Lincoln Financial Media Compan v. CBS Broadcasting, Incorporated
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
LINCOLN FINANCIAL MEDIA COMPANY, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. CBS BROADCASTING, INCORPORATED, f/k/a CBS, Incorporated, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Charlotte. Martin K. Reidinger, District Judge. (3:07-cv-00062-MR-CH)
January 28, 2009
March 10, 2009
Before WILLIAMS, Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
ARGUED: G. Scott Humphrey, OGLETREE, DEAKINS, NASH, SMOAK & STEWART, P.C., Charlotte, North Carolina, for Appellant. Daniel R. Taylor, Jr., KILPATRICK & STOCKTON, L.L.P., Winston-Salem, North Carolina, for Appellee. ON BRIEF: Susan H. Boyles, Bradley A. Roehrenbeck, KILPATRICK & STOCKTON, L.L.P., WinstonSalem, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: In 1996, CBS Broadcasting Incorporated ("CBS") entered into Affiliation Company provided Agreements with Jefferson-Pilot The Communications Agreements to two
("Jefferson-Pilot"). that CBS would supply
The parties also executed a Letter
Agreement in which CBS agreed to provide an annual promotional payment of $400,000 to Jefferson-Pilot. In 2005, Jefferson-
Pilot's parent corporation, Jefferson-Pilot Corporation, entered into After a merger agreement was with Lincoln by the National Federal Corporation. Communications
Commission ("FCC"), Jefferson-Pilot changed its name to Lincoln Financial Media Company ("Lincoln Financial"). Following the
merger, CBS ceased making the $400,000 promotional payment, and Lincoln action Financial in the responded States by filing a declaratory for the judgment Western
District of North Carolina, alleging that the Letter Agreement remained binding between the two parties. Following cross-
motions for summary judgment, the district court granted Lincoln Financial's motion, concluding that the Letter Agreement
remained binding on CBS.
The district court accordingly issued
a declaratory judgment to that effect and ordered CBS to pay $800,000 in past promotional payments plus prejudgment interest.
CBS noted a timely appeal and, for the following reasons, we affirm the well-reasoned opinion of the district court.
I. On April of 23, radio 1996, and CBS, one of the nation's largest into the
operators Affiliation Affiliation programming
television with CBS
Agreements Agreements, for two
Jefferson-Pilot. agreed to provide WBTV,
out of Charlotte, North Carolina, and WCSC-TV, operating out of Charleston, South Carolina, for a period of fifteen years. As
part of the Affiliation Agreements, CBS agreed to make monthly payments to Jefferson-Pilot and Jefferson-Pilot agreed to
"notify CBS forthwith if any application is made to the Federal Communications Commission relating to a transfer of control of Broadcaster or the transfer of Broadcaster's license for [the] Affiliated Station." (J.A. at 94.) Section 3(b) of the
Affiliation Agreements further provided that if CBS "reasonably disapprove[d]" of the transfer, it "shall have the right to
terminate" the Agreements.
(J.A. at 94.)
On that same date, CBS and Jefferson-Pilot entered into the Letter Agreement which serves as the impetus for the current litigation. In relevant part, the Letter Agreement provides:
CBS will make a promotional contribution to JeffersonPilot of . . . $400,000 in each of Years 2-15, to be allocated between WBTV and WCSC as directed by Jefferson-Pilot . . . CBS will include such amount in a lump sum payment allocated between the stations as directed by Jefferson-Pilot in the following month's compensation checks, as separately itemized entries. This paragraph shall be of no further force and effect in the event that Jefferson-Pilot assigns or transfers any interest in either Station. (J.A. at 209) (emphasis added). defines Company". "Jefferson-Pilot" (J.A. at 205.) as The Letter Agreement further Communications
Pursuant to this Letter Agreement, CBS made the $400,000 promotional payment from 1996 a to 2002. In March 2002,
Jefferson-Pilot Communications/WBTV, Inc., and notified CBS of its intention as to well transfer as the the broadcast license for to WBTV this in new
CBS sent Jefferson-Pilot a letter dated April 10,
2002, noting that although "[c]onsent from CBS is not required for this pro forma transfer," CBS did not object to the
(J.A. at 20)
The FCC approved Jefferson-Pilot's
request to transfer the broadcast license on August 22, 2002, and Jefferson-Pilot completed this business transaction on
January 1, 2003.
CBS thereafter continued to make the $400,000
promotional payment for the years 2003, 2004, and 2005.
In October 2005, Jefferson-Pilot Corporation entered into a merger agreement with Lincoln National Corporation. planned merger, Jefferson-Pilot Communications/WBTV, Under the Inc. and
WCSC, Inc., retained the 100% ownership interests and broadcast licenses for their respective stations. retained its 100% stake in both would of And, Jefferson-Pilot those subsidiaries. its ownership
interest in Jefferson-Pilot to a holding company, "Merger Sub," which was later named Lincoln JP Holdings, LP. Lincoln National
Corporation held a 99.9% interest in Lincoln JP Holdings LP as a limited partner; a wholly-owned subsidiary of Lincoln National Corporation, Lincoln JP Company, LLC, held the remaining 0.1% interest. 1 On December 14, 2005, Jefferson-Pilot, pursuant to Section 3(b) of the Affiliation Agreements, notified CBS of the
In February 2006, CBS informed Jefferson-
Pilot Communications/WBTV, Inc. and WCSC, Inc., that CBS "has not objected to the planned change in control and has no issues with the merger proceeding as planned." (J.A. at 25.)
The merger closed on April 3, 2006, and Jefferson-Pilot Corporation became Lincoln JP Holdings, LP and transferred its Both Lincoln JP Holdings, LP and Lincoln JP Company, LLC, were ultimately absorbed into Lincoln National Corporation in March 2007.
indirect control of the licenses for WBTV and WCSC to Lincoln National. Lincoln JP Jefferson-Pilot Holdings, LP, likewise but became to a subsidiary its of 100%
interest in the stations.
Inc., and WCSC, Inc., retained their interests in the television stations and continued operating them. respect assets. Lincoln to Jefferson-Pilot's Jefferson-Pilot Financial. business No change occurred with location, change officers, its name or to
Communications/WBTV, Inc. likewise changed its name, settling on WBTV, Inc. After Lincoln Financial requested the $400,000 promotional payment for 2006, CBS responded, by letter dated January 4,
2007, that it was refusing to make the payment. CBS, the merger agreement resulted in the
According to of "any
interest" in the stations and permitted CBS, under the Letter Agreement, declined to to terminate the the promotional payment in arrangement. 2007 as well, CBS and
Lincoln Financial responded by filing an action against CBS in the Western a District of North Carolina that on the February Letter 6, 2007,
$400,000 promotional payment in 2006 and 2007. 2 The parties agreed to file cross-motions for summary
judgment without discovery in July 2007. district court granted summary judgment
On March 3, 2008, the in favor of Lincoln
Financial, concluding that the merger agreement did not result in the transfer of any interest in either WBTV or WCSC and, accordingly, that the Letter Agreement remained binding. 3 district court also awarded Lincoln Financial $800,000 The plus
prejudgment interest for the 2006 and 2007 promotional payments. CBS filed a timely appeal, and we possess jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C.A. § 1291 (West 2006).
Jurisdiction was proper under 28 U.S.C.A. § 1332 (West 2006): CBS is a New York corporation with its principal place of business in New York; Lincoln National Corporation is an Indiana corporation with its principal place of business in Pennsylvania; and Lincoln Financial is a North Carolina corporation with its principal place of business in North Carolina. The amount in controversy exceeded $75,000. The parties disputed which state's law applied in interpreting the Letter Agreement, with CBS asserting that New York law applied and Lincoln Financial asserting North Carolina law applied. The parties did agree, however, that there was "no substantive difference" between New York and North Carolina law, and the district court declined to resolve the choice of law dispute. (J.A. at 600.)
II. We review de novo a district court's grant of summary
judgment. 496 F.3d
Wilmington Shipping Co. v. New England Life Ins. Co., 326, "if 331 the (4th Cir. 2007). the Summary judgment is
materials on file, and any affidavits show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. P.
56(c); see also Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322 (1986). The Letter Agreement provided, in relevant part, that CBS's obligation further assigns to make and the promotional in the payment event in "shall be of no
Jefferson-Pilot Station." In
concluding that the Letter Agreement remained binding upon CBS, the district court summarized the case as follows: Boiled to their essence, the facts are that [Jefferson-Pilot] was once a subsidiary of [JeffersonPilot Corporation]. When [Jefferson-Pilot Corporation] was purchased by Lincoln National, [Jefferson-Pilot] became a subsidiary of Lincoln National. [Jefferson-Pilot's] name was then changed . . . to Lincoln Financial. As a result of the merger, [Jefferson-Pilot Corporation] transferred everything it owned. [Jefferson-Pilot], however, neither transferred nor assigned anything as a result of the merger; it simply changed its name. (J.A. at 606.)
Thus, the district court correctly found that "[JeffersonPilot] did not assign or transfer any of its interests in [WCSC or WBTV] as a result of the merger." (J.A. at 607.)
Perhaps recognizing that this argument is foreclosed by the factual record, CBS alternatively contends that the change in ownership of Jefferson-Pilot terminated the Letter Agreement's promotional payment. Jefferson-Pilot's CBS is correct that the merger changed from Jefferson-Pilot Corporation to
Lincoln National Corporation. Letter Agreement provides that
But the plain language of the the promotional payments only
terminate if Jefferson-Pilot itself (not its corporate parent) "assigns or transfer any interest in either station." 209.) (J.A. at
CBS could have written the contract more broadly, but it Because the contractual language is unambiguous, we
cannot accept CBS's invitation to consider extrinsic evidence of the parties' intent. Greenfield v. Philles Records, Inc., 780
N.E.2d 166, 170-71 (N.Y. 2002); Walton v. City of Raleigh, 467 S.E.2d 410, 411 (N.C. 1996). find CBS's "common sense" But even if we were to do so, we unconvincing. CBS had a
Pilot Corporation and CBS designed the promotional payments to maintain this partnership. merger. That relationship did survive the
Accordingly, we conclude that the district court correctly granted Lincoln Financial's motion for summary judgment. AFFIRMED
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