US v. Mario Torres
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. MARIO ALBERTO TORRES, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Bryson City. Lacy H. Thornburg, District Judge. (2:07-cr-00028-LHT-1)
February 26, 2009
March 23, 2009
Before NIEMEYER, GREGORY, and DUNCAN, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Claire J. Rauscher, Raquel K. Wilson, FEDERAL DEFENDERS OF WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA, INC., Asheville, North Carolina, for Appellant. Gretchen C. F. Shappert, United States Attorney, Charlotte, North Carolina; Amy E. Ray, Assistant United States Attorney, Asheville, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Mario Alberto Torres pled guilty, pursuant to a plea agreement, violation to of one 21 count U.S.C. of § distributing 841(a)(1), methamphetamine, in
("Count One"), and one count of possession of a firearm during a drug trafficking crime, (2006) in violation Two"). The of 18 U.S.C. court Torres
sentenced Torres to a total of 120 months' imprisonment. timely appealed.
On appeal, Torres alleges that the district
court erred in finding a sufficient factual basis to support his guilty plea to Count Two. Before a court may enter judgment on a guilty plea, it must find a factual basis to support the plea. 11(b)(3). exists Fed. R. Crim. P.
The district court "may conclude that a factual basis anything that appears on the record." United
States v. Mastrapa, 509 F.3d 652, 660 (4th Cir. 2007) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). of facts alone [is] sufficient to A "stipulated recitation a plea." United In order
States v. Wilson, 81 F.3d 1300, 1308 (4th Cir. 1996).
to find a factual basis, the court need not establish that a jury would find the defendant guilty or even that the defendant is guilty by a preponderance of the evidence. The court must
determine only "that the conduct to which the defendant admits is in fact an offense under the statutory provision under which 2
he is pleading guilty." 178-79 n.6 (4th Cir.
United States v. Carr, 271 F.3d 172, 2001) (internal quotation marks and
citation omitted) (interpreting an earlier version of Rule 11). This court reviews "the district court's finding of a factual basis for abuse of discretion, and [the court] `will not find an abuse of discretion so long as the district court could
reasonably have determined that there was a sufficient factual basis based on the record before it.'" United States v.
Ketchum, 550 F.3d 363, 367 (4th Cir. 2008) (citing Mastrapa, 509 F.3d at 660.) To prove a violation § 924(c)(1) the Government must establish: 1) that the Defendant committed a crime of violence or drug trafficking offense; 2) that during the commission of that offense the Defendant knowingly either used or carried a firearm, either or used possessed or a firearm; the and 3) "in that the Defendant to," or
possessed the firearm "in furtherance of" the drug trafficking offense. See 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A). Contrary to Torres'
contention, the evidence supports a finding that he sold the firearm in relation to the narcotics transaction. States v. Lipford, 203 F.3d 259 (4th Cir. 2000). See United Our review of
the record leads us to conclude that the district court did not abuse its discretion in finding a factual basis supported
Torres' guilty plea to Count Two. 3
We therefore affirm the district court's judgment. dispense with oral argument because the facts and
contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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