US v. Krishna Pillai Nair
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff Appellee, v. KRISHNA PILLAI BALAKRISHNAN NAIR, Defendant Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at Alexandria. Claude M. Hilton, Senior District Judge. (1:07-cr-00177-CMH-5)
February 13, 2009
March 4, 2009
Before MICHAEL, KING, and SHEDD, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
John O. Iweanoge, II, IWEANOGE LAW CENTER, Washington, D.C., for Appellant. Chuck Rosenberg, United States Attorney, Daniel Joseph Grooms, III, Edmund P. Power, Assistant United States Attorneys, Alexandria, Virginia, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Krishna Pillai Balakrishnan Nair appeals his
conviction based on his guilty plea to one count of engaging in a racketeering conspiracy, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1962(d) (2006). Two months after entering his plea, Nair filed two Following an evidentiary hearing,
motions to withdraw his plea.
the district court denied Nair's motions and sentenced him to twelve months and one day of imprisonment. his appeal. On appeal, Nair first claims that, during his plea hearing, the district court failed to inquire into whether he was under the influence of any medications or drugs that might have affected his ability to enter a voluntary plea. Nair's Nair timely noted
claim is without merit.
When informed that a defendant is under
the influence of medication, a district court must make further inquiry during the Rule 11 proceeding to determine the
defendant's competence to plead guilty. 191 F.3d 561, 564 (4th Cir. 1999).
United States v. Damon, Nothing in the Rule 11
transcript indicates Nair was under the influence of medication or that he was impaired. Additionally, neither Nair's attorney
nor the district court observed any potential impairment during Nair's plea hearing. Accordingly, the district court did not
err in failing to question Nair to ascertain whether he was under the influence of drugs or medication. 2
Nair also claims the district court erred in denying his motions to withdraw his guilty plea. district court's refusal to allow a This court reviews a to withdraw a
guilty plea for abuse of discretion. 81 F.3d 1300, 1305 (4th Cir. 1996).
United States v. Wilson, A defendant may withdraw a
guilty plea before sentence is imposed if "the defendant can show a fair and just reason for requesting the withdrawal."
Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(d)(2)(B).
This court has established six
factors to be considered in granting or denying a motion to withdraw a guilty plea. 248 (4th Cir. 1991). Our review of the record leads us to conclude that Nair failed to present credible evidence that his plea was not knowing and voluntary. The remaining Moore factors also do not United States v. Moore, 931 F.2d 245,
weigh in favor of granting Nair's motion to withdraw his guilty plea. Nair fails to establish that he did not have close
assistance of competent counsel, and he cannot credibly assert legal during innocence his plea as he stipulated and to the statement the of facts
hearing to committing the acts in the statement of facts that supported his plea agreement. Finally, the delay between Nair's
plea and the filing of his motions does not weigh in favor of granting his motions to withdraw, particularly in light of his
knowing or voluntary. Accordingly, we affirm the judgment of the district court. We dispense with oral argument as the facts and legal
contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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