Solomon Tesfagaber v. Eric Holder, Jr.
Vacated by Supreme Court, April 27, 2009
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
SOLOMON DEBESSAY TESFAGABER, Petitioner, v. ERIC H. HOLDER, JR., Attorney General, Respondent.
On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals.
March 25, 2009
April 23, 2009
Before MICHAEL, GREGORY, and SHEDD, Circuit Judges.
Petition denied by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Laura Tuell Parcher, Christian G. Vergonis, Juliet Johnson Karastelev, JONES DAY, Washington, D.C., for Petitioner. Michael F. Hertz, Acting Assistant Attorney General, Linda Wernery, Assistant Director, Scott Rempell, Office of Immigration Litigation, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Washington, D.C., for Respondent.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Solomon Debessay Tesfagaber, a native and citizen of Ethiopia, petitions Appeals for review of an order his of the Board from of the
immigration judge's order denying his motion to reopen and to rescind the in absentia removal order. review. We review the denial of a motion to reopen for abuse of discretion. 8 C.F.R. § 1003.23(b)(1)(iv) (2008); INS v. We deny the petition for
Doherty, 502 U.S. 314, 323-24 (1992); Barry v. Gonzales, 445 F.3d 741, 744 (4th Cir. 2006). must be reviewed do not with extreme A denial of a motion to reopen deference, reopening since the immigration applicable
regulations disfavor such motions. 308 (4th Cir. 1990) (en banc).
M.A. v. INS, 899 F.2d 304, This court will reverse the
denial of a motion to reopen only if the denial is "arbitrary, capricious, or contrary to law." Barry, 445 F.3d at 745. When,
as here, the Board affirmed the immigration judge's decision to deny the motion to reopen, the court reviews that decision and the immigration judge's decision to the extent the Board relied upon it. 2007). A removal order issued in absentia may be rescinded "upon a motion to reopen filed within 180 days after the date of 2 Niang v. Gonzales, 492 F.3d 505, 511 n.8 (4th Cir.
the order of removal if the alien demonstrates that the failure to appear was because of exceptional circumstances (as defined in subsection (e)(1) of this section)." See 8 U.S.C.
Section 1229a(e)(1) provides that: circumstances" refers to (such as battery or extreme any child or parent of the of the alien, or serious spouse, child, or parent of including less compelling control of the alien.
The term "exceptional exceptional circumstances cruelty to the alien or alien, serious illness illness or death of the the alien, but not circumstances) beyond the
It is uncontested that Tesfagaber did not file the motion to reopen within 180 days. Insofar as he argues that the
time period is subject to equitable tolling, this is not an issue he raised before the Board and is not properly before this court because it was not exhausted. 538, 544 (4th Cir. 1999). Gonahasa v. INS, 181 F.3d
Even if he had exhausted the argument
before the Board, he did not argue that he was diligent in his efforts to keep current with his immigration proceedings after the Board remanded the action to the immigration judge. See,
e.g., Barry v. Mukasey, 524 F.3d 721, 724-25 (6th Cir. 2008) (describing factors to consider when determining whether
equitable tolling is appropriate). An in absentia removal order may be rescinded at any time "if the alien demonstrates that the alien did not receive notice" of the hearing either by service in person or by mail, except that if the notice specified a new time and date for the 3
hearing, written notice is not required if the alien failed to provide a current mailing address. 8 U.S.C.
§ 1229a(b)(5)(C)(ii). immigration court
However, Tesfagaber failed to keep the with his mailing address. See
Dominguez v. U.S. Atty Gen., 284 F.3d 1258, 1260-61 & n.4 (11th Cir. 2002) (holding that an alien who does not actually receive
notice due to a failure to provide a current mailing address cannot demonstrate that he did not receive notice in accordance with paragraph (1) or (2) of § 1229(a) because § 1229a(b)(5)(B) states that "[n]o written notice shall be required . . . if the alien has failed to provide the address required under section 1229(a)(1)(F) of this title.") (emphasis added); see also GomezPalacios v. Holder, __ F.3d __, __, 2009 WL 388943, *4 (5th Cir. 2009) ([I]f the alien's failure to receive notice is "due to his neglect of his obligation to keep the immigration court apprised of his current mailing address [it] does not mean that the alien did not receive notice.") (emphasis added); Sabir v. Gonzales, 421 F.3d 456, 459 (7th Cir. 2005) ("[A]n alien should not be able to make himself unreachable, and then later ask to have his case reopened because he did not receive notice."). Thus,
because it was shown that the notice was sent to his last known address and Tesfagaber did not notify the immigration court of a current address at which he could be contacted, he cannot now seek rescission of the removal 4 order based on not receiving
Thus, we find the Board did not abuse its discretion in
affirming the immigration judge's denial of Tesfagaber's motion to reopen. Nor do we find Tesfagaber was denied due process.
See, e.g, Rusu v. INS, 296 F.3d 316, 321-22 (4th Cir. 2002) (the fundamental requirement of due process is the opportunity to be heard at a meaningful was time and manner) with his the (emphasis opportunity to added). to be the
Tesfagaber which he
provided due to
immigration court informed of a current mailing address. Insofar as Tesfagaber claims he is entitled to relief under the Convention Against Torture ("CAT"), because he was found removable for having committed an aggravated felony, we do not have jurisdiction to review the immigration judge's factual findings in this regard. Saintha v. Mukasey, 516 F.3d 243, 248We further
49 (4th Cir.), cert denied, 129 S. Ct. 595 (2008).
find that the Board's decision not to rescind the in absentia removal order would not have an unconscionable result. See,
e.g., Singh v. INS, 295 F.3d 1037, 1040 (9th Cir. 2002) (alien was the beneficiary of an approved visa petition and would not have been deported but for his failure to appear). Accordingly, dispense with oral we deny the petition the for facts review. and We legal
contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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