sentence she faced, and that she committed the offense to which she was pleading guilty. 2 See Fed. R. Crim. P.
Though the district court did not specifically refer to
the factual basis of the plea, its adoption of the presentence report, which explicitly detailed the offense conduct, was
sufficient to establish a factual basis for Scott's guilty plea. See United States v. Martinez, 277 F.3d 517, 531-32 (4th Cir. 2002) (finding factual basis for plea where court had adopted presentence report containing facts supporting charged offenses) We review Scott's sentence for reasonableness under a deferential abuse of discretion standard. Gall v. United
States, 128 S. Ct. 586, 591 (2007). within a properly calculated
We may presume a sentence range is reasonable. As
United States v. Pauley, 511 F.3d 468, 473 (4th Cir. 2007). the district court correctly calculated Scott's
guideline range, adequately considered the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) (2006) factors, and sentenced range, we Scott find at the low end of to the be
reasonable. Scott contends that because she was sentenced prior to enactment of Amendment 706 to the guidelines, which lowered the offense levels for drug offenses involving crack cocaine, she is eligible to benefit from the retroactive application of the
See USSG App. C Amend. 706.
However, as Scott
failed to raise this issue before the district court, it is not properly before us on appeal. See United States v. Brewer, 520 3
F.3d 367, 373 (4th Cir. 2008) ("It is, however, for the district court to first assess whether and to what extent [a] sentence may be . . . affected [by Amendment 706]."). Accordingly, we
decline to address this issue, "without prejudice to [Scott's] right to pursue such relief in the sentencing court." Id.
(footnote omitted). After reviewing the remaining arguments raised in
Scott's pro se supplemental brief, we find them to be without merit. in this In accordance with Anders, we have reviewed the record case and found no meritorious issues for appeal.
Accordingly, we affirm Scott's conviction and sentence. This writing, of court requires to that counsel the inform Scott, of in the
United States for further review.
If Scott requests that a
petition be filed, but counsel believes such a petition would be frivolous, then counsel may move in this court for leave to withdraw from representation. Counsel's motion must state that We dispense with oral
a copy thereof was served on Scott.
argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?