US v. J. Espinosa-Martinez
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. JUAN ESPINOSA-MARTINEZ, Defendant Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina, at New Bern. Louise W. Flanagan, Chief District Judge. (7:07-cr-00021-FL)
March 26, 2009
April 22, 2009
Before WILKINSON, MOTZ, and KING, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Thomas P. McNamara, Federal Public Defender, Stephen C. Gordon, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellant. George E. B. Holding, United States Attorney, Anne M. Hayes, Banumathi Rangarajan, Assistant United States Attorneys, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Juan Espinosa-Martinez pled guilty without a plea
agreement to illegal reentry by a deported aggravated felon, in violation appeals of his 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a)(2), sentence, (b)(2) (2006). that He it now is
118-month We affirm.
I Espinosa-Martinez's U.S. Sentencing Guidelines base Manual offense § 2L1.2 level was 8. See
levels were added because he previously was deported following a conviction for a felony drug trafficking offense for which he was sentenced to more than thirteen months in prison. § 2L1.2(b)(1)(A)(i). See USSG
He received a three-level reduction for See USSG § 3E1.1(b). His total
acceptance of responsibility. offense level therefore was 21. Espinosa-Martinez's
thirty-five criminal history points.
Of these, only twenty-one
points were counted for the purpose of establishing his criminal history category because USSG § 4A1.1(c) precluded the counting of all points assigned to sentences of short duration. Two
points were added because he was on probation at the time he committed the instant offense. See USSG § 4A1.1(d). One point
was added because he committed the subject offense less than two 2
years following his release from custody.
See USSG § 4A1.1(e).
He had twenty-four total criminal history points, placing him in criminal history category VI (thirteen or more criminal history points). His prison. ground advisory Guidelines range was 77-96 months in
The United States moved for an upward departure on the that Espinosa-Martinez's criminal history category
inadequately represented his criminal history and the likelihood that he would commit other crimes. with the United States and granted The district court agreed the motion. Using the
incremental approach, see United States v. Dalton, 477 F.3d 195, 199 (4th Cir. 2007), the court departed upward to offense level 24, for an advisory Guidelines range of 100-125 months. After hearing from counsel and Espinosa-Martinez and considering the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) (2006) factors, the court sentenced him to 118 months in prison. In imposing sentence, the court took note of his twenty-five year criminal history, which included two previous federal convictions and two deportations, as well as the number of criminal history points, both counted and uncounted. The court expressed the need to protect the
public from further criminal activity.
II We review a sentence for reasonableness, using the
deferential abuse of discretion standard. States, 128 S. Ct. 586, 597 (2007).
See Gall v. United
We first consider whether
the district court committed any significant procedural errors. United States v. Evans, 526 F.3d 155, 162 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 129 S. Ct. 476 (2008). substantive reasonableness of If not, we then consider the the sentence, "tak[ing] into
account the totality of the circumstances, including the extent of any variance from the Guidelines range." 597. range Gall, 128 S. Ct. at
While we may presume a sentence within the Guidelines to be reasonable, we may not presume that a sentence
outside that range is unreasonable. due deference to the district
Moreover, we must give decision that the
§ 3553(a) factors justify imposing a variant sentence and its determination regarding the extent of any variance. Id.
The district court may depart upward from an advisory Guidelines range "[i]f reliable information indicates that the defendant's criminal history category substantially under-
represents the seriousness of the defendant's criminal history or the likelihood that the defendant will commit other crimes. . . . " § 4A1.3 USSG § 4A1.3(a). is warranted, In deciding whether a departure under the sentencing court may consider
uncounted prior sentences, USSG § 4A1.3(a)(2), as well as parole 4
and probation violations, United States v. Lawrence, 349 F.3d 724, 728 (4th Cir. 2003). We reasonable. conclude that Espinosa-Martinez's sentence is
In this regard, we note that the district court
properly calculated the Guidelines range, treated the Guidelines as advisory, considered the applicable § 3553(a) factors, and adequately explained its reasons for the fact and extent of the departure. See Gall, 128 S. Ct. at 597; United States v.
Pauley, 511 F.3d 468, 473 (4th Cir. 2007).
III We therefore affirm. * We dispense with oral argument
because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED
To the extent that Espinosa-Martinez contends that his criminal history was impermissibly double-counted, we reject this claim. See United States v. Torres-Echavarria, 129 F.3d 692, 698-99 (2d Cir. 1997); United States v. Crawford, 18 F.3d 1173, 1179 (4th Cir. 1994).
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