Thomas Sherwood, Sr. v. State of Maryland
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
THOMAS S. SHERWOOD, SR., in his individual capacity, and as father and Personal Representative of the Estate of Thomas S. Sherwood, Jr., the deceased; BEVERLY ANNE SHERWOOD, in her individual capacity and as mother of Thomas S. Sherwood, Jr., the deceased, Plaintiffs - Appellants, v. STATE OF MARYLAND; MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES; HUBERT F. BROHAWN, a Police Officer for the State of Maryland Department of Natural Resources, and in his individual capacity, Defendants - Appellees.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Maryland, at Baltimore. Andre M. Davis, District Judge. (1:07-cv-01331-AMD)
September 22, 2009
November 4, 2009
Before AGEE, Circuit Judge, HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge, and Margaret B. SEYMOUR, United States District Judge for the District of South Carolina, sitting by designation.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
ARGUED: Mark Robert Millstein, Baltimore, Maryland; David Michael Silbiger, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellants. Paul J. Cucuzzella, OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF MARYLAND,
Annapolis, Maryland, for Appellees. ON BRIEF: Douglas F. Gansler, Attorney General of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellees.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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PER CURIAM: Following the deadly shooting of their son, Thomas
Sherwood, Jr. (Sherwood), by Hubert Brohawn (Officer Brohawn), a law enforcement officer with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources (the DNR), Thomas (Sr.) and Beverly Sherwood (the
Sherwoods) brought this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and Maryland Maryland, state and law the against DNR. The Officer Brohawn, court the State of
judgment to Officer Brohawn on the only viable federal claim, the § 1983 excessive force claim against Officer Brohawn, and declined to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the state law claims, dismissing them without prejudice. appeal, and we affirm. The Sherwoods
I Shortly before 11:00 a.m. on July 31, 2006, Officer Brohawn observed Maryland. Sherwood driving a motor vehicle near Bellevue,
From his past contacts with Sherwood, Officer Brohawn
suspected that Sherwood was driving with a suspended license, and Officer Brohawn so confirmed through phone calls to the
Talbot County Sheriff's Office and the DNR Police Communications Center. As Officer Brohawn was traveling in the opposite direction of Sherwood, Officer Brohawn had difficulty effectuating a
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traffic stop. locations, Sherwood.
After parking his vehicle in several roadside Brohawn was unsuccessful in locating
As a result, Officer Brohawn proceeded to the wharf
where he knew Sherwood lived. Officer Brohawn arrived at the wharf and proceeded down the dock toward Sherwood's boat. As Officer Brohawn approached,
Sherwood exited the boat's cabin with a beer can in his hand, stepped onto the dock, and walked toward Officer Brohawn.
Officer Brohawn told Sherwood he was taking him to the Maryland District Court Commissioner, but Sherwood responded that he was not going anywhere, and walked away from Officer Brohawn and back onto his boat. Sherwood promptly untied two lines from the boat's stern cleats, put the boat in gear, started to move the boat forward from the dock, looked at Officer Brohawn, and spoke in a
sarcastic tone, "now what are you going to do?"
Officer Brohawn, who was then standing near the edge of the dock from where Sherwood had pulled the boat away, informed Sherwood that he intended to "just come . . . get you." As Sherwood's boat was pulling forward (J.A. 987). from the dock,
Officer Brohawn picked up the boat's starboard stern line and then the port stern line, which were both lying in the water from having been untied and released by Sherwood from the boat's stern cleats, and placed the lines upon the dock. - 4 In response,
controls to the rear exterior of the boat's cabin, where he grabbed a tire jack (which weighed about six pounds), which was then leaning against the exterior wall of the cabin. With tire jack in hand and the boat in reverse, Sherwood walked back towards the starboard stern of the boat and exited the boat onto the dock, leaving the running boat pinned up
against the dock.
Sherwood, who had a history of threatening
police officers with weapons, then made a couple "quick, like running steps" in Officer Brohawn's direction, (J.A. 1008-09), took another skip step, said to Officer Brohawn, "you goddamn mother f***er. . . . I'm tired of your sh**," (J.A. 1011), and
then slid his hands down the shaft of the tire jack and placed his hands together as he prepared to swing the tire jack. From a position of about eight feet in front of Officer Brohawn, the left-handed Sherwood took a left-handed baseball batter's swing at Officer Brohawn with the tire jack level with Officer Brohawn's head, and then an immediate back swing in the reverse direction. During the first swing, the end of the tire
jack, which had attached to it the tire jack's steel ratchet mechanism, passed in front of Officer Brohawn's head. the back swing, Officer Brohawn, who had retreated During slightly
between the two swings, ducked as the end of the tire jack passed directly over his exposed head. - 5 Officer Brohawn, who
attempted unsuccessfully during the swings of the tire jack to grab with his left hand his pepper spray, recalls that at the instant of the back swing he was afraid that he "was going to feel [the tire jack] crushing down on [him]." (J.A. 1039).
Following the back swing, Officer Brohawn immediately told Sherwood weapon, Sherwood to drop the his tire arms to jack. towards drop the He then drew and his service
extended a second
instructed Instead of
dropping the tire jack, Sherwood attempted to swing the tire jack a third time. As Sherwood his from attempted three three the third in swing, rapid
Sherwood's body as Sherwood rotated in a clockwise position in front of Officer Brohawn, much like a left-handed batter might rotate as he executes a baseball swing. gunshot wounds, Sherwood died. time of his death was .11. The Sherwoods brought this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and Maryland state law against Officer Brohawn, the State of Maryland, and the DNR. The district court granted summary As a result of these
His blood alcohol level at the
judgment to Officer Brohawn on the only viable federal claim, the § 1983 excessive force claim against Officer Brohawn, and
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declined to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the state law claims, dismissing the state law claims without prejudice. 1
II The Sherwoods maintain that the district court erred in granting summary judgment to Officer Brohawn, contending that the evidence in the record could support a finding that Officer Brohawn used excessive force in shooting Sherwood. Having had
the benefit of oral argument and the parties' briefs, and after careful conclude consideration that the of the record court and applicable law, we
Officer Brohawn did not use excessive force in shooting Sherwood as a matter of law. the district court. Accordingly, we affirm on the reasoning of See Sherwood v. State of Maryland, Civil
No. 07-1331 (D. Md. April 7, 2008). 2 AFFIRMED
The § 1983 claims against the State of Maryland and the DNR were dismissed on Eleventh Amendment immunity grounds, and the Sherwoods understandably do not challenge this ruling on appeal. The Sherwoods also contend that, with regard to their § 1983 claim against Officer Brohawn, they are entitled to a presumption, based on the spoliation of evidence, that Officer Brohawn was intoxicated and/or under the influence of a mind altering substance at the time of the shooting. This contention lacks merit for the simple reason that Officer Brohawn had nothing to do with the alleged spoliation.
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