US v. Justin Matthews

Filing 920081120


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UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 08-4508 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. JUSTIN GUNSIAN MATTHEWS, Defendant Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina, at Durham. N. Carlton Tilley, Jr., District Judge. (1:07-cr-00293-NCT-1) Submitted: November 5, 2008 Decided: November 20, 2008 Before MICHAEL and TRAXLER, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Milton B. Shoaf, Salisbury, North Carolina, for Appellant. Anna Mills Wagoner, United States Attorney, Angela Hewlett Miller, Assistant United States Attorney, Greensboro, North Carolina, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. PER CURIAM: Pursuant to a plea agreement, Justin Gunsian Matthews pled guilty to possession of a firearm during a drug trafficking crime, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 924(c)(1)(A) (2006). As Matthews had previously pled guilty to possession of a firearm during a drug trafficking crime, the district court imposed a mandatory sentence under 18 U.S.C. 924(c)(1)(C)(i) (2006) of 300 months' imprisonment, to be served consecutive to any undischarged sentence for his previous conviction. Matthews's attorney has filed a brief in accordance with Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), challenging this statutory sentence enhancement and alleging that, due to the length and consecutive nature of the sentence, it constitutes cruel and unusual Counsel punishment states, in violation that he of the Eighth no Amendment. however, has found meritorious grounds for appeal. and affirm. * We agree with his conclusion We review Matthews's sentence for abuse of discretion. See Gall v. United States, 128 S. Ct. 586, 591 (2007). We will affirm a sentence imposed by the district court if it is within the statutorily prescribed range and is reasonable. United Although Matthews was informed of his right to file a pro se supplemental brief, he has not done so. * 2 States v. Hughes, 401 F.3d 540, is 546-47 deemed (4th Cir. 2005). per A se. As the statutorily required sentence reasonable United States v. Farrior, 535 F.3d 210, 224 (4th Cir. 2008). a "conviction" for purposes of 924(c)(1) "refers to finding of guilt by a judge or jury that necessarily precedes the entry of a final judgment of conviction," Deal v. United States, 508 U.S. 129, 132 (1993), we find that the district court did not abuse its discretion by enhancing Matthews's sentence pursuant to 924(c)(1)(C)(i). Next, Matthews asserts that the length and consecutive nature of his sentence constitute cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment. However, this court rejected the same argument in United States v. Khan, 461 F.3d 477, 495 (4th Cir. 2006), when we held that lengthy, mandatory sentences imposed pursuant to the "count-stacking" provision of 924(c) do not violate the Eighth Amendment. Therefore, Matthews's contention is without merit. In accordance with Anders, we have reviewed the record in this case and found no meritorious issues for appeal. This Accordingly, we affirm Matthews's conviction and sentence. court requires that counsel inform Matthews, in writing, of the right to petition the Supreme Court of the United States for further review. If Matthews requests that a petition be filed, but counsel believes that such a petition would be frivolous, 3 then counsel may move in this court for leave to withdraw from representation. Counsel's motion must state that a copy thereof We dispense with oral argument because was served on Matthews. the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED 4

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